[Prepared by Kathryn Lack and Margaret Paridean, REM Graduate Students]
This first gateway site: http://www.nalusda.gov/
is the home page of the National Agricultural Library (NAL).
This library is a major international source for agriculture
and related information. From this web site, the associated
institutions of ISIS, AgNIC and Internet Sites can be assessed.
- This web site:http://www.nal.usda.gov/ric/agnic/agnic-ric.htm/
connects to the Rural Information Center which has a search
- To gain a
greater understanding of a policy that affects agri-tourism development
in B.C, the Agricultural Land Commission web site was chosen.
This web site: http://www.island.net/~awpb/aware/id25.html
has information on agricultural tours/tourism and direct marketing.
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- Ecosource. This page: http://www.ecosourcenetwork.com/
has multiple links to related sites on tourism and environmental
issues. http://www.ecomanage.com/ International Society for Ecotourism
Information Centre - Included in this site: http://lorenz.mur.csu.edu.au/ecotour/EcoTrHme.html
is a list of related research links; generally, a very useful
jumping off point for ecotourism research.
"Exploring Tourism " archives the quarterly journal
Planeta Platica which focuses on environmental tourism and news
from Latin America. The site also provides environmental travel
contacts, gives general background information on ecotourism,
addresses specific ecotourism issues in Mexico, Honduras, Costa
Rica and Equator and provides bibliography on ecotourism literature.
- This gateway
mbody.htm?terms=ecotourism&COB=home connects to
the Mining Co. Ecotourism home page. The Ecotourism GuideSite
is an excellent gateway to find information on ecotourism projects
worldwide. It provides valuable research-related sources of information.
- Big Volcano
Ecotourism Resource Centre gateway site - http://www.bigvolcano.com.au/ercentre/ercpage.htm
- provides links to many topics on ecotourism. Users have access
to a range of resources from articles to conferences, organizations,
and success stories.
- The site:
is well researched, navigable, and seems to be very credible.
In addition, several relevant links are included in the page.
- Exploring Ecotourism web site - http://www.txinfinet.com/mader/ecotravel/etour.html
- presents a diversity of issues and information devoted to the
application of environmental travel and ecotourism. A calendar
of events, recommended books and bibliographies, and country-specific
directories are posted.
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INDICATORS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
[Prepared by Liz Watchhorn, UBC Graduate Student]
- ICLEI was established in 1990, in a partnership with UNEP, International
Union of Local Authorities (IULA), and the Center for Innovative
Diplomacy (CID). This site: http://www.iclei.org/ provides a great deal
of useful information for sustainability initiatives in general
and indicator development in particular.
- In addition to being a top gateway site, this ICLEI site:http://www.iclei.org/
also qualifies as a top web site. ICLEI accesses information on
local sustainability projects, best practices, policy and practices
publications and a project summary series which includes case
studies from around the world.
- This site: http://www.sustainablemeasures.com
can be accessed through the ICLEI gateway (as well as numerous
others) or directly by its URL. This site includes a useful set
of information on: everything you always wanted to know about
indicators; indicators by category and "what is sustainability,
- This site: http://www.sustainable.org/ wasn't
referenced by any of the Gateway Sites noted above so is best
accessed by its URL. This site is maintained to assist US "grass
roots" sustainability projects to communicate the details
of their sustainability initiatives to each other.
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[Prepared by Sandra Biecego, UBC Graduate Student]
- An Approach to the Establishment & Management of MPAs Under
the Oceans Act: http://www.ncr.dfo.ca/communic/comm/_e.htm
- Charting the Course: Towards a Marine Conservation Areas Act:
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PARKS AND TOURISM
- Internet resources for outdoor recreation research: http://www4.ncsu.edu/~leung/recres.html
This site is an excellent website and gateway to resources on
information on parks and tourism. The site is divided into research
topics and also includes a resource list with useful links. Research
topics include outdoor recreation planning and management, recreational
issues on public lands, nature tourism, socio-psychological and
ecological aspects of outdoor recreation and visitor education
- National Recreation and Parks Association: http://www.nrpa.org
The National Recreation and Park Association (NRPA) is a American,
non-profit service organization dedicated to "advancing parks,
recreation and environmental efforts that enhance the quality
of life for all people". The NRPA strives to promote public
awareness of the environmental and natural resource management
aspects of recreation and leisure services. Under the main menu,
a listing of related web pages provides links to leisure, recreation,
tourism and park sites.
- The Geo Link Library web site: http://www.geonetwork.org/links/index.html
contains a comprehensive listing of web sites covering environmental
issues, community economic development, forestry and land management,
parks, urban sprawl, transportation, and planning. The section
pertaining to parks provides an extensive list of institutions
and organizations involved with the management, planning, and
protection of national parks.
- This gateway site: http://hum.amu.edu.pl/~zbzw/ph/pnp/swiat.htm
connects to the National Parks Worldwide web site. This site provides
links to web pages on national parks located in more than 70 countries
around the world.
- National Parks Service:http://www.nps.gov/
The US National Parks Service site provides information on "links
to the past" including information on archeology, civil war,
heritage tourism, historic places, landscapes, museums and maritime
- Canadian Parks and Recreation Association:http://www.activeliving.ca/activeliving/cpra.html
The Canadian Parks and Recreation Association's website contains
information on the activities of the "collective voice for
recreation and parks in Canada". The organization is the
only national link between Canadian communities in the leisure
- Parks Canada:http://parkscanada.pch.gc.ca/parks/main_e.htm.
This site is useful for information on the Canadian National Parks
- The Statistics Canada web site - http://www.statcan.ca/ - is a very powerful
and useful tool to access current statistics, research articles,
and references. It also provides links to statistical databases
hosted by provincial governments and other national governments.
