Cultural Heritage Tourism
[Prepared by Margaret Paridean, REM Graduate Student]
- ICOMOS Canada http://canada.icomos.org/.
The International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) is an
international non-governmental organization of professionals,
dedicated to the conservation of the world's historic monuments
and sites. ICOMOS provides a forum for professional dialogue and
a vehicle for the collection, evaluation, and dissemination of
information on conservation principles, techniques, and policies.
There are national committees around the world, each with their
own websites. The focus of ICOMOS Canada is to share, on an international
scale, information and expertise on cultural resources and preservation.
The website provides papers, articles, a monthly bulletin and
references for publications on heritage protection. It also provides
links to agencies that manage Canadian World Heritage Sites such
as Parks Canada. The main Canadian ICOMOS website is not as useful
as some other websites that are affiliated with ICOMOS Canada,
but which, unfortunately, are not directly linked. Some of the
sites, however, have links to the ICOMOS Canada website. These
include The Centre for Environmental Design Research and Outreach
affiliated with The University of Calgary and its Faculty of Environmental
Design, developed this website in conjunction with the ICOMOS
Canada Cultural Tourism Committee and the World Tourism and Education
Research Centre (WTERC). The web pages provide a resource for
those interested in cultural tourism, enabling them to link with
information and cultural tourism practitioners around the world.
The website provides broad-based cultural tourism resources and
the Index of ICOMOS Canada Momentum bulletins http://canada.icomos.org/bulletin/,
which contains over 30 Momentum bulletin articles offering very
relevant and in-depth information on theoretical and practical
aspects of cultural tourism.
- Culture and UNESCO http://www.unesco.int/culture/development/highlights/
decade/tourism/html_eng/index_en.htm. This website provides
an international scope on cultural tourism. The website's aim
is to work together with other agencies such as the World Tourism
Organisation, United Nations Development Programme and the World
Bank, to devise strategies to preserve cultural heritage while
promoting intercultural exchanges, thereby contributing to sustainable
economic, social and cultural development. Some joint projects
featured include "Silk Roads in Central Asia" and "Slave Routes".
The website also features internationally-accepted cultural tourism
principles and practices and many examples of these principles
in application. There are also web links to many of the international
organisations and agencies that are partnering in these cultural
- The World Heritage Newsletter http://www.unesco.org/whc/news/index-en.htm.
Although not linked to the UNESCO culture site, this website makes
available all 26 of UNESCO's World Heritage Newsletters from April
2000 to February 1993. Each newsletter is described with a table
of contents and has a direct link. Some topics of interest to
cultural and heritage tourism are: Conserving outstanding cultural
landscapes (June 1993); Canals and cultural routes (June 1995);
and Education & fostering awareness about heritage (March 1996).
- The National Assembly of State Arts Agencies (NASAA) http://www.nasaa-arts.org/new/nasaa/artworks/ct_contents.shtml.
The National Assembly of State Arts Agencies (NASAA) mission is
to advance and promote a meaningful role for the arts in the lives
of individuals, families and communities throughout the United
States. They empower state arts agencies through assistance that
fosters leadership, enhances planning and decision-making, and
increases resources. Although the emphasis is on the American
cultural tourism scene, there is some useful information relating
to the broader cultural tourism subject. Some examples include
definition of cultural tourism, cultural visitor profiles, examples
of state cultural tourism initiatives such as websites that target
North Carolina cultural travellers, The Virginia African-American
Heritage Trail and publications.
- Utah Heritage Tourism Toolkit http://history.utah.org/httoolkit/.
Community awareness and interest in expanding, preserving, and
managing heritage resources is growing around the world. The process
of cultural tourism development is often complex and takes time
and the proper tools. The Utah Division of State History Office
of Preservation has developed the Heritage Tourism Toolkit, which
is a package of practical tools that communities or groups can
use to develop, manage, and protect their cultural and heritage
resources. The toolkit is well organised, provides applicable
information for researchers and useful methods for tourism practitioners
from diverse jurisdictions.
- Canadian Tourism Commission (CTC) www.canadatourism.com.
The Canadian Tourism Commission offers a wealth of reference information
on a broad spectrum of tourism areas. A useful tool for the cultural
tourism researcher is the Reference Centre. Here one can search
the CTC Library Catalogue using a simple search or more detailed
search for a particular title. A keyword search using the terms
"cultural tourism" turned up 62 references with complete bibliographical
information. The publications are both Canadian and international,
and are published as recently as the year 2000. The documents
can be ordered through interlibrary loan.
- Australian Centre for Cultural and Media Policy (CMP) http://tkraken.itc.gu.edu.au/centre/cmp/los_4.html.
