Spring 2022 - BPK 201 D100

Biomechanics (3)

Class Number: 3345

Delivery Method: In Person


  • Course Times + Location:

    Tu 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
    WMC 3260, Burnaby

    Fr 12:30 PM – 1:20 PM
    WMC 3520, Burnaby

  • Exam Times + Location:

    Apr 19, 2022
    8:30 AM – 11:30 AM
    AQ 3181, Burnaby

  • Prerequisites:

    MATH 150, 151 or 154, MATH 152 or 155 (may be taken concurrently), PHYS 101 (or 120 or 125 or 140), BPK 142.



This course will cover the application of basic mechanics to human movement. It will provide students with a basic understanding of how forces act on body segments and how movements are produced. The subject matter of this course is relevant to quantifying all forms of physical activity, from activities of daily living, physically challenged movement patterns, to elite athletic performance. It also has applications in medical settings, including rehabilitation and sports medicine. Quantitative.


BPK 201 applies the principles of Newtonian mechanics to analyze human movement. The course examines the forces that are generated in muscles and joints to support external loads and produce movements. The subject matter of the course is relevant to quantifying all forms of physical activity, including activities of daily living, athletic performance, and physically challenged movement patterns. The course will draw on numerous examples relevant to rehabilitation, sports medicine and orthopaedics. This course is designated quantitative.

There are 3 hours of lecture per week and one 50-minute tutorial per week.

The course consists of six main units:

Unit 1 Biomechanical Forces & Moments
Unit 2 Biomechanical Systems & their Inertial Properties
Unit 3 Forward Dynamics, Inverse Dynamics & System Identification
Unit 4 Motion
Unit 5 Balance & Stability
Unit 6 Energy, Work, Power & Efficiency


Student Learning Outcomes for BPK 201 (I) Introduces (E) Emphasizes (R) Reinforces (A) Applies

Learning outcomes: at the end of the course, students will be able to:

  1. Apply biomechanical principles to solve quantitative and qualitative problems. (I)(R) (TE) (IC) (A)
  2. Correctly apply free body diagrams to isolate mechanical systems and solve for joint torques and forces
  3. Understand the inertial properties of body segments for linear and angular movement these systems, and correctly draw free body diagrams. (I) (TE) (IC) (A)
  4. Apply biomechanical principles to the whole body and/or individual components to construct biomechanical models of human systems. (I) (TE) (IC) (A)
  5. Explain the function of biomechanical equipment and devices, including motion capture and force plates. (I) (TE) (IC) (A)
  6. Quantify human motion, including linear and angular kinematics. (I)(R) (TE) (IC) (A)
  7. Understand how muscle forces stabilize joints against external loads. (I)(R) (TE) (IC) (A)
  8. Describe the principle of balance and stability, particularly in human standing and walking. (I)(R) (TE) (IC) (A)
  9. Describe the concepts and equations of static and dynamic equilibrium, and the application of inverse and forward dynamics models for estimating joint loads and for system identification. (I)(R) (TE) (IC) (A)
  10. Explain how muscle, bone, cartilage and tendon are designed to meet the mechanical demands of daily activities and how they respond to trauma. (I) (TE) (IC) (A)
  11. Describe how muscle generate force and perform work. (I)(R) (TE) (IC) (A
  12. Explain applications of biomechanics in exercise and athletics, rehabilitation, injury prevention, sports medicine and orthopaedics. (I) (TE) (IC) (A)

Assessment Method:

(TE) Theory exams are a mix of quantitative problem solving, short answer questions, multiple choice and fill in the blanks (one midterm and final)
(IC) Quizzes on lecture material are short answers, fill in the blanks, and multiple choice.
(A) Assignments are mostly formal problems requiring quantitative solutions, which are completed independently. Assignments will also have components related to updates on progress in the term projects


  • Quizzes 15%
  • Tutorials 0%
  • Midterm exam (x2) 40%
  • Assignments (3 x 5%) 15%
  • Final exam 30%


Penalties for Missed Deadlines

There will be no extensions on deadlines for assignments, except for extenuating medical circumstances and/or family emergencies. Please plan in advance to ensure you meet the deadlines. A penalty of 20% per day will be deducted for each day an assignment is late.

A missed exam can only be rewritten if the instructor is notified before the exam would be written and if medical evidence of inability to write is presented. Excused absence from the midterm may require a make-up exam, or heavier weighting of scores on the assignments and the final exam, at the discretion of the instructor.

If you are unable to make a deadline or attend an exam, please complete the SFU Health Care Provider Statement.

Missed Exams:

Students who miss examinations due to exceptional circumstances (such as serious illness or compassionate reasons) are required to obtain a physician's certificate, whereby the physician states that you were unable to write your midterm or final on the set date due to a medical condition beyond your control, or other supporting documents in order to obtain consideration in the course. Such documents must be filed with the Department Chair (via the Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology office) or Registrar within four calendar days of the date on which the examination was to have been written. Exceptional circumstances must be approved by the Undergraduate Program Committee in order for a student to receive consideration. Students must check the examination schedule when making course selections. Students are reminded that final examinations may be scheduled at any time during the examination period and that students should avoid making travel or employment arrangements for this period. In the event of a missed midterm or final examination the instructors reserve the right to give an oral examination of the material. Approximate midterm dates are provided, but may be subject to change.


BPK Grading Policy:

For more information on the department's grading policy & guidelines go to: http://www.sfu.ca/bpk/undergrad_program/faqs.html

Due to COVID19, guidelines regarding late assignments and missed exams will be updated according to the Department guidelines.



Reference textbook:

Özkaya N, Leger D, Goldsheyder D, Nordin M: Fundamentals of Biomechanics Equilibrium, Motion, and Deformation. 4th edition, 2017. ISBN: 3319447386. NOTE: This textbook is available online for SFU students at: https://link-springer-com.proxy.lib.sfu.ca/content/pdf/10.1007%2F978-3-319-44738-4.pdf

Department Undergraduate Notes:

It is the responsibility of the student to keep their BPK course outlines if they plan on furthering their education.

Registrar Notes:


SFU’s Academic Integrity web site http://www.sfu.ca/students/academicintegrity.html is filled with information on what is meant by academic dishonesty, where you can find resources to help with your studies and the consequences of cheating.  Check out the site for more information and videos that help explain the issues in plain English.

Each student is responsible for his or her conduct as it affects the University community.  Academic dishonesty, in whatever form, is ultimately destructive of the values of the University. Furthermore, it is unfair and discouraging to the majority of students who pursue their studies honestly. Scholarly integrity is required of all members of the University. http://www.sfu.ca/policies/gazette/student/s10-01.html


Teaching at SFU in spring 2022 will involve primarily in-person instruction, with safety plans in place.  Some courses will still be offered through remote methods, and if so, this will be clearly identified in the schedule of classes.  You will also know at enrollment whether remote course components will be “live” (synchronous) or at your own pace (asynchronous).

Enrolling in a course acknowledges that you are able to attend in whatever format is required.  You should not enroll in a course that is in-person if you are not able to return to campus, and should be aware that remote study may entail different modes of learning, interaction with your instructor, and ways of getting feedback on your work than may be the case for in-person classes.

Students with hidden or visible disabilities who may need class or exam accommodations, including in the context of remote learning, are advised to register with the SFU Centre for Accessible Learning (caladmin@sfu.ca or 778-782-3112) as early as possible in order to prepare for the spring 2022 term.