Journal Articles

Kaufman, D., Gayowsky, T., Sauvé, L., Renaud, L., & Duplàa, E. (In press). Benefits of digital games for older adults: Associations with demographics and game use patterns. Gerontechnology, 17(1).

Kaufman, D., & Hausknecht, S. (2018). Sharing older adults’ wisdom and legacy through digital storytelling. Open Access Journal of Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, 3(3).

Kaufman, D. (2017). Enhancing older adults’ social connectedness through digital games. Gerontology & Geriatric Studies, 1(1). Retrieved from

Duplàa, E., Kaufman, D., Sauvé, L.,  & Renaud, L. (2017). Quelles sont les pratiques de jeux numériques des aînés canadiens ? Langue, éducation et contexte social comme facteurs d’usage [What are the digital gameplay patterns of older Canadians? Language, education, and social context as predictors]. Canadian Journal of Communication/ Revue canadienne de communication, 42(2), 291-309. doi:10.22230/cjc2017v42n2a3127 

Bigdeli, S., & Kaufman, D. (2017). Digital games in health professions education: Key terms, concepts, and definitions. Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 31(52). Published online September 2.

Seah, E. T.-W., Kaufman, D., Sauvé, L., & Zhang, F. (2017). Play, learn, connect: Older adults’ experience with a multiplayer, educational, digital Bingo game. Journal of Educational Computing Research. Published online August 10. doi:10.1177/0735633117722329 

Kaufman, D. (2017). The promise of digital games for older adults. Open Access Journal of Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, 1(5). Retrieved from

Doroudian, A., Hausknecht, S., Zhang, F., & Kaufman, D. (2017). A virtual escape game for older adults’ interaction and social engagement: A report on the design and usability. Open Access Journal of Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, 1(3). Retrieved from

Mortenson, B., Sixsmith, A., & Kaufman, D. (2017). Non-digital game playing by older adults. Canadian Journal on Aging, 36(3), 342-350. doi:10.1017/S0714980817000162

Duplàa, E., Kaufman, D., Sauvé, L., & Renaud, L. (2017). A questionnaire-based study on the perceptions of Canadian seniors about cognitive, social and psychological benefits of digital games. Games for Health Journal, 6(3), 171–178. doi: 0.1089/g4h.2016.0037

Zhang, F., Kaufman, D., Schell, R., Salgado, G., Seah, E. T.-W., & Jeremic, J. (2017). Situated learning through intergenerational play between older adults and undergraduates. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 2017, 1-16. doi:10.1186/s41239-017-0055-0

Zhang, F., & Kaufman, D. (2017). Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Games (MMORPGs) and socio-emotional wellbeing. Computers in Human Behavior, 73(2017), 451-458. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2017.04.008 

Sauvé, L., Renaud, L., Kaufman, D., & Duplàa, E. (2017). Un essai de typologie à l’appui de l’utilisation des jeux par les aînés [A typology to categorize games played by older adults]. Communiquer – Journal of Social and Public Communication/ Communiquer : Revue de communication sociale et publique, 17(2016), 1-23. doi:10.4000/communiquer.1922

Zebroff, D., & Kaufman, D. (2016). Texting, reading, and other daily habits associated with adolescents' literacy levels. Education and Information Technologies. Advance online publication. doi:10.1007/s10639-016-9544-3

Almomen, R. K., Kaufman, D., Alotaibi, H., Al-Rowais, N. A., Albeik, M., & Albattal, S. M. (2016). Applying the ADDIE – Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation – Instructional design model to continuing professional development for primary care physicians in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Clinical Medicine, 7, 538–546. doi:10.4236/ijcm.2016.78059

Kaufman, D., Sauvé, L., Renaud, L., Sixsmith, A., & Mortenson, B. (2016). Digital gameplay by older adults: Patterns, benefits, and challenges. Simulation & Gaming, 47(4), 475–489. doi:10.1177/1046878116645736

Kaufman, D. (2016). Technology-mediated TBLT: Researching technology and tasks [review of book of same title by M. Gonzales-Lloret & L. Ortega (Eds.)]. The Canadian Modern Language Review, 72(3), 334. doi:10.3138/CMLR

Zhang, F., & Kaufman, D. (2016). Cognitive benefits of older adults' digital gameplay: A critical review.  Gerontechnology. 15(1), 3–16. doi:

Zhang, F., & Kaufman, D. (2016). Physical and cognitive impacts of digital games on older adults: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 35(11), 1189–1210. doi:10.1177/0733464814566678

Kaufman, D., & Ireland, A. (2016). Enhancing teacher education with simulations. TechTrends, 60(3), 260–267. doi:10.1007/s11528-016-0049-0

Zhang, F., & Kaufman, D. (2016). A review of intergenerational play for facilitating interactions and learning. Gerontechnology, 14(3), 127–138. doi:10.4017/gt.2016.

