2021 Registered Publications

Publications are sourced from the SFU central publication database.

Total publications: 32;  Journal articles: 30; Book chapters: 2

Modeling undergraduates' selection of course modality: A large sample, multi-discipline study
Publisher: Internet and Higher Education
Date: 2021-01-01
Authors: O'Neill K., Lopes N., Nesbit J., Reinhardt S., Jayasundera K.
Keywords: Course modality, In-person, Logistic regression, Online, Student choice
Abstract: We surveyed 650 undergraduates at a public Canadian university who were enrolled in courses that were offered in both modalities during the same semester, for roughly the same tuition cost. The courses spanned a wide range of disciplines, from archaeology to computing science. Twenty-five variables were gauged, covering areas including students' personal circumstances, their competence in the language of instruction, previous experience with online courses, grade expectations, and psychological variables...
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Uncovering hidden windmills across contexts
Publisher: International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology
Date: 2021-01-01
Authors: Yan X., Zazkis R.
Keywords: LOGO, problem-solving, proof, rotational symmetry, Windmill shape
Abstract: Windmill images and shapes have a long history in geometry and can be found in problems in different mathematical contexts. In this paper, we share and discuss various problems involving windmill shapes and solutions from geometry, algebra, to elementary number theory. These problems can be used, separately or together, for students to explore rotational symmetry and connect seemingly unrelated problems.
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Advanced Mathematics for Secondary School Teachers: Mathematicians’ Perspective
Publisher: International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education
Date: 2021-01-01
Authors: Yan X., Marmur O., Zazkis R.
Keywords: Advanced mathematics, Mathematicians, Secondary mathematics teachers, Teacher education
Abstract: In this paper, we examine mathematicians’ views on the value of advanced mathematics for secondary mathematics teachers. The data comprise semi-structured interviews with 24 mathematicians from 10 universities. The findings indicate that the value of advanced mathematics courses for prospective secondary mathematics teachers lies in their potential to offer connections across mathematical domains, mathematical experience for the development of problem-solving abilities, and increased epistemological awareness of the subject...
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The educational impact of the Covid-19 rapid response on teachers, students, and families: Insights from British Columbia, Canada
Publisher: Prospects
Date: 2021-01-01
Authors: MacDonald M., Hill C.
Keywords: Canada, Covid-19, K-12 education, online teaching, remote learning
Abstract: The government’s rapid response to the spread of Covid-19 in British Columbia has resulted in drastic and unprecedented changes to the delivery of K-12 education. Using qualitative research methods, including remote in-depth interviews, this article addresses the question: What is the educational impact of the Covid-19 rapid response on teachers, students, and families in the Lower Mainland of British Columbia, Canada? Six themes are discussed, including teacher and family responses to change, vulnerability, transitions...
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Navigating COVID-19 linguistic landscapes in Vancouver’s North Shore: official signs, grassroots literacy artefacts, monolingualism, and discursive convergence
Publisher: International Journal of Multilingualism
Date: 2021-01-01
Authors: Marshall S.
Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, Linguistic landscape, multimodality, visual ethnography, walking ethnography
Abstract: This article describes the changing linguistic landscape on the North Shore of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, during the first three months of the COVID-19 pandemic. I present an account of the visual representation of change along the area’s parks and trails, which remained open for socially-distanced exercise during the province’s lockdown. Following the principles of visual, walking ethnography, I walked through numerous locations, observing and recording the visual representations of the province’s policies and discourses of lockdown and social distancing...
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Collaborative problem solving in a choice-affluent environment
Publisher: ZDM - Mathematics Education
Date: 2021-01-01
Authors: Pruner M., Liljedahl P.
Keywords: Choice-affluent, Problem solving, Resources, Thinking classrooms
Abstract: For too long, problem solving has been studied as a solitary and isolated activity where individuals make progress based on personal resources acquired from knowledge, previous experiences or moments of illumination; however, in society, and indeed amongst mathematicians, problem solving can be highly collaborative and occurs in spaces where external resources (technology, the internet, social connections etc.) are abundant. In this paper, we present research into what problem solving looks like in classrooms...
