PICS-SFU RESEARCH

The Pacific Institute for Climate Solutions (PICS) supports climate change--‐related research across an extremely wide spectrum of disciplines, ranging from human psychology and the power of language through economics to clean technology development. The overall goal is to support solutions--‐oriented research on climate change that is relevant to BC. Over three dozen research projects have been, or are being, directly supported by PICS through a formal granting procedure that commenced in late 2009.

PICS research projects are typically:

  • interdisciplinary, cutting across the range of disciplines required to address particular projects
  • policy--‐relevant, contributing directly to the articulation of solutions
  • based on partnerships with the public, private and civil society sectors

 

Current Research Direction

 Current research initiatives include five major policy-relevant projects (the “Big Five”) developed under Phase II of the Strategic Research Plan, plus several dozen graduate and post-doctoral fellowships and 10 employment internships each year.

PICS Strategic Research Plan: Phase II

SFU researchers involved in this project are Dr. Nancy Olewiler (PI) and Dr. Diana Allen.

SFU researchers involved in this project are Dr. Jonn Axsen, Dr. Erik Kjeang and Dr. Elicia Maine.

SFU researchers involved in this project are Dr. Mark Jaccard, Dr. Robert Woodbury and Dr. Lyn Bartram.

Dr. Ken Lertzman is a member of the advisory team for this project.

 

Special Project

Opportunities for waterborne disease prevention with extreme precipitation events

Tim K. Takaro, MD, MPH, MS.  Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University

Researchers are working with public health agencies and scientists to identify mechanisms for preventing waterborne diseases arising from extreme precipitation events that affect Metro Vancouver municipal water systems. For example, water system funders could prioritize which watersheds to focus filtration or other infrastructure in advance of increased stress on the systems.

The past PICS Strategic Research Plan: Phase I was based on questions arising from these workshops.

Simon Fraser University (SFU) researchers are involved in 11 of 34 PICS climate change research projects (Phase I) reaching a total of $819,064 dollars in funding.

Next Steps on B.C.’s Carbon Tax: Assessing Alternatives and Searching for Common Ground.

Co-led by professor Mark Jaccard, Energy and Materials Research Group in the School of Resource and Environmental Management (REM), Faculty of Environment. This project will explore the design of alternative carbon tax policies for post-2012 through a mix of interviews, polling and economic modeling. This research will help decision-makers determine the trade-offs between different policy design issues and prepare a post-2012 carbon tax policy schedule that will effectively balance environmental, economic and social goals. 

Report

Community Energy and Emissions Simulation Model.

Co-led by Chris Bataille, an adjunct professor in the School of REM, this project will develop a user-friendly computer model to facilitate energy and emissions planning by local governments. The goal is to build local governments’ capacity to reduce green house gas emissions and contribute to a sustainable energy future.

Link to report and CIMS model

Toward Sustainable Communities: The Living Edition.

Co-led by Mark Roseland, director of SFU’s Centre for Sustainable Community Development, this project update Roseland’s very successful, made-in-Canada resource guide for communities seeking sustainability. Toward Sustainable Communities, released in June 2012, traces the rapid growth of sustainability over the last two decades and set the stage for future sustainable community development.   The book is conceptually and practically linked to Pando | Sustainable Communities (pando.sc), a multilingual online network designed to promote knowledge-sharing and collaboration among sustainable communities researchers and practitioners.

Sustainable Communities Research Network.

Completed in 2012, this project - led by Mark Roseland - enabled SFU's Centre for Sustainable Community Development to design and launch Pando | Sustainable Communities, a multilingual online network that facilitates connection, collaboration and knowledge-sharing among sustainable communities researchers in academia and practitioners in government, NGOs and private-sector organizations. Designed for a user base of planners, local government staff, elected officials, consultants, developers, professors, and students in graduate and doctoral programs, Pando allows members to create profiles, engage in forum discussions, share resources and learning, post events, make new professional connections, organize meetings, and receive customized content. The network promises to stimulate interdisciplinary thinking, more relevant community-based sustainability research, and speedier dissemination of good ideas. It was officially unveiled in Brazil to a global researcher/practitioner community at events surrounding the Rio+20 Earth Summit.

Visit Pando | Sustainable Communities (pando.sc)

Place-Based Policy Making and Community Resilience-Building for Climate Change.

