Home People Events Research Graduate Undergraduate
Dr. Lawrence M. Dill, Professor
Behavioural Ecology

Refereed Journals or Refereed Conference Proceedings
 157 Thomson, J.A., Cooper, A.B., Burkholder, D.A., Heithaus, M.R., and Dill, L.M. 2013. Correcting for heterogenous availability bias in surveys of long-diving marine turtles. Biological Conservation 165: 154-161
 156 Suraci, J.P., and Dill, L.M. 2013. Short timescale rate maximization by gulls and implications for predation on size-structured prey. Behavioural Ecology 24: 280-292
 155 Heithaus M.R., Wirsing A. J., and Dill, L.M. 2012. The ecological importance of intact top-predator populations: a synthesis of 15 years of research in a seagrass ecosystem. Marine and Freshwater Research 63: 1039-1050.
 154 Davis, B.D., and Dill, L.M. 2012. Intraspecific kleptoparasitism and counter-tactics in the archerfish (Toxotes chatareus). Behaviour 149 (2012): 1367-1394.
 153 Connors, B.M., Braun, D.C., Peterman, R.M., Cooper, A.B., Reynolds, J.D., Dill, L.M., Ruggerone, G.T., and Krkosek, M. 2012. Migration links ocean-scale competition and local ocean conditions with exposure to farmed salmon to shape wild salmon dynamics. Conservation Letters 5(2012): 304-312.
 152 Thomson, J.A., Heithaus, M.R., Burkholder, D.A., Vaudo, J.J., Wirsing, A.J., and Dill, L.M. 2012. Site specialists, diet generalists? Isotopic variation, site fidelity, and foraging by loggerhead turtles in Shark Bay, Western Australia. Marine Ecology Progress Series 453: 213-226.
 151 Thomson, J.A., Cooper, A.B, Burkholder D.A., Heithaus, M.R., and Dill, L.M. 2012. Heterogeneous patterns of availability for detection in visual surveys: spatiotemporal variation in sea turtle dive-surfacing behaviour on a feeding ground. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 3 (2012): 378-387.
 150 Thomson, J.A., Heithaus, M.R., and Dill, L.M. 2011. Informing the interpretation of dive profiles using animal-borne video: A marine turtle case study. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 410 (2011): 12-20.
 149 Suraci J.P., and Dill, L.M. 2011. Energy intake, kleptoparasitism risk, and prey choice by glaucous-winged gulls (Larus glaucescens) foraging on sea stars. The Auk 128(4): 643-650.
 148 Krkosek, M., Connors, B.M., Morton, A., Lewis, M.A., Dill, L.M., and Hilborn, R. 2011. Effects of parasites from salmon farms on productivity of wild salmon. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108: 14700-14704.
 147 Connors, B.M., Lagasse, C., and Dill, L.M. 2011. What's love got to do with it? Ontogenic changes in drivers of dispersal in a marine ectoparasite. Behavioural Ecology 22: 588-593.
 146 Wirsing, A., Heithaus, M. and Dill, L.M. 2011. Predator-induced modifications to diving behavior vary with foraging mode. Oikos 120: 1005-1012.
 145 Jensen, E.L., Dill, L.M. and Cahill, J.F., Jr. 2011. Applying behavioral-ecological theory to plant defense: Light-dependent movement in Mimosa pudica suggest a trade-off between predation risk and energetic reward. American Naturalist 177: 777-381.
 144 Krkosek, M., Connors, B.M., Ford, H., Peacock, S., Mages, P., Ford, J.S., Morton, A., Volpe, J.P., Hilborn, R., Dill, L.M., and Lewis, M.A. 2011. Fish farms, parasites and predators: implications for salmon population dynamics. Ecological Applications 21: 897-914.
 143 Orrock, J.L., Dill, L.M., Sih, A., Grabowski, J.H., Peacor, S.D., Peckarsky, B.L., Preisser, E.L., Vonesh, J.R. and Werner, E.E. 2010. Predator effects in predator-free space: the remote effects of predators on prey. The Open Ecology Journal 3: 22-30.
 142 Connors, B.M., Hargreaves, N.B., Jones, S.R.M., and Dill L.M. 2010. Predation intensifies parasite exposure in a salmonid food chain. Journal of Applied Ecology 47: 1365-1371.