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Automatic identification of knowledge-transforming content in argument essays developed from multiple sources
Publisher: Journal of Computer Assisted Learning
Date: 2021-01-01
Authors: Raković M., Winne P.H., Marzouk Z., Chang D.
Keywords: argumentative writing, evidence, knowledge telling, knowledge transforming, machine learning
Abstract: Developing knowledge-transforming skills in writing may help students increase learning by actively building knowledge, regardless of the domain. However, many undergraduate students struggle to transform knowledge when drafting essays based on multiple sources. Writing analytics can be used to scaffold knowledge transforming as writers bring evidence to bear in supporting claims. We investigated how to automatically identify sentences representing knowledge transformation in argumentative essays...
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Irrational gap: sensemaking trajectories of irrational exponents
Publisher: Educational Studies in Mathematics
Date: 2021-01-01
Authors: Marmur O., Zazkis R.
Keywords: Irrational exponents, Learning trajectories, Rational exponents, Sensemaking, Sensemaking trajectories
Abstract: We investigate how students make sense of irrational exponents. The data comprise 32 interviews with university students, which revolved around a task designed to examine students’ sensemaking processes involved in predicting and subsequently interpreting the shape of the graph of f(x)=x2. The task design and data analysis relied on the concept of sensemaking trajectories, blending the notions of sensemaking and (hypothetical/actual) learning trajectories. The findings present four typical sensemaking trajectories...
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Inventive pedagogies and social solidarity: The work of community-based adult educators during COVID-19 in British Columbia, Canada
Publisher: International Review of Education
Date: 2021-01-01
Authors: Smythe S., Wilbur A., Hunter E.
Keywords: intersectionality, inventiveness, neoliberalism, pandemic pedagogies, popular education, racialised and gender hierarchies, social solidarity
Abstract: The societal lockdown imposed in Canada in March 2020 to stem the spread of COVID-19 severed key points of connection for low-income Canadians who rely upon schools, libraries and even fast-food chains for internet connectivity. This has had dire implications for timely access to vital information and resources, and has revealed the extent to which women, transgender and racialised communities are bearing the brunt of the pandemic’s effects. This article describes a study that investigated the pandemic-related work of community-based adult educators in the ethno-culturally diverse Canadian province of British Columbia...
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Letters from a dying college: How the climate crisis demands a wilder pedagogy and wilder policies
Publisher: Policy Futures in Education
Date: 2021-01-01
Authors: Ford D., Blenkinsop S.
Keywords: climate crisis, Further education, pedagogy, policy, tertiary education, wild
Abstract: This paper takes the academically unorthodox form of personal correspondence. This method, of letters between two educators writing to one another across the distance of two continents and different experiences, seeks to create an inclusive, confessional tone, one that invites the reader to get closer to the lived experience of those struggling within the educational and environmental crises. Critically, this correspondence also seeks to open discussion about the difficult demands of state secondary and tertiary education. The authors explore issues regarding their denuded experiences of working in formal education settings while bearing witness to environmental degradation and ecological collapse...
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Cultural transposition of a thinking classroom: to conceive possible unthoughts in mathematical problem solving activity
Publisher: ZDM - Mathematics Education
Date: 2021-01-01
Authors: Mellone M., Pacelli T., Liljedahl P.
Keywords: Cultural transposition, Mathematical problem solving, Thinking classroom, Unthoughts
Abstract: This study concerns a professional development course designed and implemented for prospective teachers, centred on a teaching method regarding problem-solving activity, namely, the Thinking Classroom. The study is framed in the theory of cultural transposition, a perspective about the encounter with teaching practices from different cultural/school contexts. Cultural aspects are considered crucial and this encounter between cultures is seen as an opportunity for actors to become aware of their own unthoughts...
