Loren Kaake

Associate Professor

Areas of interest

Physical Chemistry of Optoelectronic Materials


  • B.Sc., Saint John's University (2003)
  • Ph.D., University of Minnesota (2009)
  • Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Texas, Austin
  • Postdoctoral Fellow, University of California, Santa Barbara

Lab Information


Time Dependent Thermal Deflection

Organic thermoelectrics have already been demonstrated and would provide a cost effective means of serving moderate temperature applications not adequately served by existing technologies.  The properties which make an excellent thermoelectric material are high electrical conductivity, low thermal conductivity and a third metric, called the Seebeck coefficient.  Time dependent thermal deflection is an excellent way to study the thermal conductivity of thin films and also provides information on the acoustic vibrational modes important in the mechanism of heat transfer.  Because the highly doped state is more technologically important, combining electrochemical transistors and thermal deflection measurements allows for systematic investigations to be carried out.

Data in the figure reproduced from the following publication
Ezzahri, Y.; Grauby, S.; Rampnoux, J. M.; Michel, H.; Pernot, G.; Claeys, W.; Dilhaire, S.; Rossignol, C.; Zeng, G.; Shakouri, A. Coherent phonons in Si/SiGe superlattices. Phys. Rev. B 2007, 75.

Ion Transport in Electrochemical Devices

Devices using the ionic and electronic conductivity of conjugated organic materials offer many advantages over standard device structures, especially since the advent of ionic liquids.  For example, electrochemical transistors, electrochromics, light emitting electrochemical cells, supercapacitors and all-organic batteries. However, in order to leverage these benefits, the problem of ion mobility must be confronted.  Although the mechanism of ion movement in an organic semiconductor is mostly understood, very little research exists regarding the structure-property relationship which governs this rate. 

Data in the figure reproduced from the following publication
Lee, J.; Kaake, L. G.; Cho, J. H.; Zhu, X. Y.; Lodge, T. P.; Frisbie, C. D. Ion Gel-Gated Polymer Thin-Film Transistors: Operating Mechanism and Characterization of Gate Dielectric Capacitance, Switching Speed, and Stability. J. Phys. Chem. C 2009, 113, 8972-8981.

Insulator-Metal Transition and Polyelectrolyte Dielectrics

A metal is defined as a material which has finite conductivity at arbitrarily low temperatures.  Although a few organic systems display this behavior, it is not known how general true metallic behavior is in organic materials. Polyelectrolyte dielectric materials will be used to form electrostatic double layers in an organic transistor, inducing large charge densities and probing electronic phase transitions like the insulator-metal transition.

Data in the figure reproduced from the following publication
Shimotani, H.; Asanuma, H.; Tsukazaki, A.; Ohtomo, A.; Kawasaki, M.; Iwasa, Y. Insulator-to-metal transition in ZnO by electric double layer gating. Appl. Phys. Lett. 2007, 91.


Click here to view publications.