AAA active transportation network: Continuous and connected street infrastructure, including physically separated bike lanes as well as shared roadways and multi-use trails, that supports “All Ages and Abilities” in walking and cycling to common everyday destinations. The City of Victoria is building a network of safe connected bicycle routes across the entire city to support and encourage more people who live, work, play and visit Victoria to ride bikes.

bicycle infrastructure: Roads, pathways and urban landscape features designed to. This includes the full spectrum of traffic calming features as well as buffers designed to separate and protect bicyclists from motor vehicles including but not limited to paint, to raised curbs to intersection features. Bicycle infrastructure types include residential bikeways, off-street paths, on-street painted lanes, and cycle tracks.

cycle track: A paved path next to a city street, separated by a curb or barrier.

on-street painted bike lanesA marked bike lane on the street, with or without parked cars.

off-street pathsAn off-street paved path, either bike only or shared with pedestrians.

residential bikeway: Designated bicycle route with signs, cyclist activated traffic signals/traffic calming.

GIS: Geographic Information Systems are designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present spatial or geographic data.

health impacts: Includes measures of physical activity in recreation/leisure, transportation and work activities (comparing to the 150 min/week Canadian guideline); self-reported health and mobility; crash, falls and other safety incidents relating to bicyclists on the roadway.

spatial equity impacts: Changes in real and perceived geographic and logistical access to bicycling infrastructure by neighbourhood deprivation (average income). Our team’s focus will not be social or economic access.

mid-sized city: An urban or population centre with a population of 50,000 to 500, 000. In Canada this includes about a third of all cities (approximately 55 of 155 cities) and ~8.3 million of the 35 million total population.