Stuckenberger, A. Nicole (2006) Sociality, temporality and locality in a contemporary Inuit community, Études/Inuit/Studies 30(2): 95-111
Keywords: camp life, Qikiqtarjuaq (Broughton Island), resettlement, seasonal patterns of activity, sociality, violence
With the introduction of permanent settlements constructed by the Canadian government in the 1960s, the size of Inuit communities dramatically increased. The new living conditions discouraged Inuit from moving between settlements and replaced nomadic Inuit camps with permanent residences, which offered direct access to public services, education, healthcare, and church facilities. At the time of Stuckenberger’s study, Qikiqtarjuaq had approximately 500 Inuit and 15 Qallunaat (white) residents. Most Inuit perceived that living in the community provided them with benefits, such as housing, supermarkets, school, and healthcare. However, the settlement is also associated with detrimental effects on individual well-being, such as substance abuse and domestic violence. Stuckenberger suggests these issues may be due to the composition of the settlement, which brought various camps together, that may have preferred to be kept at a distance.
Regarding winter camp life, some members expressed their delight in concentrating on their families, living off the land, and forgetting about settlement life. Cooperation and sharing of food involved all camp members. The Inuit believe is that each person is connected to the land, seasons, animals, people, and the spirit world in their own way. Each member's relevant relationships are
However, in family-based summer