At the Wilderness Edge: The Rise of the Anti-Development Movement on British Columbia’s Southwest Coast.
McGill-Queen's University Press, January 2019.
A native of Quebec, I received my graduate degrees from the Universities of New Brunswick and Ottawa, and arrived at SFU in 1976. I retired from the History Department in 2015 and now live on Salt Spring Island.
Currently working on a book tentatively titled Farm, Forest, and Family: The Daily Life of Henry Trent, 1842-98.
At the Wilderness Edge: The Rise of the Anti-Development Movement on British Columbia’s Southwest Coast.
Fashioning the Canadian Landscape: Essays on Travel Writing, Tourism and National Identity in the Pre-Automobile Era.
University of Toronto Press, 2018.
"The History of Tourism in Canada," special online edition of "Histoire Sociale - Social History," 99 (June 2016)
Histoire sociale - Social History, Volume XLIX, no 99
Une Histoire du Québec : entre tradition et modernité
Montreal: Hurtubise, 2015
Patrician Liberal: The Public and Private Life of Sir Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, 1829-1908
Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2013
An Illustrated History of Quebec: Tradition and Modernity
Don Mills: Oxford University Press, 2012
Loyalties in Conflict: A Canadian Borderland in War and Rebellion, 1812-1840
Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2008
The Other Quebec: Microhistorical Essays on Nineteenth-Century Religion and Society
Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2006
Borderland Religion: The Emergence of an English Canadian Identity, 1792-1852
Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2004
Love Strong as Death: Lucy Peel's Canadian Journal, 1833-36
Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2001
State and Society in Transition: The Politics of Institutional Reform in the Eastern Townships, 1838-1852
Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1997
Crofters and Habitants: Settler Society, Economy and Culture in a Quebec Township, 1848-81
Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1991
Nationalism, Capitalism, and Colonization in Nineteenth-Century Quebec: The Upper St. Francis District
Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1989
- “Courting the First Nations Vote: Ontario’s Grand River Reserve and the Electoral Franchise Act of 1885,” Journal of Canadian Studies 52, no. 2 (Spring 2018): 538-69.
- “Picnics and Politics: Expanding Ontario’s Public Sphere during the Late Victorian Era,” Histoire sociale - Social History 51, no. 103 (May 2018): 27-46.
- “Harnessing (and Yoking) Ox Power in Canada: A Historical Overview,” Material Culture Review, 85 (Spring 2017).
- “The Tourism/Ecology/Heritage Triangle: Developing Bowen Island’s Crippen Regional Park, 1981-2005,” BC Studies, 194 (Summer 2017): 119-48.
- “L'affaire Coffin/Hébert: justice, politique et liberté de presse au Québec, 1953-1966,” Bulletin d'histoire politique, 25, no. 1 (Autumn 2016): 113-50.
- “A History of Oxen and Horse Power in Rural Canada,” in Ruth Sandwell, ed., Powering Up: Essays on the History of Heat, Light, and Work from 1600,” McGill-Queen's University Press, 2016.
- “Views from the Deck: Union Steamship Cruises on Canada’s Pacific Coast, 1889-1958,” in Ben Bradley, Colin Coates, and Jay Young, eds, Moving Natures Mobility and Environment in Canadian History. University of Calgary Press, 2016.
- “Seeing Icebergs and Inuit as Elemental Nature: An American Transcendentalist on the Coast of Labrador, 1864,” Histoire sociale - Social History, 49 (June 2016), special online edition titled The History of Tourism in Canada, edited by Ben Bradley and J.I. Little.
- “’A Fine, Hardy, Good-Looking Race of People’: Travel Writers, Tourism Promoters, and the Highland Scots Identity on Cape Breton Island, 1829-1920,” Acadiensis, 44, no. 1 (Winter/Spring 2015): 20-35.
- ‘Charities, Manufactures, and Taxes: The Montreal Sisters of Providence Spruce Gum Syrup Case, 1876-78,' Canadian Historical Review, 95, no. 1 (March 2014): 54-77.
