Items posted here are for informational purposes only. CARMHA, its staff, and Simon Fraser University assume no liability for how the content is used.

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  • Homelessness, Addiction & Mental Illness: A Call to Action for British Columbia
    Highly effective methods have been developed that promote housing stability, improved health and reduced crises among people who experience prolonged homelessness, mental illness and addiction. SFU researchers have led the development of these practices, showing their vast superiority over existing services in BC, despite the fact that existing services cost as much to implement as far more effective approaches. To date SFU’s research findings and experience have not been put into practice in BC. This document is a call to action, proposing the immediate implementation of SFU’s proven approach to be delivered in four regions of BC and assisting at least 1,500 people between 2021-2024. This call is issued jointly by SFU and leading not-for-profit (NFP) organizations addressing the health and wellbeing of Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples, and including NFPs that partnered with SFU in the development of today’s best practices.
  • Mental e-Health Resources for APEC Countries in a post-COVID-19 World

    Alanah Levandosky 

    John O'Neil


    This project was undertaken by Alanah Levandosky, a second-year Masters of Public Health student at Simon Fraser University. The catalogue was assembled as a part of her practicum with Dr. John O’Neil and Centre for Applied Research in Mental Health and Addictions (CARMHA). Dr. O’Neil is a Professor of Global and Indigenous Health at SFU. He was Dean of the Faculty of Health Sciences at SFU from 2007-2017. He currently leads research projects in Vietnam on the prevention and treatment of depression through the implementation of community-based services. The aim of this project is to identify and summarize online mental health resources available across the 21 countries of the Asia-Pacific Economic Corporation (APEC) region. To our knowledge, there is currently no formal collection of online mental health resources available for the APEC Digital Hub. The focus of this focused on compiling a catalogue of current online mental health resources in response to emerging concerns that Covid-19 and associated emergency public health measures are both exacerbating mental health conditions and limiting access to in-person resources and services. The resulting catalogue will form an online global resource to assist public health practitioners identify new models and interventions to treat depression and mental wellness for their clients.
  • Toward Quality Mental Health Services in Canada: A Comparison of Performance Indicators across 5 Provinces

    Amanda Butler,
    Carol Adair,
    Wayne Jones,
    Paul Kurdyak,
    Simone Vigod,
    Mark Smith,
    Alain Lesage,
    James Bolton,
    Nawaf Madi,
    Jitender Sareen,
    Murray Enns,
    Louis Rochette,
    Katherine Rittenbach,
    Erik Youngson,
    Steven Clelland,
    Marni Bercov,
    Maria Santana,
    Elliot Goldner

    Relevant, accurate and timely performance information is critical for improving performance of health systems. Despite enhanced activity in health data reporting in Canada, there remains a pressing need to develop and report on mental health performance measures that can be compared across the country. In 2015, the Graham Boeckh Foundation and its partners sponsored the Centre for Applied Research in Mental Health & Addiction (CARMHA) at Simon Fraser University to lead a pan-Canadian initiative in mental health performance measurement. To do this work, CARMHA assembled an alliance of researchers, data analysts, and service leads in five provinces: British Columbia, Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario and Québec. The overall purpose of the project was to test the feasibility of creating and reporting on a small number of mental health and addictions performance indicators that can be compared across the provinces. This report provides a summary of the project including background information, comparative results by province, and key findings on the feasibility questions.
  • Informing the Future: Mental Health Indicators for Canada

    Wayne Jones,
    Elliot M Goldner,
    Amanda Butler,
    Kimberley McEwan

    The Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC) identified the need for better data collection, research, and knowledge exchange in order to build Canada’s capacity to promote mental health and improve the lives of people living with mental illness. To help accomplish this goal, the MHCC partnered with the Centre for Applied Research in Mental Health and Addiction (CARMHA) at Simon Fraser University to create a national set of mental health and mental illness indicators. This technical report provides detailed information regarding the first iteration of the MHCC’s Informing the Future: Mental Health Indicators for Canada project, which reports on a total of 63 national indicators. 55 indicators are being released at this time and 8 additional indicators highlighting the mental health of First Nations, Inuit, and Métis will be released at a later date. This technical report contains the details for 55 indicators, and will be updated once the final 8 have been released.
  • Managing Depression: A Self-help Skills Resource for Women Living With Depression During Pregnancy, After Delivery and Beyond

    Dan Bilsker,
    Randy Paterson

    This workbook is for women living with depression during pregnancy, after delivery and beyond; and their clinicians or service providers. It provides information about depression and healthy lifestyles behaviours, and skills for managing depression. Concerned partners, family members or friends may also find this resource helpful.
  • Feasibility Study: Development and Reporting of a Common Set of Mental Health Performance Indicators in Canada

    Many countries have undertaken development work aimed at measurement of mental health system performance for accountability, monitoring and quality improvement. Notable achievements have been made by Australia, Scotland and the United States. The value of valid and reliable performance indicators for Canadian mental health services has been widely recognized. Provincial/territorial mental health plans and the Mental Health Commission of Canada’s national Strategy have emphasized the need to identify meaningful indicators that could be used to gauge progress toward system goals and targets. The Graham Boeckh Foundation and its partners have expressed interest in developing a project designed to improve mental health systems, services and policies in Canada through regular reporting on a set of common performance indicators. This report summarizes findings of a review of the feasibility of using existing data to produce indicators about access, quality and outcomes of mental health services in Canada’s provinces and territories.
  • Psychological Health and Safety: An Action Guide for Employers

    Merv Gilbert, Dan Bilsker

    Mental health problems have a powerful and expanding impact in the workplace. To foster a pragmatic integrated approach to workplace mental health in Canada, the Workforce Advisory Committee of the Mental Health Commission of Canada commissioned CARMHA to create a resource to assist employers in this pursuit. for employers. The Action Guide consists of an overall framework encompassing a set of practical, evidence-informed and scalable actions that employers – small & large, public & private – can undertake in order to improve employees’ psychological health and safety.
  • Innovation to Implementation: A Practical Guide to Knowledge Translation in Health Care

    Dan Bilsker,
    Lisa Petermann,
    Elliot M. Goldner

    The I2I is a how-to guide for driving change using knowledge translation (KT) activities. It is built around the concept of innovation: products, actions, services or relationships that have the potential to enhance health outcomes. The guide illustrates how to move from innovation to implementation in a thoughtful manner to achieve the desired outcomes of a project or initiative.
  • Improving psychological health & safety in the workplace: Critical analysis and pragmatic options

    Dan Bilsker,
    Merv Gilbert

    This report is a critical analysis of currently available models for guiding efforts to improve psychological health and safety in the workplace. It is based on a review of the empirical and ‘grey’ literature on select international approaches to this topic. These models are described and reviewed in terms of generally accepted quality standard, the extent to which the models support an integrated approach to workplace mental health, and the extent to which they are relevant to the Canadian workplace context. On the basis of this review, a pragmatic approach to improving workplace psychological health and safety in Canada is presented. The proposed approach, the P6 Framework, is intended to facilitate an integrated response to workplace psychological health issues across the continuum of employment and between the key employer, regulatory, labour and mental health care stakeholders who may play a role in addressing and enhancing workplace psychological health and safety.
  • A Concise Introduction to Mental Health in Canada

    Elliot Goldner
    Emily Jenkins
    Jessica Palma,
    Dan Bilsker

    A Concise Introduction to Mental Health in Canada is the first book to cover the full spectrum of mental health in Canada, from synapse to society. Written in an accessible style, it applies an interdisciplinary approach that incorporates insights from both the physical and social sciences to expand the way readers think about mental health.