Kathleen Akins is a professor who works in both philosophy and the neurosciences. She tries to use the resources of both disciplines, experimental and theoretical to address puzzling questions—some very old, some quite new—about the nature of the human mind. This has lead Kathleen branch out from her primary expertise in mammalian visual processing, with forays into diverse areas: echolocation in bats, the sensory modalities of marine invertebrates, the neurophysiology and psychophysics of colour vision, the representation of one’s own body, neonatal imitation, and multimodal processing, among others. Most recently, Kathleen lead the world’s largest survey on the prevalence and nature of synaesthesia, the only cross-linguistic one to date, in order to explore the role of learning in the developmental synaesthesia. At bottom, however, one question motivates almost all of her research: What is the nature of mental/neural representation? How do we do what we do — walk the seawall, play tennis, cook a meal, plan a party—and what kinds of neural events do these highly diverse activities require?