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- Go to: http://www.the-fishing-network.com/;
1. THE FISHING NETWORK WEB ZINE at: www. the-fishing-network.com/library/archives.htm
Go into ARCHIVES, two specifically interesting articles are: January
1996, Vol 1, No. 4 Article: Ontario Fish Management Plan, put
online by the Ontario Federation of Fishers and Anglers- timely
legislative initiatives for the industry March 1996, Vol 1, No.
6 Article: Becoming an Outdoors Woman- excellent discussion about
women's role in sports fishing and how this is changing.
- Go to: http://www.pagebiz.com
fishing page icon at: OL' PAWS FISHING PAGE the first springboard
for the most extensive fishery information on the web-provides
useful regional fishing information by country and state. 1. Go
to Canada- ANGLERS NET at;http://www.angling.bc.com-great fishing reports
from all over BC, not commercial and very detailed. 2. Go to WOMEN'S
FISHING Partnership at: http://www.eskimo.com/~baubo/wfp/html-excellent
resources to look at the gender issues in Sports Fishing.
- One particularly useful site is the
PACIFIC FISHERIES ENVIRONEMENTAL GROUP http://www.pfeg.noaa.gov
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Recreation Management in Protected Areas
[Prepared by Jeff Juthans, REM Graduate Student]
- Wilderness on the World Wide Web
This site is an extensive gateway site that offers many international
links that relate to wilderness. The primary categories include:
wilderness concepts, areas, management, policy, education and
- Natural Resources Research Information Pages
This gateway site offers comprehensive sections of web links on
outdoor recreation research and another on related resource links.
The site also offers general literature references, on-line resources,
archives/databases, and related web sites of environmental NGO's,
academic programs and periodicals.
- The National Park Services web site http://www.nps.gov/
provides a wealth of National Park Service information. The Planing
Projects Library section http://www.nps.gov/planning/planlib.htm
of ParkNet contains completed planning projects. The Natural Resource
Publications section http://aqsun.aqd.nps.gov/pubs/nrpntis.htm
of the website contains a list of publications from the NPS Technical
- The Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute: Publications
has an extensive publications list pertaining to wilderness management
related topics. The Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute
provides a list of publications that relate to backcountry visitor
management in protected areas.
- The U.S.D.A. Forest Service: Resource Valuation and Use
Research web site http://www.fs.fed.us/research/rvur/recreation/outdoor.htm
lists ongoing (Forest Service supported) outdoor recreation, cultural
heritage, social science and wilderness research projects. Research
projects are summarized and contact names and numbers are given.
- The web site of the Canadian Heritage - Parks Canada
offers information relating to the Recreation Opportunity Spectrum
(ROS) planning model and its application to two wildernesses type
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[Prepared by Ann Murphy, UBC Graduate Student]
- This site http://www.cyburbia.org
Cyburbia - Internet Resources for the Built Environment contains
a comprehensive list of nearly 7000 links relevant to urban and
regional planning, architecture and the built environment and
is updated on a daily basis with reindexing of the search engine
conducted once a month.
- The University of Northern B.C.'s British Columbia Resource
Communities Project Home Page http://quarles.unbc.edu/frbc/
is designed to help individuals, communities and companies to
access information necessary for community resource decision-making
and community development. This site serves as a gateway to websites
and email addresses in the areas of community and sustainability,
citizen participation in resource management, and BC models of
- The final gateway site is The Community Economic Development
Centre (CEDC) at Simon Fraser University http://www.sfu.ca/cedc/gateway/index.htm
The CEDC conducts research on changes, trends and opportunities
in community economic development. This site provides information
on new initiatives, books published, information about the centre,
as well as links to sites that provide on-line articles relating
to CED. The CEDC site also contains a large abstract database
of CED initiatives.
- The W. K. Kellogg Collection of Rural Community Development
web site serves as a repository of high quality rural community
development materials The resource collection is divided into
seven categories including community development, strategic planning
and economic development with each annotation describing the materials'
audience, purpose, content, format and availability.
- The web site of the National Center for
Supercomputing Applications: Technology Research Group http://www.ncsa.uiuc.edu/edu/trg/
contains full documents of the groups research activities with
articles on the application of Internet technology to rural communities,
the role of the web in connecting a community, and strategies
for developing a community network.
- The web site of the Center of Excellence for Sustainable
includes on-line manuals, workbooks, success stories, model codes
and ordinances for making a community a better place to live.
The Land Use Planning section of the site include papers, articles
and resources on building sustainable community tourism developments.
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Related Web Site Links
[Prepared by Dean Luciuk, REM Graduate Student]
- Natural Resources Canada http://www.Nrcan.gc.ca
is the first gateway site. This web site contains links to different
branches of both the federal and international governments. Access
to journals, government publications and industrial data sources
are also provided.
- The second gateway site is the B.C Ministry of Environment
Land and Parks http://www.env.gov.bc.ca:80/.
- The final gateway site The California Energy Commission
offers access to hot topics, information on the commission, news
releases, publications and numerous links to related web sites.
- Energy News Groups http://www.energy.ca.gov/links/web.html.
- Energy Databases http://www.energy.ca.gov/database/index.html.
- This site http://www.elp.gov.bc.ca/epd/epdpa/mpp/mpphome.html
offers educational materials, technical reports, financial reports
and information brochures relating to waste management.
- Journals related to energy can be found at http://www.lib.kth.se/kthbeng/kthb.html.
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[Prepared by Esther Speck, REM Graduate Student]
- The Swiss Alpine InfoSystem www.alpine.unibe.ch/
contains information from approximately 306 actual Swiss research
projects in the field of Alpine Research. This site offers an
overview of researchers an ongoing projects, national and international
projects and other organizations and commissions.
