British Columbia


British Columbia has some of the most diverse terrestrial ecosystems. There are fourteen different biogeoclimatic zones that support a variety of ecosystems. They support a wide variety of wildlife, vegetation and tree species.

The different climatic regions in British Columbia can be extreme. Some regions can reach temperatures above 40 degrees while others regions may reach temperatures well below negative 30 degrees. Because of these conditions, wildlife species migrate from region to region to find habitats that suit them for specific seasons of the year. Some species have adapted to the extreme changes in climate and stay year round in the same zone. Vegetation in each zone is also representative of the climate. The vegetation species located in each zone adapt to the amount and type of precipitation and temperature in the area. The terrain of the zone also affects the type of vegetation that will grow.

British Columbia holds a diverse and bountiful number of tree species. Fertile soils and favourable conditions make the forestry industry dominant in this province. Canada, but particulary British Columbia is the world's largest exporter of lumber, making forestry the largest economic practice in the province. British Columbia other great resources include its landscape, wilderness and natural beauties.