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Experiencing number in a digital multitouch environment
Publisher: For the Learning of Mathematics
Date: 2021-01-01
Authors: Sinclair N., Ferrara F.
Abstract: In this article, we explore Whitehead’s claim that experience is fundamentally affective. We do so in the context of an Italian primary school classroom featuring the use of the multitouch application TouchCounts. We study the way in which the children and the iPad take each other up and the meanings of number and arithmetic that emerge as a result. In particular, we show that colour, containment and movement play an important role in their experience of number as decomposable and composable through addition.

Education, sustainable or otherwise, as simulacra: A symphony of Baudrillard
Publisher: Educational Philosophy and Theory
Date: 2021-01-01
Authors: Humphreys C., Blenkinsop S., Jickling B.
Keywords: Baudrillard, hyper-reality, simulacra
Abstract: Preamble: Singers gathering on stage This is a paper for three voices. An attempt at a philosophic experience in the symphonic form. The first voice carries the tune and holds the shape of the paper as it focuses on Baudrillard and proposes that public education in Canada today is in fact a simulacra. The second voice has more room to roam, tracing some of the Western philosophical underpinnings of Baudrillard’s stages of the simulacra from Aristotle to Saussure’s centralization of human language and out to the disappearance of the signified altogether. And the third voice, plays a parallel tune to the first two but focuses on the evolution of education for sustainable development...
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Swimming in flow motion: an ecopedagogy for health and physical education
Publisher: Sport, Education and Society
Date: 2021-01-01
Authors: Smith S.J.
Keywords: ecopedagogy, flow, immersion, phenomenology, swimming, Water
Abstract: Becoming educated physically need not be confined to gyms, playing fields, dance studios and aquatic complexes. A case in point is that of swimming which serves notice on training the body exclusively by offering an ecologically attuned, movement pedagogy. As an exemplar for the cultivation of the body-subject and its implication in the flesh of world, a phenomenological analysis of swimming provides a somaesthetic rendition of flow motion by highlighting the motional basis to enhanced ecological responsiveness...
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The automated literacies of e-recruitment and online services
Publisher: Studies in the Education of Adults
Date: 2021-01-01
Authors: Smythe S., Grotlüschen A., Buddeberg K.
Keywords: algorithms, inequality, Job recruitment, literacy
Abstract: Online technologies have entered almost all spheres of life, introducing new challenges to how literacies are theorised, defined and taken up in adult literacy education settings. This process has accelerated during the COVID-19 pandemic and on a global scale, as more services, resources and information move online. An important, if under-studied example of this trend is e-recruitment. Job seekers increasingly rely upon automated platforms to find and apply for jobs, and their fate in these selection processes are often automated. Drawing on data from the German LEO study and ethnographic interviews with job seekers in community-based digital literacy classes in Canada, this article explores how adult job seekers experience e-recruitment platforms, examining promises of efficiency, convenience and fairness in light of embedded inequalities within algorithmic agencies...
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Enhancing scientific discovery learning by just-in-time prompts in a simulation-assisted inquiry environment
Publisher: European Journal of Educational Research
Date: 2021-01-01
Authors: Hajian S., Jain M., Liu A.L., Obaid T., Fukuda M., Winne P.H., Nesbit J.C.
Keywords: Guidance, Inquiry learning, Prompts, Simulation
Abstract: We investigated the effects of just-in-time guidance at various stages of inquiry learning by novice learners. Thirteen participants, randomly assigned to an intervention (n = 8) or control (n = 5) group, were observed as they learned about DC electric circuits using a web-based simulation. Just-in-time instructional prompts to observe, predict, explain, systematically test, collect evidence, and generate rules were strongly associated with diagnosing and correcting misconceptions, and constructing correct scientific concepts...
