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[ Readings]   

 

SYLLABUS

Summer 2017
[
Presentation du Cours]

Praxis: l'autre marxisme (College International de Philosophie)


En 1844, Marx Žcrit que Ç La philosophie ne peut tre rŽalisŽe sans la suppression du prolŽtariat, et le prolŽtariat ne peut tre supprimŽ sans la rŽalisation de la philosophie. È Adorno fera le commentaire suivant : Ç La philosophie, qui parut jadis dŽpassŽe, se maintient en vie parce que le moment de sa rŽalisation fut manquŽ. È Quel sens donner ˆ cet Žtrange concept de rŽalisation de la philosophie ? Je souhaite dans ce sŽminaire prŽsenter l’Žbauche d’une rŽponse ˆ cette question, rŽponse dont un dŽveloppement complet figure dans mon livre, La philosophie de la praxis (Lux Editeur).

Les quatre cours seront dŽdiŽs chacun ˆ un auteur, le jeune Marx, Luk‡cs, Adorno, et Marcuse. Le dŽveloppement de la philosophie de la praxis sera tracŽ chez ces auteurs. Les concepts clŽ d’ Ç aliŽnation, È Ç rŽification È, Ç pratique È, Ç metacritique È, Ç identitŽ È et Ç rationalitŽ technologique È seront examinŽs ˆ travers leur Žvolution dans la pensŽe des philosophes de la praxis.

4 Mai : Introduction ˆ la PensŽe Politique de Luk‡cs

5 Mai : "Anti-capitalisme romantique dans La theorie du roman de Lukacs" InvitŽ, Michael Lšwy

1 Juin : Adorno et Marcuse, Art et Culture de Masse

8 Juin : Marcuse : La Critique de la Raison Technologique

Spring 2016
[
Presentation du Cours]

La Philosophie japonaise face ˆ la RationalitŽ occidentale (College International de Philosophie)

La philosophie japonaise fut au carrefour de la pensŽe amŽricaine, europŽenne et bouddhiste pendant la pŽriode qui alla de la fin du 19me sicle jusqu'ˆ la deuxime guerre mondiale. La modernisation provoqua une crise ˆ laquelle les philosophes rŽpondirent avec une originalitŽ remarquable.

En 1942 le thme de la spŽcificitŽ culturelle japonaise a inspirŽ un colloque intitulŽ "DŽpasser la ModernitŽ". Le colloque rassemblait les tenants d'opinions trs variŽes, notamment des anti-rationalistes et des anti-occidentaux, mais aussi d'autres penseurs Žminents vouant un attachement plus tempŽrŽ ˆ la culture japonaise. Ces derniers affirmait que la culture japonaise est un ordre spirituel original et authentique, tout aussi capable que la culture occidentale de guider une civilisation moderne. Ils rejetaient par lˆ la prŽtention de la civilisation occidentale ˆ dŽfinir la modernitŽ pour l'espce humaine toute entire.

Dans ce contexte la culture occidentale signifie les formes spŽcifiques de rationalitŽs associŽes ˆ la science et ˆ la technologie moderne ; la synthse culturelle que les philosophes Japonais recherchaientt impliquait d'attacher ˆ cette rationalitŽ une signification nouvelle tirŽe de la tradition orientale.

'DŽpasser la modernitŽ' : cette idŽe anticipe Žtrangement le concept de Ç post-modernitŽ È et les tentatives ultŽrieures d'autres intellectuels non europŽens dans leurs luttes anti-impŽrialistes et qui les ont menŽs ˆ dŽclarer leur indŽpendance spirituelle par rapport aux sources europŽennes de leur modernitŽ. Que signifie pour nous ce dŽveloppement philosophique aujourd’hui maintenant que s’amorce la crise globale de la modernitŽ sans prŽcŽdent?  