- The Mountain Institute http://www.mountain.org/text/index.html
focuses its research programs primarily on the Himalayas, the
Andes, and the Appalachians. From the projects section, information
from three areas of research that the institute is dedicated to:
natural resource, cultural and educational conservation can be
- Sustainable Tourism in the Himalayas:
a) Programs in the Qomolangma Nature Preserve (Tibet) http://www.mountain.org/Qomolangmanecon.html
b) Langtang Conservation and Enterprise Project (Nepal) http://www.mountain.org/Langtang.html.
c) Ecotourism Development in Khangchendzonga National Park (India)
- The Institute For Tourism and Leisure Studies, Vienna,
is in German and offers a searchable database of abstracts on
studies on tourism development in the European Alps, with special
focus on Austria and numerous references to sustainable tourism.
- This site the Survey of Ecotourism Potential in Pakistan's
Biodiversity Project Area (Chitral and Northern Areas) http://www.monitor.net/~jmko/karakoram/biodiv.htm
offers a comprehensive report for the World Conservation Union
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[Prepared by Kim Smith, REM Graduate Student]
- This first gateway site: http://whale.wheelock.edu/ is the home page
of WhaleNet, a part of EnviroNet, an interdisciplinary program
that aims to enhance science education and environmental awareness.
This site is of particular interest to those interested in marine
- The second gateway site: http://www.awrta.org/
The Alaska Wilderness Recreation and Tourism Association provides
useful links to other wildlife and ecotourism related websites
such as:the World Travel and Tourism Council and the Ecotourism
Society. This site also provides the Proceedings of the 1998
Ecotourism in Alaska Conference at Alaska Pacific University.
- The third gateway site: http://www4.ncsu.edu/~leung/nrrips.html
The Natural Resources Research Information Pages is designed as
an Internet resource guide for natural resource students, researchers
- The High North Alliance www.highnorth.no/default.htm
is a Norwegian organization that has an interest in protecting
the rights of whalers, sealers and fisherman who harvest renewable
resources in accordance with the principles of sustainable management.
The site provides a library of articles on ethics, whale behaviour
and whale/seal watching.
- This web site: http://www.physics.helsinki.fi/whale/
provides background and statistical information on global whale-watching
and links to whale-watching sites from many countries around the
- Eco Travel in Latin America http://www.txinfinet.com/mader/ecotravel/ecotravel.html
is a website created as an outgrowth of the quarterly newsletter
El Planeta Platica/The Earth Speaks. This website archives information
about environmental issues and travel in the Americas and focuses
on promoting ecotourism. Information on this website includes
ecotourism polls and surveys, conferences and congresses, and
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[Prepared by Alain Thibeault, REM Graduate Student]
- The first gateway: http://www.canadatourism.com/
is the Canadian Tourism homepage. It leads to the CTX Business
Centre or to the Partner link which has a section on successful
winter tourism stories.
- The second gateway site: http://www.cotr.bc.ca/
connects to the Rocky Mountain Institute for Tourism, Leisure
& Recreation. This site connects to the libraries of many
institutions across BC.
- The final gateway site: http://www.icimod.org.sg/
connects to the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development.
It leads to links related to mountain development, which can be
relevant to winter tourism.
- To get information about sustainable development in the mountain
regions across the globe, the Mountain Forum web site - http://www.mtnforum.org/ - is very useful.
It also gives access to links about recreation, community, development,
environment, on-line libraries, research and other mountain related
topics that can be associated with winter tourism.
- This web site: http://www.saminfo.com/
is the Ski Area Management (SAM) magazine home site. It allows
users to find articles in the SAM archives and also gives access
to the SAM research centre. It is a valuable web site for researchers
interested in the ski industry.
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[Prepared by Karl Fellenius, REM Graduate Student]
- The first gateway site: http://www-comm.pac.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/english/default.htm
connects to the Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO)
Pacific Region - Communication Branch home page. It contains public
policy information on commercial, recreational and First Nations
fisheries in the Pacific Region.
- This gateway site: http://seagrant.orst.edu/crt/index.html connects to the
National Sea Grant Program, a partnership between academia, industry
and government in the U.S. The program promotes research and education
encouraging the sustainable use of the Great Lakes and ocean resources.
- The Sea Grant - Coastal Recreation and Tourism Guide - http://seagrant.orst.edu/crt/crtguide.html provides a
summary of ongoing projects and contact information for project
researchers. Projects are listed by state, and classified as primarily
research, education or outreach.
- The Gulf of Georgia Cannery Management Plan Review web site
- http://www.parkscan.harbour.com serves
as an example of some of the challenges of developing a cultural
resource tourism product while preserving its character and integrity.
It provides an overview of cultural resource issues identified
by Parks Canada and the Gulf of Georgia Cannery Society.
- This web site: http://www.bcfish.com/
connects to the BC's Fisherman's Unique Tours home page. It provides
information on cultural tours on commercial fishing vessels, and
interpretive walking tours guided by commercial fishers. It offers
researchers an opportunity to learn about specific challenges
encountered in these new businesses such as regulatory requirements
for chartering and vessel conversion.
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[Prepared by David Waldron, REM Graduate Student]
- The Sustainable Tourism INterest Group (STRING) set up a web
site - http://www.yorku.ca/dkproj - providing
tourism researchers with a comprehensive collection of internet
resources relevant to sustainable tourism. Its links include multilateral
organizations, non-governmental and governmental organizations,
and codes of ethics and practices.
- Tourism Montreal has developed a web site devoted to tourism
research. One section of the site focuses on tourism sustainable
development research. It is accessible at: http://www.tourism-montreal.org/
- This web site: http://www.greenglobe.org
connects to the Green Globe site. Green Globe is an environmental
management and awareness program developed by the World Travel
and Tourism Council. It provides up-to-date coverage of some recent
efforts in the tourism industry to become more environmentally
- TOURFOR - http://www.tourfor.com - is a project
that is using environmental management systems for recreational
and tourism forestry sites. The web site provides a good case
study and links focusing on environmental management.