- ‘Travels in a Cold and Rugged Land: C.H. Farnham’s Quebec Essays inHarper’s Magazine, 1883-89,’ Journal of Canadian Studies, 47, no. 2 (Spring 2013): 215-45.
- 'A.C. Buchanan and the Megantic Experiment: Promoting British Colonization in Lower Canada,' Histoire sociale - Social History, 46, no. 92 (Nov. 2013): 295-319.
- 'A Country Without a Soul: Rupert Brooke's Gothic Vision of Canada,'Canadian Literature, 219 (Winter 2013): 95-111.
- ‘From Borderland to Bordered Land: Reaction in the Eastern Townships Press to the American Civil War and the Threat of Fenian Invasion.’ Histoire sociale – Social History, 45 (May 2012): 1-24.
- ‘Vancouver’s Playground: Leisure and Sociability on Bowen Island, 1902-57.’ BC Studies, no. 171 (Autumn 2011): 37-67.
- ‘In Search of the Plains of Abraham: British, American, and Canadian Views of a Symbolic Landscape, 1793-1913.' In Phillip Buckner and John Reid, eds, Remembering 1759: The Conquest of Canada in Historical Memory(University of Toronto Press, 2012).
- '"Like a fragment of the old world:" The Historical Regression of Quebec City in Travel Narratives and Tourist Guidebooks, 1776-1913.' Urban History Review, 40, no. 2 (Spring 2012): 15-28.
- 'L’Établissement des Canadiens français dans les Cantons de l’Est avant 1861,' in Yves Frenette and Marc Saint-Hilaire, eds, Atlas sur la francophonie nord-américaine. Quebec: Les presses de l’Université Laval, 2012.
- 'West Coast Exile: A Scottish-Canadian Bard in the United States at the Turn of the Twentieth Century,' International Journal of Canadian Studies (Special issue on Americanity, Continentalism, and Globalisation), 44 (2011.2): 119-33.
- 'Promoting "a truly national spirit": The Unifying Mission of Sir Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, 1885-1896.' In Jason Zuidema, ed., French-Speaking Protestants in Canada: Historical Essays (Brill, 2011).
- "’The fostering care of Government’: Lord Dalhousie’s 1821 Survey of the Eastern Townships” (Research Note), Histoire sociale / Social History, 43 (May 2010): 193-212.
- "Life without conventionality: Social Reformers as Summer Campers on Lake Memphremagog, 1878-1905,” Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, 9, no. 3 (July 2010): 281-311.
- "Scenic Tourism on the Northeastern Borderland: Lake Memphremagog's Steamboat Excursions and Resort Hotels, 1850-1900," Journal of Historical Geography, 35, no. 4 (2009): 716-42.
- "Advancing the Liberal Order in British Columbia: The Role Played by Lieutenant-Governor Sir Hector-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière. 1900-1906," Journal of the Canadian Historical Association, NS 19, no. 1 (2008): 83-114.
- "The Posthumous Americanization of Jason Lee, "Prophet of Oregon", Journal of Eastern Townships Studies, 32/33 (2008): 9-22.
- "American Sinner/Canadian Saint? The Further Adventures of the Notorious Stephen Burroughs, 1799-1840," Journal of the Early Republic, 27, no. 2 (2007): 203-31.
- "West Coast Picturesque: Class, Gender, and Race in a British Colonial Landscape, 1858-71," Journal of Canadian Studies, 41, no 2 (2007): 5-41.
- "Millennial Invasion: Millerism in the Eastern Townships of Lower Canada," in Anglo-American Millenarianism: From Milton to the Millerites, edited by Richard Connors and Andrew Gow. Leiden: Brill, Studies in the History of Christian Traditions, vol. 113, 2004.
- "The Pedlar's Tale: Radical Religion and Family Marginality in the Journal of Ralph Merry, 1804-1863," in On the Margins of the Family, edited by Nancy Christie and Michael Gauvreau. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2003.
- "'In the desert places of the wilderness': The Frontier Thesis and the Anglican Church in the Eastern Townships, 1799-1831," Histoire sociale / Social History, 36 (2003): 31-54.
