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Canadian Election Results, 1867-2021

Put current events into historical perspective with past Canadian election results:

The Parliament of Canada site provides the results of all by-elections held since 1867, as well as a chronology of MPs who crossed the floor to either sit as an independent or to join another party's caucus since 1940.  The growth in the number of women running as candidates can be seen by party and their success in getting elected for all the elections held since 1921. 

See the table of voter turnout since 1867 to compare the rate of citizen participation in federal elections and national referenda.

Some highlights from the Library of Parliament's Election Trivia page:

Contested elections were fairly sporadic in the early days of Canada's Confederation. Since 1867, 622 candidates won by acclamation - including Joseph-Aldéric Ouimet (1848-1916) who has the enviable record of having been acclaimed 5 times!

Since 1867 11 candidates have won by a single vote. On two other occasions (1896 & 1963), an election-day tie in votes required the Returning Officer to case the deciding vote. The most recent candidate to win by a single vote was Paul Martineau running in  Pontiac-Témiscamingue, Qué, in the 1963 election, who won when the Returning Office had to cast a ballot.

Election Data Downloads

Several other sites provide various data sets relating to voter behaviour to download:

From Fred Cutler at UBC Political Science Dept: Ontario Election Study, 2003; Saskatchewan Election Study, 2003; Vancouver Election Study, 2002.

Canadian Election Studies at Université de Montréal: data from the 1997, 2000, 2004, and 2006 elections

York University's Institute for Social Research website houses data from the 1984, 1988, 1993, 1997 and 2000 Canadian Election Surveys.

The Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research maintains data sets for the 1965-2000 Canadian elections.





I welcome any feedback and suggestions for fresh material to add to this site -

Andrew Heard
Political Science Department  --  Simon Fraser university