Welcome to the Biogeoclimatic Zones of British Columbia Info Page

This web site describes terrestrial ecosystems of British Columbia within the framework of the British Columbia Ministry of Forests' biogeoclimatic ecosystem classification. This system of classification is widely used in British Columbia and gives foresters, biologists, agrologists, other resource managers, and naturalists a common framework for a fundamental knowledge of landscape ecology.It thus provides a basis for ecosystem management and other practical decision-making. This page attempts to offer a method for visualizing the biogeoclimatic zones and describing each ecosystem classification. It should therefore give the user an appreciation of the diversity of terrestrial ecosystems in British Columbia. By using the Web Atlas provided here users can get a richer understanding of the ecology in this province.

 

The Province of British Columbia

British Columbia is a large and diverse province, more variable physically and biologically than any comparable region in Canada. The province spans 11 degrees of latitude and 25 degrees of longitude and covers 948 600 km2. Mountains feature prominently in the geography, environment, and culture of British Columbia; so too does the coast, which is intricate in detail and dotted with islands throughout its length. Generally speaking, British Columbia is a cool, moist, mountainous, forested region. However, the province also has areas with Mediterranean-type, semi-arid, subarctic, and alpine climates. It has extensive plateaus, plains, and basins as well as several roughly parallel series of mountains. Forests dominate the vegetation but there are also extensive areas of grasslands, wetlands, scrub, and tundra.