Les sujets des quatre cours de ce sŽminaire sont :

I.  Bouddhisme et post-modernitŽ, de Suzuki ˆ Roland Barthes. April 11(Amphi Stourdze)

II. La philosophie de Nishida, premier philosophe original du Japon. April 18 (Amphi Stourdze)

III. L’esthŽtique japonaise contre la rationalitŽ occidentale, Kuki, Tanizaki et Kawabata. May 9 (Salle Maurice Allais)

IV. Watsuji  et la gŽographie philosophique, l’influence de Heidegger. May 23 (Amphi Stourdze)


6:30-8:30 pm

Ministre de l’Enseignement supŽrieur et de la Recherche, 25 rue de la Montagne Sainte Genevive, 75005 Paris, Salle


Fall 2015

857 Syllabus
[Readings]
CMNS 857: Philosophy and Sociology of Technology

This course will introduce philosophy and sociology of technology through major texts in the Continental tradition, and recent approaches to technology studies in the social sciences. We will begin with the philosophical work of Heidegger and his student Marcuse. Heidegger proposed the now classic theory of the “enframing,” the most sophisticated version of the idea of the domination of human beings by their own technology. Marcuse’s neo-Marxist theory has some similarities to Heidegger’s, however, he opens up the possibility of a radical transformation of technology. Habermas tried to reformulate Critical Theory as a radical liberal-democratic approach. These radical critiques of technology appear outdated to Lyotard, the chief philosopher behind the “postmodern” movement. We will next discuss a book by Don Ihde on the phenomenology of technology. The approach here is less critical and emphasizes the everyday experience of technology in its cultural aspect. The contributions of recent science and technology studies are represented by articles by Pinch and Bijker, Latour, and case studies by Collins and Pinch. The constructivist approach is non-determinist and focuses on the empirical study of cases. We will then read my recent collection with Norm Friesen that applies an approach I call “critical constructivism” to the Internet, followed by the presentation of a similar method in a book by Maria Bakardjieva. We will conclude with chapters from my forthcoming book on philosophy of technology.
[Full Syllabus] [Readings]

Spring 2015

Programme
[Lectures de cours]

SŽminare: La technique et les valeurs 
(l’ƒcole normale supŽrieure)
Quelle est la relation entre la technique et les valeurs ? Cette question est ˆ l’arrire-plan de la politique de la technique. Peut-on espŽrer changer la technique pour la rendre conforme ˆ nos valeurs ou faut-il nous conformer ˆ ses impŽratives ? Cette dernire vue a prŽvalu jusqu'ˆ rŽcemment et a justifiŽ une mentalitŽ technocratique qui prŽdomine encore maintenant dans les entreprises et les gouvernements. Mais des luttes politiques rŽcentes semblent la rŽfuter. L’Žcologie commence ˆ forcer la technique ˆ se conformer ˆ nos valeurs. Cette question s’implique dans un vieux problme philosophique, le problme de la relation entre les faits et les valeurs. David Hume nous dit que Ç devoir È ne peut pas tre dŽrivŽ de Ç tre È. Aucun nombre de faits ne peut Žtablir une valeur.
Bien que Kant pens‰t que certaines valeurs pouvaient tre dŽrivŽes du fait que les hommes sont rationnels, d’autres philosophes ont conclu que les valeurs ne sont que des prŽfŽrences qui ne sont pas basŽes dans la rŽalitŽ. Aucune des deux thŽories trouva une connexion entre les valeurs et les faits. Ce dŽbat continue indŽfiniment et semble incapable de rŽsoudre le dilemme. Par contre, il s’avre que la technique est constituŽe de faits qui incorporent des valeurs. Contester les valeurs incorporŽes dans la technique peut entra”ner de nouveaux faits. Le problme posŽ par ce sŽminaire reste ouvert. [Programme] [Lectures de cours]

Fall 2014

857 Syllabus

CMNS 857: Seminar in Frankfurt School Critical Theory
This course introduces Frankfurt School Critical Theory through the writings of Benjamin, Horkheimer, Adorno, Marcuse, and Habermas. The course also includes background readings in Marx and Luk‡cs. The course presupposes some knowledge of Marx’s work and the philosophical tradition. A minimal acquaintance with Marx and with modern philosophy (Descartes to Kant) will be very helpful. I will lecture on the philosophical background and the more difficult texts. [Full Syllabus]