- The World Travel and Tourism Council web site - http://www.wttc.org - has a section devoted to environmental
issues. It provides key web sites to visit, including EcoNETT,
a site that focuses on sustainable tourism projects and initiatives
developed by companies or travel destinations.
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[Prepared by Angie Gerst, REM Graduate Student]
- The Canadian Tourism Human Resource Council (CTHRC) is a national
non-profit organization which "promotes and enhances professionalism
in the Canadian Tourism Industry through industry standards, training
and Professional Certification. Its web site - http://www.cthrc.ca - leads to several
human resource organizations as well as a wealth of information
on training resources and programs,
- From the "Strategis" web site - http://www.strategis.ic.gc.ca -, it is
possible to search for information through a search box or by
using the link "Employment and Learning Resources".
- The World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) web site - http://www.wttc.org - gives access to
the World Travel and Tourism Human Resources Centre (WTTHRC).
The WTTHRC site provides up-to-date, relevant and comprehensive
information about the organization's very active role in tourism
training and education research.
- The mission of Human Resource Development Canada (HRDC) is to
"enable Canadians to participate fully in the workplace and
the community". Its web site - http://www.hrdc-drhc.gc.ca/
- provides information on career and personal development.
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[Prepared by Theresa Fortin, SFU Business Graduate Student]
- This first gateway site: http://wineserver.ucdavis.edu/WineGrape/otherlinks/index.html
connects to the University of California at Davis, Department
of Viticulture and Enology Cooperative Extension. It is an excellent
gateway site providing an extensive list of links to wine academia,
scientific journals in viticulture and enology, and wine search
- This web site: http://www.ryerson.ca/~dtudor/wine.htm
leads to the "Wines Beer and Spirits of the Net". It
provides a monthly updated list of Usenet/Netnews groups, and
a very long list of URLs sorted by type of reference material
- Developed for the Wine Business Education program of the School
of Business & Economics of Sonoma State University, this gateway
site: http://www.sonoma.edu/people/bbutler/wine/#education contains
links to several education and research centres on wine marketing
and viticulture management.
- From the Bureau of Tourism Research (Australia) releases web
page - http://www.btr.gov.au/news/news.html
-, one can order the proceedings from the First Australian Wine
Tourism Conference, held at Margaret River in 1998.
- The Sonoma County Wine Library web site: http://www.sonoma.lib.ca.us/wine.html
gives access to the library catalog via Telnet. The library contains
many references on wine tourism.
- This web site: http://www.winetitles.com.au/wij/index.html connects to
The Australian and New Zealand Wine Industry Journal home page.
The journal archives contain many relevant articles on wine tourism,
easily retrieved by entering "tourism" in the search
- The Farm Practices in BC: Reference Guide web page - http://www.agf.gov.bc.ca/resmgmt/fppa/refguide/commodty/grapes.htm
- can be accessed from the Ministry of Agriculture and Food -
BC web site. It provides a listing and linkages in the reference
section to information that outlines grape production and winery
practices, including information on direct marketing.
- This web site: http://www.csu.edu.au/research/rpcgwr/nwgic.htm
connects to the National Wine and Grape Industry Center, located
at Charles Sturt University in Australia. The combination of wine
partners produces a Center capable of serving the Australian wine
industry through research, teaching, training and information
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- This site: http://webhome.idirect.com/~tourism/research.html
connects to the Tourism Research Resources section of the Tourism
Information Network. It provides an extensive list of links to
research institutes, statistics sites and other related web sites.
- The Canadian Business and Current Affairs database - http://delos.lib.sfu.ca:80/cgi-bin/www_gateway/z3950.CGI?cbca.db
- includes many current articles on tourism, seniors and the seniors
market. This URL must be accessed through the SFU library at:
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Managing Commercial Recreation on Public Land
[Prepared by Neil Curtis, REM Graduate Student]
- British Columbia Assets and Lands Corporation - Commercial
Recreation Strategy, Sea to Sky Corridor http://www.bcal.bc.ca/home.htm
BCAL is the British Columbia Assets and Land Corporation, a provincial
agency responsible for the tenuring and marketing of Crown Lands,
the 92 percent of the province which is publicly owned. The website
includes an overview of the organisation's operations, including
information about the commercial recreation program http://www.bcal.bc.ca/for_business/commercial_recreation
- British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks -
Crown Lands Branch http://www.elp.gov.bc.ca/clb.
A major role of the Crown Lands Branch is to develop policy, procedures,
standards, and legal tenure documentation relating to the management,
administration and disposition of Crown land. The website includes
a link to the text of the Commercial Recreation on Crown Land
and also includes a link to the Commercial Recreation Strategy
for the Sea to Sky Corridor http://www.elp.gov.bc.ca/clb/planning/lmr/bcassets.htm
- USDA Forest Service - Recreation, Heritage and Wilderness Resources
This part of the USDA Forest Service website is rather rudimentary,
but does include a link to the Outfitting and Guiding Directory,
which covers tenuring of public lands for commercial uses http://www.fs.fed.us/recreation/permits/outfitting.htm
- USDA Forest Service - Recreation, Wilderness, Urban Forest
and Demographic Trends Research Group http://www.srs.fs.fed.us/trends/.
The Outdoor Recreation and Wilderness Assessment Group studies
outdoor recreation and wilderness demand and related social for
application in public land management. The useful website includes
a link to the results from the National Survey on Recreation and
the Environment http://www.srs.fs.fed.us/trends/fsoutrec.html
- USDA Forest Service - Policy Analysis http://www.fs.fed.us/policy/.
This otherwise rudimentary part of the Forest Service website
includes a link to an interesting article, "Public recreation
lands / private recreation enterprise: Policy issues from a historical
- Bureau of Land Management http://www.blm.gov/nhp/index.htm.
The Bureau of Land Management (BLM), an agency within the U.S.