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Application of deep learning on the characterization of tor traffic using time based features
Publisher: Journal of Internet Services and Information Security
Date: 2021-01-01
Authors: Johnson C., Khadka B., Ruiz E., Halladay J., Doleck T., Basnet R.
Keywords: Deep learning, Encrypted traffic, Machine learning, Tor traffic, Traffic identification
Abstract: The Onion Router (Tor) is a popular network, widely used by both political dissidents and cyber criminals alike. Tor attempts to circumvent government censorship and surveillance of individuals by keeping secret a message’s sender/receiver and content. This work compares the performance of various traditional machine learning algorithms (e.g. Random Forest, Decision Tree, k-Nearest Neighbor) and Deep Neural Networks on the ISCXTor2016 time-based dataset in detecting Tor traffic. The research examines two scenarios: the goal of Scenario A is to detect Tor traffic while Scenario B’s goal is to determine the type of Tor traffic as one of eight categories...
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Transition to online teaching during the COVID-19 pandemic
Publisher: Interactive Learning Environments
Date: 2021-01-01
Authors: John Lemay D., Doleck T., Bazelais P.
Keywords: approach to teaching, COVID-19, e-learning, online learning, online teaching, pandemic, teacher beliefs
Abstract: With the advent of the COVID-19 pandemic, teachers and students have seen their activities suddenly thrust online. With little guidance or experience, they have had to learn new tools and often have struggled with access and material support, but also disease and economic hardships. Given that teachers’ approaches to teaching are influenced by such events, we report on a survey design cross-sectional study of Nepalese teachers’ experience of the transition to online teaching. This study has implications for instructional planning and implementation.
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Empathetic encounters of children’s augmented storying across the human and more-than-human worlds
Publisher: International Studies in Sociology of Education
Date: 2021-01-01
Authors: Kumpulainen K., Renlund J., Byman J., Wong C.C.
Keywords: augmented storying, children, Empathetic encounters, nature, sociomaterial approach
Abstract: This study brings empathy to the centre of literacy practice by investigating children’s augmented storying as it was related to empathetic encounters across the human and more-than-human worlds. The study applies sociomaterial theorising that defines empathy as relational and emergent across human–material–spatial–temporal assemblages. The empirical study was situated in a Finnish primary school in which children used an augmented story-crafting tool (MyAR Julle) to explore their local environment and to create and share their stories. The findings show how empathy emerged situationally across the children, other human beings, materials, technology and the natural world...
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Children developing self-regulation skills in a Kids’ Skills intervention programme in Finnish Early Childhood Education and Care
Publisher: Early Child Development and Care
Date: 2021-01-01
Authors: Hautakangas M., Kumpulainen K., Uusitalo L.
Keywords: children, Early Childhood Education and Care, Kids’ Skills programme, Self-regulation
Abstract: Self-regulation skills are fundamental for a child’s development and learning. Yet, problems in self-regulation are common and several programmes with varying results have been created to overcome them. In this article, we have reported on a controlled ten-week intervention study. Twenty-eight children aged 4–7 years and with poor self-regulation skills participated in their Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) centres. The intervention programme, entitled Kids’ Skills, is based on a strength-based and solution-focused perspective...
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The advantage of real objects over matched pictures in infants' processing of the familiar size of objects
Publisher: Infant and Child Development
Date: 2021-01-01
Authors: Sensoy Ö., Culham J.C., Schwarzer G.
Keywords: familiar size, infancy, object perception, pictures, preferential looking, real objects
Abstract: We investigate when infants exhibit knowledge of the familiar size of well-known objects and whether this knowledge is affected by stimulus format, that is, whether the stimuli are presented as real objects or matched pictures. Infants (130 7- and 12-month-olds) saw everyday objects such as sippy cups and pacifiers in their familiar size and novel sizes (larger or smaller than the familiar size) placed pairwise within infants' reach. We used a preferential-looking paradigm to investigate whether infants are able to discriminate familiar from novel sizes...