 141 Connors, B.M., Krkosek, M., Ford, J., and Dill, L.M. 2010. Coho salmon productivity in relation to salmon lice from infected prey and salmon farms. Journal of Applied Ecology 47: 1372-1377.
 140 Mages, P.A., and Dill, L.M. 2010. The effect of sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) on juvenile pnk salmon (Oncorhyncus gorbuscha) swimming endurance. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 67: 2045-2051.
 139 Losos, C.J.C., Reynolds, J.D., and Dill, L.M. 2010. Sex-selective predation by threespine sticklebacks on sea lice: a novel cleaning behaviour. Ethology 116: 981-989.
 138 Dupuch, A., Dill, L.M., and Magnan, P. 2009. Testing the effects of resource distribution and inherent habitat riskiness on simultaneous habitat selection by predators and prey. Animal Behaviour 78: 705-713.
 137 Heithaus, M.R., Wirsing, A.J., Burkholder, D., Thomson, J.A., and Dill, L.M. 2009. Towards a predictive framework for predator risk effects: the interaction of landscape features and prey escape tactics. Journal of Animal Ecology 78: 556-562.
 136 Thomson, J.A., Burkholder, D., Heithaus, M.R., and Dill, L.M. 2009. Validation of a rapid visual-assessment technique for catergorizing the body condition of green turtles (Chelonia mydas) in the field. Copiea 2009 (2): 251-255.
 135 Dupuch, A., Magnan, P., Bertolo, A., Dill, L.M., and Proulx, M. 2009. Does predation risk influence habitat use by Northern red belly dace (Phoxinus eos) at different spatial scales? Journal of Fish Biology 74: 1371-1382.
 134 Dill, L.M., Losos, C.J.C., Connors, B.M., and Mages, P. 2009. Comment on Beamish (2007) "A proposed life history strategy for the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) in the subarctic Pacific". Aquaculture 286: 154-155.
 133 Laroche, R.K., Kock, A.A., Dill. L.M., and Oosthuizen, W.H. 2008. Running the gauntlet: a predator-prey game between sharks and two age classes of seals. Animal Behaviour 76: 1901-1917.
 132 Peckarsky, B.L., Abrams, P.A, Bolnick, D.I., Dill, L.M., Grabowski, J.H., Luttbeg, B., Orrock, J.L., Peacor, S.D., Preisser, E.L., and Schmitz, O.J. 2008. Revisiting the classics: considering nonconsumptive effects in textbook examples of predator-prey interactions. Ecology 89: 2416-2425.
 131 Gray, S.M., Dill, L.M., Tantu, F.Y., Loew, E.R., Herder, F., and McKinnon, J.S. 2008. Environment-contingent sexual selection in colour polymorphic fish. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 275: 1785-1791.
 130 Gray, S.M., McKinnon, J.S., Tantu, F.Y., and Dill, L.M. 2008. "Sneaky" egg-eating in (Telmatherina sarasinorum), an endemic fish from Sulawesi. Journal of Fish Biology 73: 728-731.
 129 Connors, B.M, KrKosek, M., and Dill, L.M. 2008. Sea lice escape predation on their host. Biology Letters 4: 455-457.
 128 Connors, B.M., Juarez-Colunga, E., and Dill, L.M. 2008. Effects of varying salinities on Lepeophtheirus salmonis survival on juvenile pink and chum salmon. Journal of Fish Biology 72: 1825-1830.
 127 Kerford, M.R., Wirsing, A.J., Heithaus, M.R., and Dill, L.M. 2008. Danger on the rise: diurnal tidal state mediates an exchange of food for safety by the bar-bellied sea snake (Hydrophis elegans). Marine Ecology Progress Series 358: 289-294.
 126 Wirsing, A.J., Heithaus, M.R., Frid A., and Dill, L.M. 2008. Seascapes of fear: evaluating sublethal predator effects experienced and generated by marine mammals. Marine Mammal Science 24: 1-15.
 125 Frid A., Baker, G.G., and Dill, L.M. 2008. Do shark declines create fear-released systems? Oikos 117: 191-201.
 124 Heithaus, M.R., Wirsing, A.J., Frid, A., and Dill, L.M. 2007. Behavioral indicators in marine conservation: lessons from a pristine seagrass ecosystem. Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution 53: 355-370.
 123 Wirsing, A.J., Heithaus, M.R., and Dill, L.M. 2007. Can you dig it? Use of excavation, a risky foraging tactic, by dugongs is sensitive to predation danger. Animal Behaviour 74: 1085-1091.