Department of the Interior, administers 264 million acres of America's
public lands, located primarily in 12 Western States. The website
gives a comprehensive overview of the organization's activities,
including information about Land Use Authorizations: Leases and
Recreation Industry Websites
- Canadian Parks and Recreation Association http://www.cpra.ca.
The Canadian Parks and Recreation Association (CPRA) is the collective
voice for recreation and parks in Canada, with a diverse, community-based
membership ranging from community volunteers and front-line service
providers to senior managers and elected officials. The website
gives a comprehensive overview of the organization's activities.
- American Recreation Coalition http://www.funoutdoors.com/.
The American Recreation Coalition is a Washington-based non-profit
federation of more than 100 private sector organizations. Its
volunteer leaders run the nation's most prominent recreation companies
and recreation-related associations. The extensive website includes
numerous links to other recreation-oriented websites, as well
as reports such as "Outdoor Recreation In America 2000: Addressing
Key Societal Concerns" http://www.funoutdoors.com/Rec00/index.html
- National Forest Recreation Association http://www.nfra.org.
The National Forest Recreation Association represents and serves
as advocate for businesses offering quality outdoor recreation
opportunities to the public on federal lands and waters across
the United States. The site includes a good list of links to other
outdoor resources, as well as a direct link to Laws and Regulations
Governing Recreation Special Uses on the US National Forest System.
- Outdoor Recreation Coalition of America http://www.orca.org/.
ORCA is a trade association with products and services that support
the business of outdoor recreation, focusing on the human-powered
outdoor recreation (HPOR) industry. The website gives an overview
of the various activities undertaken by the organization.
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Cultural Heritage Tourism
[Prepared by Margaret Paridean, REM Graduate Student]
- ICOMOS Canada http://canada.icomos.org/.
The International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) is an
international non-governmental organization of professionals,
dedicated to the conservation of the world's historic monuments
and sites. ICOMOS provides a forum for professional dialogue and
a vehicle for the collection, evaluation, and dissemination of
information on conservation principles, techniques, and policies.
There are national committees around the world, each with their
own websites. The focus of ICOMOS Canada is to share, on an international
scale, information and expertise on cultural resources and preservation.
The website provides papers, articles, a monthly bulletin and
references for publications on heritage protection. It also provides
links to agencies that manage Canadian World Heritage Sites such
as Parks Canada. The main Canadian ICOMOS website is not as useful
as some other websites that are affiliated with ICOMOS Canada,
but which, unfortunately, are not directly linked. Some of the
sites, however, have links to the ICOMOS Canada website. These
include The Centre for Environmental Design Research and Outreach
affiliated with The University of Calgary and its Faculty of Environmental
Design, developed this website in conjunction with the ICOMOS
Canada Cultural Tourism Committee and the World Tourism and Education
Research Centre (WTERC). The web pages provide a resource for
those interested in cultural tourism, enabling them to link with
information and cultural tourism practitioners around the world.
The website provides broad-based cultural tourism resources and
the Index of ICOMOS Canada Momentum bulletins http://canada.icomos.org/bulletin/,
which contains over 30 Momentum bulletin articles offering very
relevant and in-depth information on theoretical and practical
aspects of cultural tourism.
- Culture and UNESCO http://www.unesco.int/culture/development/highlights/
decade/tourism/html_eng/index_en.htm. This website provides
an international scope on cultural tourism. The website's aim
is to work together with other agencies such as the World Tourism
Organisation, United Nations Development Programme and the World
Bank, to devise strategies to preserve cultural heritage while
promoting intercultural exchanges, thereby contributing to sustainable
economic, social and cultural development. Some joint projects
featured include "Silk Roads in Central Asia" and "Slave Routes".
The website also features internationally-accepted cultural tourism
principles and practices and many examples of these principles
in application. There are also web links to many of the international
organisations and agencies that are partnering in these cultural
- The World Heritage Newsletter http://www.unesco.org/whc/news/index-en.htm.
Although not linked to the UNESCO culture site, this website makes
available all 26 of UNESCO's World Heritage Newsletters from April
2000 to February 1993. Each newsletter is described with a table
of contents and has a direct link. Some topics of interest to
cultural and heritage tourism are: Conserving outstanding cultural
landscapes (June 1993); Canals and cultural routes (June 1995);
and Education & fostering awareness about heritage (March 1996).
- The National Assembly of State Arts Agencies (NASAA) http://www.nasaa-arts.org/new/nasaa/artworks/ct_contents.shtml.
The National Assembly of State Arts Agencies (NASAA) mission is
to advance and promote a meaningful role for the arts in the lives
of individuals, families and communities throughout the United
States. They empower state arts agencies through assistance that
fosters leadership, enhances planning and decision-making, and
increases resources. Although the emphasis is on the American
cultural tourism scene, there is some useful information relating
to the broader cultural tourism subject. Some examples include
definition of cultural tourism, cultural visitor profiles, examples
of state cultural tourism initiatives such as websites that target
North Carolina cultural travellers, The Virginia African-American
Heritage Trail and publications.
- Utah Heritage Tourism Toolkit http://history.utah.org/httoolkit/.
Community awareness and interest in expanding, preserving, and
managing heritage resources is growing around the world. The process
of cultural tourism development is often complex and takes time
and the proper tools. The Utah Division of State History Office
of Preservation has developed the Heritage Tourism Toolkit, which
is a package of practical tools that communities or groups can
use to develop, manage, and protect their cultural and heritage
resources. The toolkit is well organised, provides applicable
information for researchers and useful methods for tourism practitioners
from diverse jurisdictions.
- Canadian Tourism Commission (CTC) www.canadatourism.com.