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Action coordination during a real-world task: Evidence from children with and without autism spectrum disorder
Publisher: Development and Psychopathology
Date: 2021-02-01
Authors: Trevisan D.A., Enns J.T., Birmingham E., Iarocci G.
Keywords: action coordination, ASD, autism, joint action, social interaction
Abstract: Joint action - the ability to coordinate actions with others - is critical for achieving individual and interpersonal goals and for our collective success as a species. Joint actions require accurate and rapid inferences about others' goals, intentions, and focus of attention, skills that are thought to be impaired in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Research to date has not investigated joint action abilities in individuals with ASD during real-world social interactions...
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From one kind of numbers to another: The metaphors of expansion and transition
Publisher: For the Learning of Mathematics
Date: 2021-03-01
Authors: Kontorovich I., Zazkis R., Mason J.
Abstract: Is the natural number 7 rational? Is it complex? We argue that the answers to these questions relate to the ways numbers are taught. Commonly, a new kind of numbers is presented as an expansion of a previously familiar kind of numbers, which results in a nested image of the relations between number sets. In this article, we introduce an alternative approach, in which one transitions between different numerical domains, some subsets of which are isomorphic.

Connecting educators, families and communities through pastel (plurilingualism, art, science, technology and literacies) approaches in and around French immersion
Publisher: Superdiversity and Teacher Education: Supporting Teachers in Working with Culturally, Linguistically, and Racially Diverse Students, Families, and Communities
Date: 2021-03-11
Authors: Moore D.
Abstract: This chapter explores how plurilingual pedagogies, and more specifically PASTEL approaches (Plurilingualism, Art, Science, Technology and Literacies) can foster connections between educators, families and communities, and benefit children’s learning in our increasingly complex classrooms. Plurilingual pedagogies encourage to disrupt the boundaries between languages in the classroom and promote an asset-oriented perspective in terms of the plurality of the experiences, skills, and competencies that learners possess...

Diversity as the norm: Teaching to and through superdiversity in postsecondary indigenous education courses
Publisher: Superdiversity and Teacher Education: Supporting Teachers in Working with Culturally, Linguistically, and Racially Diverse Students, Families, and Communities
Date: 2021-03-11
Authors: Yee N.L., Davidson S.F.
Abstract: Educational contexts shaped by colonialism are ill-equipped to build from the contributions of superdiversity, such as neuro-diversity, cultural diversity, and differences in socioeconomic status, gender, or experiences of the world. Building on the belief that superdiversity is a normal state of being that may be applied to instructors, students, and content, the authors of this chapter explore how they, as two diverse instructors of mandatory Indigenous education courses, have structured their approach to facilitating learning opportunities about Indigenous and decolonizing perspectives...

Dancing With Non-duality for Healing Through the Shadows of the COVID-19 Pandemic
Publisher: Frontiers in Education
Date: 2021-03-23
Authors: Bai H., Berry K., Haber J., Cohen A.
Keywords: AEDP, COVID-19, dialogue, non-duality, positive psychology, psychotherapy, shadow work, wisdom traditions
Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has unleashed torrents of global suffering at a devastating scale, necessitating a strong response to alleviating suffering. This paper begins with noting that the conventional approach to suffering in North America is to be positive and not to be negative. The paper summarily explores the philosophy of positive psychology underlying the first- and the second-wave of positive psychology, commenting on the evolution from dualism and a binary conceptualization in the first wave (PP 1.0) to a non-dualism of integrating binaries in the second wave (PP 2.0)...
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Wilding educational policy: Hope for the future
Publisher: Policy Futures in Education
Date: 2021-04-01
Authors: Morse M., Blenkinsop S., Jickling B.
Keywords: Education, environment, policy, wild, wild pedagogies, wilding
Abstract: This introductory paper begins by summarizing the premises of this special issue on “Wilding Educational Policy.” That is, first, current normalized educational practices in education are not adequate for these times of extraordinary social and ecological upheaval. Second, an important way forward will be to problematize modernist tendencies to control discourse and practice in education in ways that tend to “domesticate” educational possibilities. We then describe how the papers in this collection are framed around two emergent thematic arcs...