Political science professor Michael Howlett lead this collaborative project, involving academics nationwide and federal government departments. This project evaluated the capacity of local governments and communities to participate in multi-level government climate change decision-making and to implement high-quality evidence-based or place-based policy initiatives.

Report

Research in Partnerships with other Institutions

Greenest City Conversations Project.

Greenest City Conversations (GCC) is a multi-partner research project aimed at fostering and evaluating public engagement on sustainability policies. Its two goals are (1) to create discussion and analyze public attitudes towards sustainability policies; and (2) to assess the impacts of different modes of public engagement including digital media, scenario visualization, mobile applications, tabletop games, and art performances.

Project team: University of British Columbia, Simon Fraser University, City of Vancouver

Report

Outreach: Plublic Lecture "Engaging with Greenest City Conversations"

A day in my carbon neutral life

What we can do as individuals to reduce our carbon footprint can be significantly limited by the world we live in — for example, where we can afford to live, how the goods we buy are produced and what transportation systems exist. Through a reality-TV style multimedia production, this project will explore the changes needed to get there. This project – which profiles real BC families from different income, cultural and geographic backgrounds — will help demystify the changes needed in how we live, work, play and move around, if BC is to become carbon neutral.

Project Team: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, University of British Columbia, Simon Fraser University, David Suzuki Foundation, Pembina Institute, SAP Canada, BC Healthy Communities, Vancity

Product: The Good Life, The Green Life video

Outreach: Public Lecture "The Good Life, The Green Life"

Assessing the Potential Aquatic Habitat Value of Streams Responding to a Changing Climate.

This project will produce numerical models predicting the impacts of climate change on potential fish habitat in BC streams, based on forecast changes in stream flow and sediment supply. The findings will be used to determine the best model for use by decision-makers trying to protect fish stocks. If the pilot study is successful, researchers will develop a generic version of the model that is applicable to a wider range of BC stream types and fish species.

Project team: University of British Columbia, Simon Fraser University, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, BC Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations

Report

The Alouette River basin: the developing urban fringe at the interface with protected landscapes in coastal British Columbia and consequences for ecosystem resilience.

As temperatures warm, summer precipitation declines, and human demands for water increase, periods of water shortage are likely. This project will use long-term flow data from an urban and agricultural watershed to examine how changes in hydrology might affect water supplies to freshwater ecosystems downstream, and how different uses of water by humans (e.g. wells, diversions, legal and illegal withdrawals) might impact the fish and other species living in and alongside water.

Project team: University of British Columbia, Simon Fraser University

Report

Climate and ecosystem dynamics on southern Vancouver Island and the Gulf Islands: A historical perspective on strategies for restoration, management, and population recovery Garry oak is BC's only native oak.

Three major factors causing its decline are fire suppression, deer browsing, and climate change, along with related stressors such as invasive species. This project involves "on-the-ground" research using prescribed fire and deer exclosures, as well monitoring ecosystem change due to climate change. Understanding how these factors interact will help restore and maintain Garry oak ecosystems.

Project team: University of Victoria, Simon Fraser University, University of British Columbia, University of Guelph, University of Sherbrooke, Parks Canada

Publications:

Pellatt, M. & Gedalof, Z. 2014. Environmental change in Garry oak (Quercus garryana) ecosystems: the evolution of an eco-cultural landscape.

McCune, J. & Pellatt, M. 2013. Phytoliths of Southeastern Vancouver Island, Canada, and their potential use to reconstruct shifting boundaries between Douglas-fir forest and oak savannah.

Meeting the climate change challenge: community responses to BC climate policy.

British Columbia is at the forefront of innovative climate policies, such as the carbon tax and the requirement for all public sector organizations to be carbon neutral. Meeting the Climate Change Challenge (MC3) is partnering with BC municipalities, regional districts and First Nations communities to identify and investigate innovative municipal approaches to provincial climate policy and document best practices, as well as encourage knowledge exchange and mobilization between communities in order to encourage other jurisdictions across North America to develop active climate policy regimes. For more information, visit http://www.mc-3.ca/.

Project team: Royal Roads University, University of British Columbia, Simon Fraser University

Outreach: Public Lecture "Meeting the Climate Change Challenge"