- "Canadian Pastoral: Promotional Images of British Colonization in Lower Canada's Eastern Townships during the 1830s," Journal of Historical Geography, 29, 2 (2003): 189-211.
- "The Methodistical Way: Revivalism and Popular Resistance to Wesleyan Church Discipline in the Stanstead Circuit, Lower Canada, 1821-51," Studies in Religion / Sciences religieuses, 31, 2 (2002): 171-94.
- "The Mental World of Ralph Merry: A Case Study of Popular Religion in the Lower Canadian - New England Borderland, 1798-1863," Canadian Historical Review, 83 (2002): 338-63.
- "Revivalism Rejected: Protestantism in Sherbrooke during the First Half of the Nineteenth Century," Journal of Eastern Townships Studies, no. 21 (fall 2002): 27-46.
- "The Naturalist's Landscape: Philip Henry Gosse in the Eastern Townships, 1835-38," Journal of Eastern Townships Studies, 20 (Spring 2002): 59-74.
- "The Fireside Kingdom: A Mid-Nineteenth-Century Anglican Perspective on Marriage and Parenthood," in Nancy Christie, ed., Households of Faith: Family, Gender, and Community in Canada, 1760-1969. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2002.
- "A Crime 'Shrouded in Mystery': State, Church and Community Regulation in the Kinnear's Mills Post Office Case, 1899-1905," Histoire sociale - Social History, 34 (2001): 1-34.
- "From the Isle of Arran to Inverness Township: A Case Study of Highland Emigration and North American Settlement, 1829-34," Scottish Economic and Social History, 20 (2000): 3-30.
- "Gender and Gentility on the Lower Canadian Frontier: Lucy Peel's Journal, 1833-36," Journal of the Canadian Historical Association, NS 10 (1999): 59-79.
- "Agricultural Improvement and Highland Clearance: The Isle of Arran, 1828-29," Scottish Economic and Social History, 19 (1999): 132-54.
- "Contested Land: Squatters and Agents in the Eastern Townships of Lower Canada," Canadian Historical Review, 80 (1999): 381-412.
- "'Labouring in a Great Cause': Marcus Child as Pioneer School Inspector in Lower Canada's Eastern Townships, 1852-59," Historical Studies in Education, 10 (1998) : 85-115.
- "School Reform and Community Control in the 1840s: A Case Study from the Eastern Townships," Historical Studies in Education, 9 (1997): 153-64.
- "Serving 'the North East Corner of Creation': The Community Role of a Rural Clergyman in the Eastern Townships of Quebec, 1829-70," Histoire sociale / Social History, 30 (1997): 21-54.
- "A Moral Engine of Such Incalculable Power: The Temperance Movement in the Eastern Townships, 1830-52," Journal of Eastern Townships Studies, 11 (Fall 1997): 5-38.
- "The Bard in a Community in Transition and Decline: Oscar Dhu and the Hebridean Scots of the Upper St. Francis District, Quebec," Canadian Papers in Rural History, 10 (1996): 45-80.
- "The Foundations of Government," in The Pacific Province: A History of British Columbia, edited by Hugh J.M. Johnston. Vancouver and Toronto: Douglas & McIntyre, 1996.
- "State Formation and Local Reaction in the Eastern Townships: A Brief Overview," in Serge Courville and Normand Séguin (eds.), Espace et Culture/Space and Culture (Sainte-Foy: Les Presses de l'Université Laval, 1995).
- "Popular voices in Print: the Local Newspaper Correspondents of an Extended Scots-Canadian community, 1894," Journal of Canadian Studies, 30, 3 (1995): 134-55.
- "On the Borders of the Kingdom of the Beast': The Religious Ideas of a Nineteenth-Century Congregational Minister in the Eastern Townships," The Douglas Walkington Memorial Lectures on Congregational History, 1994, pp. 130-46.
- "Popular Resistance to Legal Authority in the Upper St. Francis District of Quebec: The Megantic Outlaw Affair of 1888-89." Labour / Le Travail, 33 (Spring 1994): 97-124.
- "The Foundations of Government," in The Pacific Province: A History of British Columbia, edited by Hugh J.M. Johnston. Vancouver and Toronto: Douglas & McIntyre, 19.
