Volume 3, Issue 3 (2009) Pp. 1–37.
- Transitivity in Sahaptin
- by Noel Rude
Constituent order plays no role in the disambiguation of grammatical relations in Sahaptin,
a language native to the southern platea of the Pacific Northwest of the United States. Grammatical relations nevertheless are as relevant in any “configurational” language, being
distinguished instead by pronominal affixes and nominal case marking. Alignment is mostly
nominative-accusative but with limited ergative case. The verb is inherently intransitive,
transitive, or ditransitive, and valence changing mechanisms mediate via inverse voice, external
possession, dative shift, applicatives, causatives, and subject raising.
key words: transitivity, causative, raising, configurationality, external possession, grammatical
relations, inverse, Sahaptin.
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