 122 Wirsing, A.J., Heithaus, M.R., and Dill, L.M. 2007. Fear factor: do Dugongs (Dugong dugon) trade food for safety from tiger sharks (Galeocerdo cuvier)? Oecologia 153: 1031-1040.
 121 Webster, S.J., Dill, L.M., and Korstrom, J.S. 2007. The effect of depth and salinity on juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum)) habitat choice in an artificial estuary. Journal of Fish Biology 71: 842-851.
 120 Wirsing, A.J., Heithaus, M.R., and Dill, L.M. 2007. Can measures of prey availablity improve our ability to predict the abundance of large marine predators? Oecologia 153: 563-568.
 119 Webster, S.J., Dill, L.M., and Butterworth, K. 2007. The effect of sea lice infestation on the salinity preference and energy expenditure of juvenile pink Salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 64: 672-680.
 118 Wirsing, A.J., Heithaus, M.R., and Dill, L.M. 2007. Living on the edge: dugongs prefer to forgage in microhabitats that allow escape from rather than avoidance of predators. Animal Behaviour 74: 93-101.
 117 Willis, P.M., and Dill, L.M. 2007. Mate guarding in male Dall's porpoises (Phocoenoides dalli). Ethology 113: 587-597.
 116 Frid, A., Dill, L.M., Thorne, R.E. and Blundell, G.M. 2007. Inferring prey perception of relative danger in large-scale marine systems. Evolutionary Ecology Research 9: 635-649.
 115 Heithaus, M.R., Frid, A., Wirsing, A.J., Dill, L.M., Fourqurean, J.W., Burkholder, D., Thomson, J. and Bejder, L. 2007. State-dependent rist-taking by green sea turtles mediates top-down effects of tiger shark intimidation in a marine ecosystem. Journal of Animal Ecology doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2007.01260.x.
 114 Laroche, R.K., Kock, A.A., Dill, L.M. and Oosthuizen, W.H. 2007. Effects of provisioning ecotourism activity on the behaviour of white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias). Mar Ecol Prog Ser 338: 199-209.
 113 Heithaus, M.R., Wirsing A.J. and Dill , L.M. 2007. Long-term movements of tiger sharks satellite-tagged in Shark Bay, Western Australia. Mar Biol DOI 10.1007/s00227-006-0583-y
 112 White, D.W., Dill, L.M., and Crawford, C.B. 2007. A common conceptual framework for behavioural ecology and evolutionary psychology. Evolutionary Pyschology 5(2): 275-288.
 111 Rova, A. Mori, G and Dill, L.M. 2007. One fish, two fish, butterfish, trumpeter: recognizing fish in underwater video. IAPR Conference on Machine Vision Applications, 2007
 110 Frid, A., Heithaus, M.R. and Dill, L.M. 2007. Dangerous dive cycles and the proverbial ostrich. Oikos 116: 893-902
 109 Webster, S.J., and Dill, L.M. 2007. Estimating the energetic cost of abiotic conditions using foraging behaviour. Evolutionary Ecology Research 9: 123-143
 108 Gray, S.M., Dill, L.M., and McKinnon, J.S. 2007. Cuckoldry incites cannibalism: male fish turn to cannibalism when perceived certainty of paternity decreases. Am Nat 169: 258-263.
 107 Heithaus, M.R. and Dill, L.M. 2006. Does tiger shark predation risk influence foraging habitat use by bottlenose dolphins at multiple spatial scales? Oikos 114: 257-264.
 106 Wirsing, A.J., Heithaus, M.R, and Dill, L.M. 2006. Tiger shark (Galeocerdo cuvier) abundance and growth in a subtropical embayment: evidence from seven years of standardized fishing effort. Marine Biology 149: 961-968
 105 Webster, S.J. and Dill, L.M. 2006. The energetic equivalence of changing salinity and temperature to juvenile salmon. Functional Ecology 20: 621-629.

Heithaus, M.R., Hamilton, I. M., Wirsing, A. J., and Dill, L. M. 2006. Validation of a randomization procedure to assess animal habitat preferences: microhabitat use of tiger sharks in a seagrass ecosystem. J. Animal Ecology 75: 666-676.

 103 Frid, A., Baker, G. and Dill, L.M. 2006. Do resource declines increase predation rates on North Pacific harbor seals? A behavior-based plausibility model. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 312: 265-275.