Fall 2010

857 Syllabus

CMNS 857: Philosophy of Technology
This course will introduce philosophy of technology through literature, major texts in the Continental tradition, and recent approaches to technology studies in the social sciences.  We will begin with Aldous Huxley’s famous novel Brave New World which lays out in narrative form the dystopian terms of 20th Century technology critique. The domination of man by machine is the theme. A dystopian logic of technology underlies the philosophical work of Heidegger and his student Marcuse. Marcuse’s theory, however, opens up the possibility of a radical transformation of technology. With Habermas we have a very different attempt to come to terms with the existing technology by limiting its reach. The contributions of recent science and technology studies are represented here by articles by Pinch and Bijker and Latour, and a collection of case studies by Collins and Pinch. The constructivist approach is non-determinist and focuses on empirical study of cases. We will then read my recent book which draws on all these sources to present an approach I call “critical constructivism.” We will conclude with the contents of a special section of the Information Society Journal in which several authors apply critical constructivism to the study of information technology. [Full Syllabus]

Fall 2007

488 Syllabus

CMNS 488: Seminar in Frankfurt School Critical Theory
This course introduces Frankfurt School Critical Theory through the writings of Benjamin, Horkheimer, Adorno, Marcuse, and Habermas. The course also includes background readings in Marx and Luk‡cs. The course presupposes some knowledge of Marx’s work and the philosophical tradition. If you do not know Marx, at the very least read Marx and Engels' Communist Manifesto carefully to get an idea what you’ve been missing. A minimal acquaintance with modern philosophy (Descartes to Kant) will be very helpful. I will lecture on the philosophical background and the more difficult texts. [Full Syllabus]

Fall 2006

857 Syllabus
CMNS 857: Philosophy of Technology
This course will introduce philosophy of technology through literature, major texts in the Continental tradition, and recent approaches to technology studies in the social sciences. We will begin with Aldous Huxley’s famous novel Brave New World which lays out in narrative form the dystopian terms of 20th Century technology critique. The domination of man by machine is the theme. A dystopian logic of technology underlies the philosophical work of Heidegger and his student Marcuse. Marcuse’s theory, however, opens up the possibility of a radical transformation of technology. With Habermas we have a very different attempt to come to terms with the existing technology by limiting its reach. Foucault approaches similar issues of science and technology based domination from a more empirical standpoint. He relates the acquisition of social knowledge to the exercise of power through procedures and devices. His work will help us to interpret the contributions of recent science and technology studies, represented here by Pinch and Bijker and Latour. We will conclude with my own book which draws on all these sources to present an approach I call “critical constructivism.” [Full Syllabus]
Winter 2006

858 Syllabus
CMNS 858: Alternative Modernity
This course will consider the possibility of alternative modernities from the standpoint of a critical constructivist approach to technology studies. We will challenge deterministic theories of modernization and convergence of all advanced societies by examining a variety of theoretical and cultural works. Constructivist technology studies shows the influence of values on design in the case of many particular devices. In this course we will attempt to go beyond case histories to consider the larger context in which modernities are understood and developed. This approach opens up the field of research very widely. The materials of the course are extremely diverse and will challenge the students to learn about everything from medical ethics to Japanese history, Critical Theory to French postmodernism. [Full Syllabus]
Spring 2003

555 Syllabus
Philosophy of Technology
This course will introduce philosophy of technology through literature, major texts in the Continental tradition, and recent approaches to technology studies. [Full Syllabus]
Fall 1999

333 Syllabus

Philosophy of Technology
Industrial society is an experiment with a brief past and an uncertain future. Other forms of human society--tribal and feudal societies--have proven their ability to survive over thousands of years. Our society is the first to base itself on artificial sources of power and mechanical means of production. In less than two centuries, this new form of society has transformed the globe and made the human race capable of realizing its highest ideals but also powerful enough to destroy itself. [Full Syllabus]

506 Syllabus Phil. 506
This is a course on 20th century existentialism, Critical Theory, and postmodernism. The main philosophers covered include Heidegger, Lukacs, Adorno and Horkheimer, Habermas and Foucault. The theme is the response to the crisis of scientific-technical rationalism and the breakdown of traditional concepts of individuality and history. This response at first takes the form of attempts to create "concrete" philosophies that focus on the personal and socio-historical dimensions of human life. The century is ending with new developments related to the turn to language through communication theory or linguistics. [Full Syllabus]



See also: Intensive Course at Tsinghua University. More information on the course: [Word doc]