JUNO, Roman Goddess, protector of children, was said to strengthen their bones.

The Juvenile Osteology Group - JUNO, focuses broadly on studying the interactions between the juvenile human skeleton and its genetic and ontogenetic environment, encompassing all biocultural processes and responses in life, death and after death, to better understand and explain past events and change at the individual or population level. This includes clarifying the complex interconnections between culture, identity, nutrition, socioeconomic status or climate and life-history transitions, injury, disease patterns or taphonomic processes inscribed in children’s bones and teeth, recovered from forensic, archaeological or paleontological contexts. The team is working on the following broad topics:

  • The ontogenetic environment for dental and skeletal growth, applied to the development of theory and methods of osteological analysis in bioarchaeology and forensics.
  • Growth, stress and disease patterns observed in children from archaeological populations, which a focus on  the transition to and from the Islamic occupation period in Iberia.
  • Issues with diagnosing and interpreting child trauma from archaeological and forensic contexts.
  • Taphonomic and post-mortem aspects of immature bone.


JUNO group - 2022

From left to right, Hugo Cardoso, Elena Sierra, Cathy Tran, Nicola Murray, Carmen Kors, Julia Meyers, Marianna Cervantes (plus Katherine Nichols, Deanna Smith and Tabasom Ilkhan - not shown). - meet everyone here.


JUNO group - 2021

From left to right, Hugo Cardoso, Julia Meyers, Deanna Smith, Jennifer Austen, Marianna Cervantes, Elena Sierra (plus Katherine Nichols, Carmen Kors, Cathy Tran, Rory Doucette - not shown).

JUNO group - 2020

From top left to bottom right, Ellie Gooderham, Hugo Cardoso, Charlotte Primeau, Carmen Kors, Julia Meyers, Megan Duncan, Deanna Smith, Marianna Cervantes, Elena Sierra (plus Katherine Nichols and Chantelle Foster - not shown).

JUNO group - 2019

From left to right, Hugo Cardoso, Ellie Gooderham, Deanna Smith, Julia Meyers, Marianna Cervantes, Megan Duncan, Laure Spake, Kim Figura (plus Luisa Marinho, Katherine Nichols and Derek O'Neill - not shown).

JUNO group - 2018

From left to right, Kim Figura, Luisa Marinho, Julia Meyers, Sarah Shaver, Ellie Gooderham, Laure Spake, Harman Nahal, Hugo Cardoso (plus Katherine Nichols and Derek O'Neill - not shown).

JUNO group - 2017

From left to right, Hugo Cardoso, Katherine Nichols, Shera Fisk, Julia Meyers, Ellie Gooderham, Derek O'Neil, Luisa Marinho, Harman Nahal, Laure Spake, Madeleine Lamer.


JUNO group - 2016

From left to right, Shera Fisk, Derek O'Neill, Ellie Gooderham, Luisa Marinho, Hugo Cardoso, Laure Spake (plus Greer Vanderbyl and Jennifer Halliday - not shown).