CMP is operated out of the School of Film, Media & Cultural Studies
at Griffith University in Brisbane, Australia. The Cultural Tourism
and Heritage Links page provides a wide array of online cultural
tourism resources. Although the emphasis is on the Australian
cultural heritage scene, the website offers publications and links
to related policy areas in other agencies, as well as links to
overseas cultural tourism agencies and online research documents.
Gateway Sites [Prepared by Michael Wong, SFU Graduate
- Griffith University http://www.gu.edu.au/centre/cmp/los_4.html
The Griffith University in Australia has an well-organised website
for cultural and heritage tourism for the Australia/New Zealand
region. In addition, this gateway offers links to various Art
& Culture Ministries located around the world, which include Japan,
Italy, Iceland, Greece, and Brazil. This page offers publications
on economic indicators of Australia, on-line books on cultural
tourism, and links to governmental agencies related to promoting
cultural tourism in Australia. Two links from this site include
the UNESCO World Heritage Center http://www.unesco.org/whc/nwhc/pages/
home/pages/homepage.htm which provides information on the
UNESCO convention and those countries participating in this important
pact that protects historical sites. One can find information
to world heritage sites by either subject topics or by geographical
regions. Some of the categories include natural, fossil, biosphere,
tropical, cultural and historic regions and The Organisation of
World Heritage Cities http://www.ovpm.org/main.asp
which consists of over 164 cities that are listed as heritage
urban areas. The purpose of this site is allow government administrator
access to information that will help maintain these world heritage
sites. Links to many of these 164 cities are found on the site
with information such as history, population and location. In
addition, many city links provide further connections to their
museums and cultural events.
- City University Arts Policy and Management Resources http://www.city.ac.uk/artspol/index.html
This comprehensive website is operated from the City University,
London England under the direction of Mr. Patrick Boylan. The
gateway has links to hundreds of website located in the UK and
around the world. Some of the highlights of this site include
links to governmental and intergovernmental agencies connected
to cultural tourism, international cultural non-governmental organisations,
information on international treaties and conventions related
to the cultural tourism. This site offers convenient connections
to cultural ministries located around the world, and contains
reviews of UK cultural tourism publication. Two interesting links
from this site include Virtual Library Museum http://vlmp.museophile.com/
which provides hundreds of link to museums world-wide and links
to museum related subjects. Some of the museums represented include
the country of Italy, Japan, Austria, Canada, Russia, Romania,
and countries from Africa and Latin America and Ministere de la
which is operated by the French Ministry of Culture and it provides
information on cultural news in France and throughout Europe.
One can also find the annual budget of the French Cultural Ministry,
calendar of cultural events in France, on-line cultural expositions,
databases, publications, and statistical figures related to cultural
tourism. This site is entirely in French.
- The Canadian Heritage Information Network http://www.chin.gc.ca/e_main_menu.html.
This internet site is operated by a Canadian federal agency and
it provides a gateway for cultural information within Canada.
Guests can access information to museums located within Canada
and social & archaeological museum artefacts. There is an online
forum that allows professionals in the field of cultural heritage
to share ideas and exchange information. Visitors to this site
can view an online virtual exposition and order various publications
related to Canadian heritage. Links from this site include Artefacts
where information is classified into three categories, namely,
humanities, archeological and natural sciences. In the humanities
section, there is information on archaeology, decorative & fine
arts, and history. The archaeological age contains material on
more than 70 thousand sites found in Canada and the natural science
page has information on approximately 28 thousand species and
the Canadian Heritage Publication http://www.chin.gc.ca/Resources/Publications/e_publications.html
which provides electronic access to on-line publications and allows
guest to order manuscripts related to heritage tourism. Additionally,
the webpage offers resources such as classification systems and
software for gallery and museum product.
- Website for the National Assembly of State Arts Agencies (NASAA).
This American site provides a definition of cultural tourism and
provides an overview of the industry. The site gives statistics
on cultural tourism in American by providing revenue, market share,
number of people employed in the field, the most popular activities
for American and international travellers, and provides current
trends in the industry . The site also describes cultural activities
that occur in the specific parts of the United States and provides
a calendar for cultural events. In addition, publications on various
tourism topics such as the US Department of Transport and Travel
Industry of America can be downloaded from the website. Links
from this site include the National Heritage Area http://www.ncrc.nps.gov/heritage/program.htm
which has been created by various levels of the American government
in an attempt to preserve unique cultural and natural landscapes
across America. Researchers can locate heritage sites on a virtual
map, obtain a contact list and view legislative citation on specific
landscapes in America. It also includes links to The National
Park Service - Links to the Past http://www.cr.nps.gov/
provided by the American National Parks Service provides links
to the past by offering information on cultural topics such as
archaeology, historic buildings & structures, general history,
and military history. In addition, it offers programs such as
American Indian Liaison Office, and Cultural Resource Diversity