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Volume 3, Issue 3 (2009) Pp. 1–37.

Transitivity in Sahaptin
by Noel Rude

Constituent order plays no role in the disambiguation of grammatical relations in Sahaptin, a language native to the southern platea of the Pacific Northwest of the United States. Grammatical relations nevertheless are as relevant in any “configurational” language, being distinguished instead by pronominal affixes and nominal case marking. Alignment is mostly nominative-accusative but with limited ergative case. The verb is inherently intransitive, transitive, or ditransitive, and valence changing mechanisms mediate via inverse voice, external possession, dative shift, applicatives, causatives, and subject raising.

key words: transitivity, causative, raising, configurationality, external possession, grammatical relations, inverse, Sahaptin.

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Acknowledgements Copyright © 2008 Northwest Journal of Linguistics ISSN 1718-8563