 102 Semeniuk, C.A.D. and Dill, L.M. 2006. Anti-predator benefits of mixed-species groups of cowtail stingrays (Pastinachus sephen) and whiprays (Himantura uarnak) at rest. Ethology 112(1): 33-42. 
 101 Riley, C.A. and Dill, L.M. 2005. The Little Miss Muffet effect: quantifying the effect of predation risk on foraging patch choice by houseflies (Musca domestica). J. Insect Behav 18(6): 847-857. 
 100 Semeniuk, C.A.D. and Dill, L.M. 2005. Cost/benefit analysis of group and solitary resting in the cowtail stingray, Pastinachus sephen. Behav. Ecol. 16: 417-426. 
 99 Heithaus, M.R., Frid, A., Wirsing, A.J, Bejder, L. and Dill, L.M. 2005. Biology of sea turtles under risk from tiger sharks at a foraging ground. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 288: 285-294. 
 98 Mitchell, J.S. and Dill, L.M. 2005. Why is group size correlated with the size of the host sea anemone in the false clown anemonefish? Can. J. Zool. 83: 372-376. 
 97 Baird, R.W., Hanson, M.B. and Dill, L.M. 2005. Factors influencing the diving behaviour of fish-eating killer
whales: sex differences and diel and interannual variation in diving rates. Can. J. Zool. 83: 257-267. 
 96 Willis, P.M., Crespi, B.J., Dill, L.M., Baird, R.W. and M.B. Hanson. 2004. Natural hybridization between Dall's porpoises (Phocoenoides dalli) and harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena). Can. J. Zool. 82: 828-834.
 95 Dupuch, A., Magnan, P. and L.M. Dill. 2004. Sensitivity of northern redbelly dace, Phoxinus eos, to chemical alarm cues. Can. J. Zool. 82: 407-415.
 94 Hamilton, I.M. and L.M. Dill. 2003. Group foraging by a kleptoparasitic fish: a strong inference test of social foraging models. Ecology 84: 3349-3359.
 93 Wilson, B., Batty, R.S. and L.M. Dill. 2003. Pacific and Atlantic herring produce burst pulse sounds. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B (Suppl.) 271: S95-S97.
 92 Hamilton, I.M. and L.M. Dill. 2003. The use of territorial gardening versus kleptoparasitism by a subtropical reef fish (Kyphosus cornelii) is influenced by territory defendability. Behav. Ecol. 14: 561-568.
 91 Dill, L.M., Dill, E.S. and Charles, D. 2003. Feeding preferences of Monkey Mia dolphins: results from a simultaneous choice protocol. Mar. Mamm. Sci. 19: 650-660.
 90 Rochette, R., Dunmall, K. and L.M. Dill. 2003. The effect of life-history variation on the population size of a rocky intertidal snail (Littorina sitkana). J. Sea Res. 49: 119-132.
 89 Dill, L.M., Heithaus, M.R. and C.J. Walters. 2003. Behaviourally mediated indirect interactions in marine communities and their conservation implications. Ecology 84: 1151-1157.
 88 Hamilton, I.M. and L.M.Dill. 2002. Monopolization of food by zebrafish (Danio rerio) increases in risky habitats. Can. J. Zool. 80: 2164-2169.
 87 Heithaus, M.R., McLash, J.J., Frid, A., Dill, L.M. and G.J. Marshall. 2002. Novel insights into green sea turtle behaviour using animal-borne video cameras. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U.K. 82: 1049-1050.
 86 Frid, A. and L.M. Dill. 2002. Human-caused disturbance stimuli as a form of predation risk. Cons. Ecol. 6 (1):11
 85 Wilson, B. and L.M. Dill. 2002. Pacific herring respond to simulated odontocete echolocation calls. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 59, 542-553.
 84 Hamilton, I.M. and L.M. Dill. 2002. Three-player social parasitism games: implications for resource defense and group formation. Am. Nat. 159, 670-680.
 83 Heithaus, M.R. and L.M. Dill. 2002. Food availability and tiger shark predation risk influence bottlenose dolphin habitat use. Ecology 83, 480-491.
 82 Heithaus, M.R., Dill, L.M., Marshall, G.T. and B. Buhleier. 2002. Habitat use and foraging behavior of tiger sharks Galeocerdo cuvier) in a seagrass ecosystem. Mar. Biol. 140, 237-248.