The Canadian Tourism Commission offers a wealth of reference information
on a broad spectrum of tourism areas. A useful tool for the cultural
tourism researcher is the Reference Centre. Here one can search
the CTC Library Catalogue using a simple search or more detailed
search for a particular title. A keyword search using the terms
"cultural tourism" turned up 62 references with complete bibliographical
information. The publications are both Canadian and international,
and are published as recently as the year 2000. The documents
can be ordered through interlibrary loan.
- Australian Centre for Cultural and Media Policy (CMP) http://tkraken.itc.gu.edu.au/centre/cmp/los_4.html.
CMP is operated out of the School of Film, Media & Cultural Studies
at Griffith University in Brisbane, Australia. The Cultural Tourism
and Heritage Links page provides a wide array of online cultural
tourism resources. Although the emphasis is on the Australian
cultural heritage scene, the website offers publications and links
to related policy areas in other agencies, as well as links to
overseas cultural tourism agencies and online research documents.
Gateway Sites [Prepared by Michael Wong, SFU Graduate
- Griffith University http://www.gu.edu.au/centre/cmp/los_4.html
The Griffith University in Australia has an well-organised website
for cultural and heritage tourism for the Australia/New Zealand
region. In addition, this gateway offers links to various Art
& Culture Ministries located around the world, which include Japan,
Italy, Iceland, Greece, and Brazil. This page offers publications
on economic indicators of Australia, on-line books on cultural
tourism, and links to governmental agencies related to promoting
cultural tourism in Australia. Two links from this site include
the UNESCO World Heritage Center http://www.unesco.org/whc/nwhc/pages/
home/pages/homepage.htm which provides information on the
UNESCO convention and those countries participating in this important
pact that protects historical sites. One can find information
to world heritage sites by either subject topics or by geographical
regions. Some of the categories include natural, fossil, biosphere,
tropical, cultural and historic regions and The Organisation of
World Heritage Cities http://www.ovpm.org/main.asp
which consists of over 164 cities that are listed as heritage
urban areas. The purpose of this site is allow government administrator
access to information that will help maintain these world heritage
sites. Links to many of these 164 cities are found on the site
with information such as history, population and location. In
addition, many city links provide further connections to their
museums and cultural events.
- City University Arts Policy and Management Resources http://www.city.ac.uk/artspol/index.html
This comprehensive website is operated from the City University,
London England under the direction of Mr. Patrick Boylan. The
gateway has links to hundreds of website located in the UK and
around the world. Some of the highlights of this site include
links to governmental and intergovernmental agencies connected
to cultural tourism, international cultural non-governmental organisations,
information on international treaties and conventions related
to the cultural tourism. This site offers convenient connections
to cultural ministries located around the world, and contains
reviews of UK cultural tourism publication. Two interesting links
from this site include Virtual Library Museum http://vlmp.museophile.com/
which provides hundreds of link to museums world-wide and links
to museum related subjects. Some of the museums represented include
the country of Italy, Japan, Austria, Canada, Russia, Romania,
and countries from Africa and Latin America and Ministere de la
which is operated by the French Ministry of Culture and it provides
information on cultural news in France and throughout Europe.
One can also find the annual budget of the French Cultural Ministry,
calendar of cultural events in France, on-line cultural expositions,
databases, publications, and statistical figures related to cultural
tourism. This site is entirely in French.
- The Canadian Heritage Information Network http://www.chin.gc.ca/e_main_menu.html.
This internet site is operated by a Canadian federal agency and
it provides a gateway for cultural information within Canada.
Guests can access information to museums located within Canada
and social & archaeological museum artefacts. There is an online
forum that allows professionals in the field of cultural heritage
to share ideas and exchange information. Visitors to this site
can view an online virtual exposition and order various publications
related to Canadian heritage. Links from this site include Artefacts
where information is classified into three categories, namely,
humanities, archeological and natural sciences. In the humanities
section, there is information on archaeology, decorative & fine
arts, and history. The archaeological age contains material on
more than 70 thousand sites found in Canada and the natural science
page has information on approximately 28 thousand species and
the Canadian Heritage Publication http://www.chin.gc.ca/Resources/Publications/e_publications.html
which provides electronic access to on-line publications and allows
guest to order manuscripts related to heritage tourism. Additionally,
the webpage offers resources such as classification systems and
software for gallery and museum product.
- Website for the National Assembly of State Arts Agencies (NASAA).
This American site provides a definition of cultural tourism and
provides an overview of the industry. The site gives statistics
on cultural tourism in American by providing revenue, market share,
number of people employed in the field, the most popular activities
for American and international travellers, and provides current
trends in the industry . The site also describes cultural activities
that occur in the specific parts of the United States and provides
a calendar for cultural events. In addition, publications on various
tourism topics such as the US Department of Transport and Travel
Industry of America can be downloaded from the website. Links
from this site include the National Heritage Area http://www.ncrc.nps.gov/heritage/program.htm
which has been created by various levels of the American government
in an attempt to preserve unique cultural and natural landscapes
across America. Researchers can locate heritage sites on a virtual
map, obtain a contact list and view legislative citation on specific
landscapes in America. It also includes links to The National
Park Service - Links to the Past http://www.cr.nps.gov/
provided by the American National Parks Service provides links
to the past by offering information on cultural topics such as
archaeology, historic buildings & structures, general history,
and military history. In addition, it offers programs such as
American Indian Liaison Office, and Cultural Resource Diversity
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Olympics Related Research
[Prepared by Geoff Reid, REM Graduate Student]
- TorontoSummerGames.com - The 2008 Olympic Bid Information Site:
TSG.com is an independent website focusing not only on the 2008
Olympic Bid process but also other future bids as well. The site
publishes features and original articles and stories not available
elsewhere online. Their membership includes the world media, members
of bid city committees around the world, IOC officials and members
as well as Olympic fans, businesses and athletes. It contains
daily news updates compiled through media sources throughout the
world. In addition, the site acts as a good starting location
to link to bid sites for the 2008 and 2012 Summer Games as well
as the 2010 Winter Games, as well as containing links to more
research-oriented sites. The site also contains a highly visited
discussion board with forums related to the 2008 and upcoming
bids. While being relatively easy to navigate, the site has a
tendency to be visually cluttered, especially on main pages. As
advertising supports the site, the banners also contribute to
the overall aesthetic busyness. Having operated for about three
years, it is one of the best sources on the web for news and for
links to other sites related to the Olympics.