Zhang, F., & Kaufman, D. (2016). Older adults’ social interactions in MMORPGs. Games and Culture, Special Issue: Games and Aging, 11(1-2), 150–169. doi:10.1177/1555412015601757

Schell, R., Hausknecht, S., Zhang, F., & Kaufman, D. (2016). Social benefits of playing Wii Bowling for older adults. Games and Culture, Special Issue: Games and Aging, 11(1-2), 81–103. doi:10.1177/1555412015607313 

Schell, R., & Kaufman, D. (2015). Designing PBL case studies for patient-centered care. International Journal of Learning, Teaching, and Educational Research, 13(3), 160–180. Retrieved from

Darojat, O., Nilson, M, & Kaufman, D. (2015). Quality assurance in Asian open and distance learning: Policies and implementation. Journal of Learning for Development, 2(2). Retrieved from

Darojat, O., Nilson, M, & Kaufman, D. (2015). Perspectives on quality and quality assurance in learner support areas at three Southeast Asian open universities. Distance Education, 36(3), 383–399. doi:10.1080/01587919.2015.1081734 

Zhang, F., & Kaufman, D. (2015). Social and emotional impacts of Internet use on older adults. European Scientific Journal, 11(17). Retrieved from

Badiee, F., & Kaufman, D. (2015). Design evaluation of a simulation for teacher education. SAGE Open April-June. doi:10.1177/2158244015592454

Chang, M. O., Kaufman, D., & Ireland, A. (2015). Personal backgrounds and differences in urban older adults’ leisure time use. British Journal of Education, Society & Behavioural Science, 9(4), 300–317. doi:10.9734/BJESBS/2015/17886    

Zhang, F., & Kaufman, D. (2015). The impacts of social interactions in MMORPGs on older adults’ social capital. Computers in Human Behavior, 51, 495–503. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2015.05.034     

Sauvé, L., Renaud, L., Kaufman, D., & Duplàa, E. (2015). Validation of educational games for seniors: Live well, live healthy! Procedia – Social and Behavioural Sciences, 2015(February 20), 674–682. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.526    

Tsai, Y.-F. L., & Kaufman, D. (2014). Interacting with a computer-simulated pet: Factors associated with children’s humane attitude and empathy. Journal of Educational Computer Research, 51(2), 145–161.    

Susilo, A., & Kaufman, D. (2014). Exploring Facebook as an online tutorial complement in distance education. International Journal of Online Pedagogy and Course Design, 4(4), 63–79.    

Zhang, F., & Kaufman, D. (2014). Using video games in computer science education. European Scientific Journal, 10(22), 37–52. 

Badiee, F., & Kaufman, D. (2014). Effectiveness of an online simulation for teacher education. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 22(2), 167–186.

Renaud, L., Sauvé, L., & Kaufman, D. (2011). Asthme : 1,2,3... Respirez ! Efficacité du jeu éducatif sur les attitudes à l’égard de l’asthme [Asthma: 1,2,3…Breathe! Effectiveness of an educational game on attitudes toward asthma]. Revue de communication sociale et publique, 6, 71–86.    

Kaufman, D., Sauve, L., & Renaud, L. (2011). Enhancing learning through an online secondary school game. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 44(4), 409428. 

Sauvé, L., Kaufman, D., & Renaud, L. (2011). Construire un jeu éducatif en ligne Asthme : 1, 2, 3 … Respirez! pour sensibiliser les jeunes du secondaire aux problèmes de l'asthme [Building an online educational game: Asthma 1, 2, 3…Breathe! for teaching secondary school youth about the problems of asthma]. La Revue Canadienne de l’apprentissage et de la technologie / Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, 37(2), 16 p. Available at

Tsai, Y-F. L., & Kaufman, D. (2010).  The socio-emotional effects of a computer-simulated animal on children’s empathy and humane attitudes. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 41(1), 103–123.

Schell, R., & Kaufman, D. (2010). Critical thinking in a collaborative online PBL tutorial. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 41(2), 155–170.

Kaufman, D., & Sauvé, L. (2009, February 9). Bridging Canada’s two solitudes through research. University Affairs/ Affaires universitaires.

Laidlaw, T., Kaufman, D., Sargeant, J., MacLeod, H., & Blake, K. (2007). What makes a physician an exemplary communicator with patients? Patient Education and Counseling 68(2), 153–160.

Sauvé, L., Renaud, L., Kaufman, D., & Marquis, J.S. (2007). Distinguishing between games and simulations: a systematic review. Journal of Educational Technology & Society 10(3), 244–256.

Laidlaw, R., Kaufman, D. M., MacLeod, H., van Zanten, S., Wrixon, W., & Simpson, C. D. (2006). Relationship of resident characteristics, attitudes, prior training and clinical knowledge to communication skills performance. Medical Education, 40, 18–25.

Kaufman, D. M. (2003). Applying educational theory in practice: ABC of learning and teaching in medicine. British Medical Journal, 326, 213–216.