 81 Heithaus, M.R., Frid, A. and L.M. Dill. 2002. Shark-inflicted injury frequencies, escape ability and habitat use of green and loggerhead turtles. Mar. Biol. 140, 237-248.
 80 Heithaus, M.R. and L.M. Dill. 2002. Feeding strategies and tactics. Pp. 412-422 in Perrin, W.F., Würsig, B. and J.G.M. Thewissen, eds. "Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals,". Academic Press, N.Y.
 79 Heithaus, M.R., G.J. Marshall, B.M. Buhleier, and L.M. Dill. 2001. Employing Crittercam to study habitat use and behavior of large sharks. Marine Ecology Progress Series 209: 307-310.
 78 Abbot, P., and L.M. Dill. 2001. Sexually transmitted parasites and sexual selection in the milkweed leaf beetle (Labidomera clivicollis) Oikos. 92 91-100.
 77 Rochette, R., and L.M. Dill. 2000. Mortality, behavior and the effects of predators on the intertidal distribution of littorinid gastropods. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol.253: 165-191.
 76 Warner, R.R., and L.M. Dill. 2000. Courtship displays and coloration as indicators of safety rather than of male quality: the safety assurance hypothesis. Behav. Ecology. 11: 441-451.
 75 Grand, T.C., and L.M. Dill. 1999. The effect of group size on the foraging behaviour of juvenile coho salmon: reduction of predation risk or increased competititon? Animal Behav.58: 443-451.
 74 Dill, L.M., Hedrick, A.V., and A. Fraser. 1999. Male mating strategies under predation risk: do females call the shots? Behav. Ecol.10: 452-461.
 73 Grand, T.C. and L.M. Dill. 1999. Predation risk, unequal competitors and the ideal free distribution. Evol. Ecol.Res. 1: 389-409.
 72 Rochette, R., Maltais, M-J., Dill, L.M. and J.H. Himmelman. 1999. Inter-population and context- related differences in responses of a marine gastropod to predation risk. Anim. Behav. 57:977-987.
 71 Damsgard, B., and L.M. Dill. 1998. Risk-taking behaviour in weight-compensating coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch. Behav. Ecol. 9:26-32.
 70 Kats, L.B. and L.M. Dill.1998. The scent of death: chemosensory assessment of predation risk by prey animals. Ecoscience 5: 361-394.
 69 Houtman, R. and L.M. Dill. 1998. The influence of predation risk on diet selectivity: a theoretical analysis. Evol. Ecol. 12:251-262.
 68 Abrahams, M., and L.M. Dill. 1998. The value of titration experiments: a reply to Moody et al. (1996). Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 44: 147-148.
 67 Dill, L.M. and A.H.G. Fraser. 1997. The worm returns: hiding behavior of a tube-dwelling marine polychaete, Serpula vermicularis. Behav. Ecol. 8: 186-193.
 66 Sharpe, F.A., and L.M. Dill. 1997. The behaviour of Pacific herring schools in response to artificial humpback whale bubbles. Can. J. Zool. 75: 725-730.
 65 Grand, T.C. and L.M. Dill. 1997. The energetic equivalence of cover to juvenile coho salmon. (Oncorhynchus kisutch): ideal free distribution theory applied. Behav. Ecol. 8:437-447.
 64 Rochette, R., Dill, L.M. and J.H. Himmelman. 1997. A field test of threat sensitivity in a marine gastropod. Anim. Behav. 54: 1053-1062.
 63 Dill, L.M., Holling, C.S., and L.H. Palmer. 1997. Predicting the 3-dimensional structure of animal aggregations from functional considerations: the role of information. pp 207-224 in: "Animal Groups in Three Dimensions" (Parrish & Hamner, eds).Cambridge Univ. Press.
 62 Cowperthwaite, D.J., Coyle, M., Garncarz, D., Sharpe, F., Fracchia, F.D. and L.M. Dill. 1996. Visualizing the cooperative feeding behaviour of Alaskan humpback whales. IEEE, Visualization '96.
 61 Witt, D.M. and L.M. Dill. 1996. Springtail postmolt susceptibility to pseudoscorpion predation: mechanisms and implications. J. Insect. Behav. 9. 395-406.
 60 Baird, R.W. and L.M. Dill. 1996. Ecological and social determinants of group size in transient killer whales Orcinus orca. Behav. Ecol. 7:408-416.