- "The Short Life of a Local Protest Movement: The Annexation Crisis of 1849-50 in the Eastern Townships," Journal of the Canadian Historical Association, 1993, 45-67.
- "The Development of the Québécois Identity: Literary and Historical Images," Colby Quarterly, 29 (1993): 126-35, June, 1993.
- "British Toryism 'amidst a horde of disaffected and disloyal squatters': The Rise and Fall of William Bowman Felton in the Eastern Townships," Journal of Eastern Townships Studies, 1 (Fall 1992): 13-42.
- "From the Isle of Lewis to the Eastern Townships: The Origins of a Highland Settlement Community in Quebec, 1838-81," in Catherine Kerrigan (ed.), The Immigrant Experience (University of Guelph, 1992).
- "Ethnicity, Family Structure, and Seasonal Labor Strategies on Quebec's Appalachian Frontier, 1852-1881," Journal of Family History, 18, 3 (1992): 289-302.
- "Cycles du travail saisonnier dans une zone de colonisation québécoise: les Canadiens français et les Ecossais du Canton de Winslow, Québec, 1852-81," Famille, économie et socièté rurale en contexte d'urbanisation 17e-20e siècle, published under the direction of Gérard Bouchard and Joseph Goy. Chicoutimi and Paris: Centre interuniversitaire SOREP et Ècole des hautes Ètudes en sciences sociales, 1990.
- "Public Policy and Private Interest in the Lumber Industry of the Eastern Townships: The Case of C.S. Clark and Company, 1854-81," Histoire-sociale / Social History 19 (1986): 9-37.
- "Agricultural Progress in Canada East/Quebec: Problems in Measuring Relative Productivity during the Grain-Dairy Transition Period," note de critique, Histoire sociale / Social History, 18, (1985): 425-431.
- "Imperialism and Colonization in Lower Canada: The role of William Bowman Felton," Canadian Historical Review, 66 (1985): 511-540.
- "The Catholic Church and French-Canadian Colonization of the Eastern Townships, 1821-51," Revue de l'Université d'Ottawa, 52 (1982): 142-165.
- "Watching the Frontier Disappear: English-Speaking Reaction to French-Canadian Colonization in the Eastern Townships, 1844-90," Journal of Canadian Studies, 15 (1980-81): 93-111. Reprinted in Michael D. Behiels, ed., Quebec Since 1800: Selected Readings. Toronto: Irwin, 2002.
- "Colonization and Municipal Reform in Canada East," Histoire sociale / Social History, 14 (1981): 94-121.
- "The Wheat Trade and Economic Development in Upper and Lower Canada," Acadiensis, 11, 1(1981): 141-151.
- "Les Investisseurs Français et le Nationalisme Canadien-Français. La Compagnie de Colonisation et de Crédit des Cantons de l'Est--1881-1893," Revue d'Histoire de l'Amérique Française, 32 (1978): 19-39.
- "Missionary Priests in Quebec's Eastern Townships: Years of Hardship and Discontent, 1825-53," Canadian Catholic Historical Association: Study Sessions, 45 (1978): 21-35.
- "The Parish and French Canadian Migrants to Compton County, Quebec, 1851-1891," Histoire sociale / Social History, 11 (1978): 134-143.
- "The Social and Economic Development of Settlers in Two Quebec Townships, 1851-1870," Canadian Papers in Rural History, in 2 (1978): 89-113. Reprinted in J.M. Bumsted (ed.) Interpreting Canada's Past: Pre-Confederation, 2nd edition, Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1993.
- "La Patrie: Quebec's Repatriation Colony, 1875-1880," Canadian Historical Association: Historical Papers (1977), 65-85.
- "New Brunswick Reaction to the Manitoba Schools' Questions," Acadiensis, 1, 2 (1971): 43-58.
Notable Major Awards
- Le prix Lionel-Groulx presented by l'Institut d'histoire de l'Amérique française for the best book on French America published in 1991.
- Certificate of Merit in Regional History presented by the Canadian Historical Association for the best book on Quebec.