Blake, K. D., Mann, K. V., & Kaufman, D. M. (2002). Using standardized patients to identify students needing extra training in interviewing skills. Academic Medicine, 76, 537–538.

Battistella, M., Kaufman, D. M., & Talley, R. C. (2002). An online summer course for prematriculation medical students. Academic Medicine, 76, 499–500.

Laidlaw, T., MacLeod, H., Kaufman, D., Langille, D., & Sargeant, J. (2002). Implementing a communication skills program in medical school: Needs assessment and program change. Medical Education, 36, 115–124.

Kaufman, D. M. (2002). L’éducation centré sur l’enseignant ou centrée sur l’apprenant: une fausse dichotomie [Teacher- or student-centred learning: a false dichotomy]. Revue Internationale Francophone D’Éducation Médicale, 3.3, 145–147.

Kaufman, D. M., Laidlaw, T, Langille, D. B., Sargeant, J., & MacLeod, H. (2001). Differences in medical students’ attitudes and self-efficacy regarding patient-doctor communication. Academic Medicine, 76(2), 188.

Kaufman, D.M. (2001). Assessing medical students: Hit or miss. studentBMJ, 9, 87–88.

Kaufman, D. M., McClaran, J., Toombs, M., Beardall, S., Levy, I., & Chockalingam, A. (2001). Achieving cardiovascular health through continuing interprofessional development. In ACHIC: Achieving Cardiovascular Health in Canada [special insert],Canadian Journal of Public Health, 92(4), I-10–16.

Langille, D., Kaufman, D., Laidlaw, T., Sargeant, J., & McLeod, H. (2001). Faculty attitudes towards medical communication and their perceptions of students’ communication skills training at Dalhousie University. Medical Education, 35(6), 548–554.

Burge, F., McIntyre, P., Twohig, P., Cummings, I., Kaufman, D., Frager, G., & Pollett, A. (2001). Palliative care by family physicians in the 1990’s: Resiliency amid reform.Canadian Family Physician, 47, 1989–9195.

Laidlaw, T., MacLeod, H., Kaufman, D., Sargeant, J., & Langille, D. (2001). Implementing a communication skills program in medical school: Program evaluation and program change. Medical Education, 36, 115–124.

Laidlaw, T. S., Kaufman, D. M., MacLeod, H., Sargeant, J., & Langille, D. B. (2001). Patient satisfaction with their family physician’s communication skills: a Nova Scotia survey. Academic Medicine, 76(10 Suppl), S77–79.

Kaufman, D. (2000). Problem-based learning – Time to step back? Medical Education, 34(7), 510–511.

Kaufman, D. M., Mann, K. V., Muijtjens, A. M. M., & Van der Vleuten, C. P. M. (2000). Comparison of standard-setting procedures. Academic Medicine, 75(3), 267–271.

Kaufman, D. M., Laidlaw, T., & MacLeod, H. (2000). Communication skills in medical school: Exposure, confidence and performance. Academic Medicine, 76(10 suppl), S90–S92.

Kaufman, D. M. (2000). Protecting human subjects: case-based learning for Canadian research ethics boards and researchers. NCEHR Communiqué, 10(2), 15–16.

Kaufman, D. M. (2000). Problem-based learning—time to step back? Medical Education, 34(7), 510–511.

Ruedy, J. R., Kaufman, D. M., & MacLeod, H. (1999). Alternative and complementary medicine in Canadian medical schools: a survey. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 160(6), 816–817.

Kaufman, D. M., & Mann, K. V. (1999). Response to letter to the editor, “Is the small-group tutorial process in PBL getting more credit than it deserves?” Academic Medicine, 74(8), 852–853.

Kaufman, D. M., Ryan, K., Hodder, I. (1999). A study of the educationally influential physician. The Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, 19(3), 152–162.

Kaufman, D. M., & Mann, K. V. (1999). Achievement of students in a conventional and problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum. Advances in Health Sciences Education, 4(3), 245–260.

Mann, K. V., & Kaufman, D. M. (1999). A comparative study of problem-based and conventional undergraduate curricula in preparing students for graduate medical education. Academic Medicine, 74(10), S4–S6.

Kaufman, D. M. (1998). Problem-based learning: using cases to teach about how to deal with ethical problems. NCEHR Communique, 8(2), 7–10.

Kaufman, D. M., Holmes, D. B. (1998). The relationship of tutors’ content expertise to interventions and perceptions in a PBL medical curriculum. Medical Education, 32(3), 255–261.

Kaufman, D., Mensink, D., & Day, V. (1998). Stressors in medical school: relationship to curriculum format and year of study. Teaching and Learning in Medicine, 10(3).

Kaufman, D. M., & Brock , H. (1998). Enhancing interaction using videoconferencing in continuing health education. Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, 18, 81–85.

Kaufman, D. M., & Mann, K. V. (1998). Comparing achievement on the Medical Council of Canada qualifying examination part I of students in a conventional and problem-based learning curricula. Academic Medicine, 73(11), 85–87.