 59 Martel, J.G. and L.M. Dill. 1995. Influence of movement by coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) parr on their detection by common mergansers (Mergus merganser). Ethology. 99: 139-149.
 58 Pocklington, R. and L.M. Dill. 1995. Predation on females or males: who pays for bright males traits? Anim. Behav. 49: 1122-1124.
 57 Baird, R.W. and L.M. Dill. 1995. Occurrence and behaviour of transient killer whales: seasonal and pod-specific variability, cooperative hunting and prey handling. Can. J. Zool. 73: 1300-1311.
 56 Houtman, R. and L.M. Dill. 1994. The influence of substrate color on the alarm response of tidepool sculpins (Oligocottus maculosus). Ethology 96: 147-154.
 55 Hugie, D.M. and L.M. Dill. 1994. Fish and game: a game theoretic approach to habitat selection by predators and prey. J. Fish Biol. 45 (Suppl. A): 151-169.
 54 Hedrick, A.V. and L.M. Dill. 1993. Mate choice by female crickets is influenced by predation risk. Anim. Behav. 46: 193-196.
 53 Martel, G. and L.M. Dill. 1993. Chemoreception, risk of predation, feeding and agonistic behaviours in juvenile coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 32: 365-370.
 52 Nonacs, P.N. and L.M. Dill. 1993. Is satisficing an alternative to optimal foraging theory? Oikos 67: 371-375.
 51 Baird, R.W., P.A. Abrams and L.M. Dill. 1992. Possible indirect interactions between transient and resident killer whales: implications for the evolution of foraging specializations in the genus Orcinus. Oecologia 89: 125-132.
 50 Nonacs, P.N. and L.M. Dill. 1991. Mortality risk vs food quality trade-offs in ants: patch use over time. Ecol. Entomol. 16: 73-80.
 49 Cartar, R.V. and L.M. Dill. 1991. Costs of energy shortfall for bumble bee colonies: predation, social parasitism, and brood development. Can. Ent. 123: 283-293.
 48 Dill, L.M. and J.F. Gillett. 1991. The economic logic of barnacle Balanus glandula (Darwin) hiding behaviour. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 153: 115-127.
 47 Dill, L.M., Fraser, A.H.G., and B.D. Roitberg. 1990. The economics of escape behaviour in the pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum. Oecologia 83: 474-478.
 46 Dill, L.M. 1990. Distance-to-cover and the escape decisions of an African cichlid fish, Melanochromis chipokae.Envir. Biol. Fishes 27: 147-152.
 45 Cartar, R.V. and L.M. Dill. 1990. Why are bumble bees risk-sensitive foragers? Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 26: 121-127.
 44 Lima, S.L. and L.M. Dill. 1990. Behavioural decisions made under the risk of predation: a review and prospectus. Can. J. Zool. 68: 619-640.
 43 Nonacs, P.N. and L.M. Dill. 1990. Mortality risk vs food quality trade-offs in a common currency: ant patch preferences. Ecology 71: 1886-1892.
 42 Hughes, N.F. and L.M. Dill. 1990. Position choice by drift-feeding salmonids: model and test for Arctic grayling (Thymallus arcticus) in subarctic mountain streams, Interior Alaska. Can. J. Fish Aquat. Sci. 47: 2039-2048.
 41 Cartar, R.V. and L.M. Dill. 1990. Colony energy requirements affect the foraging currency of bumble bees. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 27: 377-383.
 40 Dill, L.M. and R. Houtman. 1989. The influence of distance to refuge on flight initiation distance in the gray squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis). Can. J. Zool. 67: 233-235.
 39 Abbott, J.C. and L.M. Dill. 1989. The relative growth of dominant and subordinate juvenile steelhead trout (Salmo gairdneri) fed equal rations. Behaviour 108: 104-113.
 38 Abrahams, M.V. and L.M. Dill. 1989. A determination of the energetic equivalence of the risk of predation. Ecology 70: 999-1007.
 37 Nonacs, P.N. and L.M. Dill. 1988. Foraging response of the ant Lasius pallitarsis to food sources with associated mortality risk. Insectes Sociaux 35: 293-303.
 36 Lima, S.L., Wiebe, K.L., and L.M. Dill. 1987. Protective cover and the use of space by finches: is closer better? Oikos 50: 225-230.
 35 Dill, L.M. and R.C. Ydenberg. 1987. The group size-flight distance relationship in waterstriders (Gerris remigis). Can. J. Zool. 65: 223-226.