- Light the Fire Within - The Governor's Music and Education
This site is the Internet component of Governor of Utah Michael
Leavitt's programme to provide "Utah K-12 students with a foundation
of Olympic values through music and curriculum" in preparation
for Salt Lake City's hosting of the 2002 Winter Games. The Olympic
Links Page of the site provides excellent links to more research
oriented sites and is a good navigation guide for Olympics research.
It has a clean, minimalist and well-designed aesthetic with good
use of graphics and white space. The links are well organized
with critical, clear and concise commentary that is useful. While
not entirely comprehensive, the site has provided the most substantive
links for an online researcher.
- The Great Olympic Swindle - Olympic Links: ajennings.8m.com/links.htm.
This links page provides an all-inclusive list of sites related
to organizations and individuals critical of the Olympics, as
well as recent news and articles or article series on problems
related to the Games. The site's creator is Andrew Jennings, a
well-known journalist who has written a series of books investigating
the IOC and the Olympic 'movement'. The site, well not particularly
graphically well-designed or interesting, is very easy to navigate.
The links page operates as a nerve center on the pulse of the
online anti-Olympic opposition and provides the researcher with
the links necessary for alternative points of view. The rest of
the site can perhaps be viewed primarily as an advertisement for
- The Olympic Studies Centre and International Chair in Olympism
at the University of Barcelona: http://www.blues.uab.es/olympic.studies/index.html.
This trilingual site in English, Catalan and Spanish is fairly
comprehensive. It includes books and working papers that you can
purchase online, and also has many online documents on topics
related to Olympic Studies. The site is reasonably well-designed
and graphically pleasing, if not brilliantly so; but is not easy
to navigate with inconsistent page headings and intrasite links.
Perhaps the component of the site most useful to researchers is
an online database. The "Olympic Studies International Directory"
is searchable by author, institution, country or subject area.
Given that the Directory is co-sponsored by the IOC's Olympic
Museum, it surprisingly also includes Olympic scholars critical
of the Games. Searches produce contact information on Olympic
scholars and their research and publications that is very useful
for further online, as well as library, research.
- The International Centre for Olympic Studies at the University
of Western Ontario: http://www.uwo.ca/olympic/index.html.
This site is useful primarily for providing information on the
Centre's activities, events, and publications. It does not provide
much online documentation, and but provides limited bibliographic
information related to its academic journal "Olympika". The site's
graphics and navigability are average and it contains a design
sensibility that verges upon being dated. However, given that
the Centre appears to have very limited support from the University,
it has developed a fairly respectable website.
- The University of Technology, Sydney - Working Towards Your
Future in Sydney 2000 http://www.olympic.uts.edu.au/index.html.
The UTS website documents the community projects undertaken in
Sydney to supplement the Games as well as including a annotated
bibliography with a myriad of publications by UTS community members
under a diverse and wide-ranging list of topic headings. The site
is simple, yet elegantly and very professionally well-designed
and graphically pleasing and extremely easy to navigate.
- The Amateur Athletic Foundation of Los Angeles www.aafla.org.
The AAF possesses one of the world's largest collections of Olympics
related material and is currently undertaking an ambitious effort
to convert large amounts of its collected works into digital format.
This excellent reference site is very well designed and easy to
navigate, with the possible exception of its frames format restricting
the amount of onscreen viewable material a bit too much. There
appears to be a very large amount of Olympic related material
available in Acrobat/pdf format, but unfortunately the virtual
archives were closed for maintenance at the time this is written,
so I was unable to utilize this feature. Overall however this
is perhaps the best website for Olympic researchers looking for
online secondary research.
- Olympic Museum Lausanne www.museum.olympic.org.
This is the online site for the Olympic Museum located in Lausanne,
Switzerland within the International Olympic Committee's headquarters
complex. This site, (part of the IOC's official website), is extremely
well designed and easy to navigate, and exemplifies the tremendous
financial and info tech resources available to the IOC. The most
relevant section of the site for researchers is the "Olympics
Studies Centre", which is the repository of the Historical Archives,
the Documentation Centre, and the Library, which have varying
levels of access to the public. There is little online documentation
beyond a link to the online directory of the Library's collection,
but the site provides good access to communicate with researchers
at the museum, who will provide the first two hours of their time
- Bread not Circuses - a coalition of groups concerned about
Toronto's 2008 Olympic Bid: www.breadnotcircuses.org.
Bread not Circuses' website includes online articles and essays
on mega-event impacts and the Olympics by leading Canadian and
international journalists and scholars. The site is not well designed
or graphically pleasing, but perhaps this is not unexpected given
the very limited financial resources of BnC. However, despite
the site's aesthetic limitations, the online essays provide good
background for researchers interested in a critical perspective
of the Olympics and its potential impacts upon urban areas.
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[Prepared by Gillian MacDonald, UBC Graduate Student]
- Tourism Research Links http://www.waksberg.com/index.html.
Rene Waksberg created this comprehensive gateway site with the
tourism researcher in mind. It states directly on the home page
that the site is not intended for travelers, but rather for the
researcher specifically. The site is divided into three main categories:
Research, Niche Marketing, and Technology. Within those three
categories are hundreds of links to organizations which manage,
consult, or research tourism, as well as tourism schools. This
gateway is a perfect starting point for any individual interested
in conducting research on the travel industry, or more specifically
on destination marketing and positioning. It is somewhat tedious
going through the numerous sites available in order to find the
best ones, but having such high quality travel research sites
all in one spot is indispensable. Additionally the site is maintained
regularly so as to ensure that the links are as up to date as
- Tom Rourke's Home Page http://hubcap.clemson.edu/~trourke/.