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Evaluating the efficiency of social learning networks: Perspectives for harnessing learning analytics to improve discussions
Publisher: Computers and Education
Date: 2021-04-01
Authors: Doleck T., Lemay D.J., Brinton C.G.
Keywords: Cooperative/collaborative learning, Data science applications in education, Distance education and online learning, Informal learning
Abstract: This study evaluates the validity of an algorithm for measuring the efficiency of social learning networks in discussion forums accompanying MOOCs of conventional format, which consist of video lectures and problem assignments. The algorithm models social learning networks as a function of users knowledge seeking and knowledge disseminating tendencies across course topics and offers a means to optimize social learning networks by connecting users seeking and disseminating information on specific topics...
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What Peers, Educators, and Principals Say: The Social Validity of Inclusive, Comprehensive Literacy Instruction
Publisher: Exceptional Children
Date: 2021-04-01
Authors: Kozleski E.B., Hunt P., Mortier K., Stepaniuk I., Fleming D., Balasubramanian L., Leu G., Munandar V.
Abstract: This social validity study accompanied a 9-month randomized control trial that investigated the efficacy of an emergent literacy program, Early Literacy Skills Builder (ELSB), delivered in general education elementary classrooms to students with severe disabilities, including autism. The social validity research questions focused on (a) the social significance of the intervention goals; (b) the social, logistical, and cultural appropriateness of the intervention procedures; and (c) the importance of the effects of the intervention on social and academic growth and peer and adult attitudes and relationships...
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Linking teachers’ solution strategies to their performance on fraction word problems
Publisher: Teaching and Teacher Education
Date: 2021-05-01
Authors: Copur-Gencturk Y., Doleck T.
Abstract: Examining teachers’ knowledge of fraction word problems is important in light of research demonstrating difficulties in both teaching and learning fractions and word problems involving fractions. This study examined fourth- and fifth-grade teachers’ (N = 350) written solutions to three fraction multistep word problems to unearth the salient factors contributive to performance on word problems. We found teachers’ strategies explain teachers' success in solving word problems. In contrast, the characteristics of teachers’ backgrounds account for little variance in success in solving word problems. Furthermore, the findings underscore the importance of using informal strategies and pictorial representations in solving word problems successfully.
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Strategic competence for multistep fraction word problems: an overlooked aspect of mathematical knowledge for teaching
Publisher: Educational Studies in Mathematics
Date: 2021-05-01
Authors: Copur-Gencturk Y., Doleck T.
Keywords: Content knowledge, Fractions, In-service teachers, Mathematical knowledge for teaching, Strategic competence, Word problems
Abstract: Prior work on teachers’ mathematical knowledge has contributed to our understanding of the important role of teachers’ knowledge in teaching and learning. However, one aspect of teachers’ mathematical knowledge has received little attention: strategic competence for word problems. Adapting from one of the most comprehensive characterizations of mathematics learning (NRC, 2001), we argue that teachers’ mathematical knowledge also includes strategic competence, which consists of devising a valid solution strategy, mathematizing the problem...
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Online collaboration and identity work in a brony fandom: Constructing a dialogic space in a fan translation project
Publisher: E-Learning and Digital Media
Date: 2021-05-01
Authors: Shafirova L., Kumpulainen K.
Keywords: dialogic space, fandom, identity work, Online collaboration
Abstract: Online collaboration has become a regular practice for many Internet users, reflecting the emergence of new participatory cultures in the virtual world. However, little is yet known about the processes and conditions for online collaboration in informally formed writing spaces and how these create opportunities for participants’ identity work. This ethnographic case study explores how four young adults, fans of the show My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic (bronies), negotiated a dialogic space for their online collaboration on a fan translation project and how this created opportunities for their identity work...