 34 Dill, L.M. 1987. Animal decision making and its ecological consequences: the future of aquatic ecology and behaviour. Can. J. Zool. 65: 803-811.
 33 Ydenberg, R.C. and L.M. Dill. 1986. The economics of fleeing from predators. Advances in the Study of Behaviour. 16: 229-249.
 32 Major, P.F., Dill, L.M., and D.M. Eaves. 1986. A computer simulation study of three-dimensional predator-prey interactions using grouped aircraft engines as predators and small flocking birds as prey. Can. J. Zool. 64: 2624-2633.
 31 Puckett, K.J. and L.M. Dill. 1985. The energetics of feeding territoriality in juvenile coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). Behaviour 92: 97-111.
 30 Abbott, J.C. and L.M. Dill. 1985. Patterns of aggressive attack in juvenile steelhead trout (Salmo gairdneri). Can. J. Fish Aquat. Sci. 42: 1702-1706.
 29 Donnelly, W.A. and L.M. Dill. 1984. Evidence for crypsis in coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum), parr: substrate color preference and achromatic reflectance. J. Fish Biol. 25: 183-195.
 28 Dunbrack, R.L. and L.M. Dill. 1984. Three-dimensional prey reaction field of the juvenile coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). Can. J. Fish Aquat. Sci. 41: 1176-1182.
 27 Puckett, K.J. and L.M. Dill. 1984. The cost of sustained and burst swimming to juvenile coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). Can. J. Fish Aquat. Sci. 41: 1546-1551.
 26 Dill, L.M. and A.H.G. Fraser. 1984. Risk of predation and the feeding behaviour of juvenile coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 16: 65-71.
 25 Dill, L.M. 1983. Adaptive flexibility in the foraging behaviour of fishes. Can. J. Fish Aquat. Sci. 40: 398-408.
 24 Dunbrack, R.L. and L.M. Dill. 1983. A model of size dependent surface feeding in a stream dwelling salmonid. Env. Biol. Fish 8: 203-216.
 23 Giguère, L.A. and L.M. Dill. 1983. Kinematic analysis of the trophic apparatus of larval Chaoborus trivittatus (Diptera: Chaoboridae). Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 76: 981-984.
 22 Giguère, L.A., Delage, A., Dill, L.M., and J. Gerritsen. 1982. Predicting encounter rates for zooplankton: a model assuming a cylindrical encounter field. Can. J. Fish Aquat. Sci. 39: 237-242.
 21 Dill, L.M., Ydenberg, R.C., and A.H.G. Fraser. 1981. Food abundance and territory size in juvenile coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). Can. J. Zool. 59: 1801-1809.
 20 Dill, L.M., Dunbrack, R.L., and P.F. Major. 1981. A new stereophotographic technique for analyzing the three-dimensional structure of fish schools. Env. Biol. Fish. 6: 7-13.
 19 Jacques, A.R. and L.M. Dill. 1980. Zebra spiders may use uncorrelated asymmetries to settle contests. Am. Nat. 116: 899-901.
 18 Giguère, L.A. and L.M. Dill. 1980. Seasonal patterns of vertical migration: a model for Chaoborus trivittatus. Pp. 112-128 In: W.C. Kerfoot (ed.) "Evolution and Ecology of Zooplankton Communities." Univ. Press of New England.
 17 Giguère, L.A. and L.M. Dill. 1979. The predatory response of Chaoborus larvae to acoustic stimuli, and the acoustic characteristics of their prey. Z. Tierpsychol. 50: 113-123.
 16 Dill, L.M. 1978. Aggressive distance in juvenile coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). Can. J. Zool. 56: 1441-1446.
 15 Major, P.F. and L.M. Dill. 1978. The three-dimensional structure of airborne bird flocks. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 4: 111-122.
 14 Dill, L.M. 1978. An energy-based model of optimal feeding-territory size. Theor. Pop. Biol. 14: 396-429.
 13 Dill, L.M. 1977. Refraction and the spitting behaviour of the archerfish (Toxotes chatareus). Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 2: 169-184.
 12 Dill, L.M. 1977. Handedness in the Pacific tree frog (Hyla regilla). Can. J. Zool. 55: 1926-1929.
 11 Holling, C.S., Dunbrack, R.L. and L.M. Dill. 1976. Predator size and prey size: presumed relationship in the mantid Hierodula coarctata Saussure. Can. J. Zool. 54: 1760-1764.