Tom Rourke is a doctoral student majoring in tourism planning
at Clemson University in South Carolina. He has put together a
web site that is useful for the tourism researcher. Similar to
Rene Waksberg's site, it provides links to numerous academic journals
as well as to organizations which deal with tourism and research.
Rourke's web site, however, is more user friendly and is significantly
more aesthetically pleasing that Waksberg's site. Many of the
web sites found on gateway site #1 are the same as those on gateway
site #2, but there are enough differences between them to merit
including both as gateways.
- The Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology Library
This web page is located on the Christchurch Polytechnic Institute
of Technology's web site. On the library page of the web site
is a category entitled "Resources by Subject". After clicking
on that category, the "Commerce" heading will appear somewhere
on the page with subheadings for "Hospitality", "Marketing" and
"Travel & Tourism". All of these subheadings provide links to
a variety of sources in their specific fields. Under the "Travel
& Tourism" section, for example, there are links provided to a
number of resources on the World Wide Web related to travel and
tourism research. Some of the more important links with information
concerning destination positioning are the Asia-Pacific Journal
of Tourism Research, the Journal of Travel Research, as well as
Eclipse 1, Eclipse 2 and ProQuest. ProQuest is a useful search
engine for online ejournals.
- Alastair M. Morrison - Hospitality Consulting & Tourism Consulting,
Tourism Marketing and Tourism Research http://www.omni.cc.purdue.edu/~alltson/Alastair.html.
Alastair M. Morrison is a professor specializing in the areas
of marketing and tourism with Purdue University's Restaurant,
Hotel, Institutional and Tourism Management Department. He is
also the director of Purdue Tourism and Hospitality Research Centre
(PT&HRC). This particular web site is Morrison's own home page
and is extremely useful as a starting point for researchers interested
in learning the basics of destination positioning and marketing.
The most impressive and useful aspect of this particular site
are the extensive PowerPoint presentations (ppt) Morrison provides
for each chapter of his books the Tourism System and Hospitality
and Travel Marketing. These ppts provide a wealth of information
concerning marketing and the travel industry, and include some
fabulous sections on positioning. Morrison's web site further
includes a section on suggestions for World Wide Web (www) site
design and development for destination marketing organizations.
The web site also provides links to 79 tourism, hospitality, and
leisure journals, as well as a link to a web site dedicated to
current indices and abstracts from various journals (http://www.bubl.ac.uk/journals).
The site also provides a bibliography of 632 tourism, hospitality,
and leisure books, as well as a bibliography of Morrison's articles
and conference papers.
- North Carolina Tourism: Resources in Education and Development
This site was designed to bring together many different types
of information in order to assist communities in their tourism
development efforts. Similar to Alistair M. Morrison's home page,
this web site provides several useful PowerPoint presentations
dealing specifically with tourism and destination marketing located
in the Hospitality/Tourism Education section. The site also provides
links to tourism journals as well as sites providing travel statistics.
- Indiana University http://www.indiana.edu/index.html.
This web site provides a function that searches through 180,000
IU web pages. When the words destination, marketing are entered
into the search function a number of useful documents appear.
For example "The Pictorial Element of Destination Promotions in
Tourist Destination Image Formation", "The Effect of Pull Factors
Used to Influence Tourist Destination Choices on Retirement Destination
- International Centre of Studies on the Tourist Economy (CISET)
Established in 1991, CISET is an international centre of tourism
economic studies, and is a member of the Business Council of the
World Tourism Organization. CISET's mission is to carry out research
and studies on tourism with particular emphasis on its national
and international, regional and local, Italian and foreign economic
aspects. The web site provides the researcher access to its publications,
conferences and online documents. Of particular interest are the
documents dealing with the Centre's research on tourism and hospitality
management specifically one entitled From Destination to Destination
Marketing Management. The Centre also offers its working papers
to be sent free of charge to University libraries, teachers, researchers
and consultants interested in tourism studies.
- Hotel Online - Where the Hospitality Industry Meets...Online
This web site provides the latest and most relevant news, trends
and discussion forums in the hospitality industry. The search
function on this website provides access to numerous articles
from various sources including academic journals and conferences.
Entering the key words destination and positioning yields numerous
results including "Positioning a Tourism Destination To Gain a
Competitive Edge" from the Asia Pacific Journal. Numerous case
studies also appear including "Positioning Sabah as an International
Tourist Destination", presented at the Fourth International Conference
"Tourism in Southeast Asia and Indo-China: Development, Marketing
- Eclipse http://www.chchpoly.ac.nz/library/subject/eclipse1.pdf.
The journal Eclipse is a destination marketing journal. Each issue
covers a single theme in three sections, namely discussion, case
study and research. Issue number one deals specifically with destination
image, and thoroughly describes destination, image, perception,
and positioning. It includes a case study on Japanese outbound
travel, as well as a comprehensive section on "what the academics
say" about the topic.
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BC and Canadian Tourism and Recreation
Useful Tourism Research
- BC Ministry of Small Business, Tourism and Culture
- BC Parks
- BC Stats
- Canadian Tourism Commission
- Canadian Tourism Research Institute
- Greater Vancouver Regional District
- Statistics Canada
- Tourism Vancouver
- Vancouver Port Authority
- World Tourism Organization
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Aboriginal Tourism Websites
- National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Tourism Industry
- Aboriginal Tourism Business Planning Guide http://www.mtec.mb.ca/products/aboriginal.html
- Aboriginal Heritage Walking Tour http://www.calm.wa.gov.au/tourism/freo_ab_heritage_walk.html
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