 10 Dill, L.M. 1975 a. Predatory behaviour of the zebra spider, Salticus scenicus (Araneae: Salticidae). Can. J. Zool. 53: 1284-1289.
 9 Dill, L.M. 1975b. Calculated risk-taking by predators as a factor in Batesian mimicry. Can. J. Zool. 53: 1614-1621.
 8 Dill, L.M. 1974a. The escape response of the zebra danio (Brachydanio rerio). I. The stimulus for escape. Anim. Behav. 22: 711-722.
 7 Dill, L.M. 1974b. The escape response of the zebra danio (Brachydanio rerio). II. The effect of experience. Anim. Behav. 22: 723-730.
 6 Dill, L.M. 1973. An avoidance learning submodel for general predation model. Oecologia 13: 291-312.
 5 Dill, L.M. 1972. Visual mechanism determining flight distance in zebra danios (Brachydanio rerio Pisces). Nature, New Biol. 236: 30-32.
 4 Dill, L.M. and T.G. Northcote. 1970a. Effects of some environmental factors on survival, condition, and timing of emergence of chum salmon fry (Oncorhynchus keta). J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 27: 196-201.
 3 Dill, L.M. and T.G. Northcote. 1970b. Effects of gravel size, egg depth, and egg density on intragravel movement and emergence of coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) alevins. J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 27: 1191-1199.
 2 Dill, L.M. 1969. The sub-gravel behaviour of Pacific Salmon larvae. Pp. 89-99. In: T.G. Northcote (ed.) "Symposium on Salmon and Trout in Streams.", Univ. of B.C., Vancouver.
 1 Dill, L.M. 1967. Studies on the early feeding of sockeye salmon alevins. Can. Fish Cult. 39: 23-34.
Other Publications
  Dill, L.M. 2012. Book review: Ecology and conservation of the sirenia: dugongs and manatees. Marine Biology Research, 8:10, 1036-1037.
  Dill, L.M. 2011. Impacts of salmon farms on Fraser River sockeye salmon: results of the Dill investigation. Cohen Commission Tech. Rept. 5D. 81p. Vancouver, B.C. www.cohencommission.ca/
  Dill, LM. 2010. Book review: "Fish Behavior" ed. By C. Magnhagen et al. Fisheries 35(2): 92.4
  Revie, C., Dill, L., Finstad, B., and C.D. Todd. 2009. "Salmon Aquaculture Dialogue Working Group Report on Sea Lice" commissioned by the Salmon Aquaculture Dialogue available at http://wwf.worldwildlife.org/site/PageNavigator/SalmonSOIForm
  Gray, SM, Dill, LM, Tantu, FY and JS McKinnon. 2006. The maintenance of male colour polymorphism in the telmatherinids of the Malili Lakes: implications for conservation. Pp 55-60 in PE Hehanusa et al. (eds). The Ecology and Limnology of the Malili Lakes. Proceedings of an International Symposium. PT Inco and LIPI Research Centre for Limnology, Indonesia.
  Dill, LM. 2003. Book Review; "Eat or be Eaten: Predator Sensitive Foraging among primates". ed. by L.E. Miller. Ethology 109: 783-784
  Dill, L.M. 2002. Book Review: "Model Systems in Behavioral Ecology" by L.A. Dugatkin. Q. Rev. Biol. 77: 361-362
  Dill, L.M. and P.F. Major. 1977. Spatial structure of bird flocks. NRC Associate Committee on Bird Hazards of Aircraft, Field Note No. 76, 49 pp.
  Dill, L.M. 1975. Behavioural genetics of the sidehill gouger. J. Irrep. Res. 21(4): 20-21 [Reprinted in "The Best of the Journal of Irreproducible Results"].
  Dill, L.M. 1970. The 1969 Fulton River Sockeye Fry Quality and Ecology Program: Summary of Results. Tech. Rept. 1970-14. Dept. of Fisheries of Canada. Vancouver, B.C. 42 pp.
  Dill, L.M. 1969a. Annotated Bibliography of the Salmonid Embryo and Alevin. Tech. Rept. Dept. of Fisheries of Canada. Vancouver, B.C. 190 pp.
  Dill, L.M. 1969b. Fulton River Fry Quality and Ecology Program: Report of 1968 studies. Tech. Rept. 1969-3. Dept. of Fisheries of Canada. Vancouver, B.C. 185 pp.