Recent Publications

Cantu M.A. and F.A.P.C. Gobas. 2020. Bioaccumulation of Dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane (D6) in Fish. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. Submitted.

Conder J., J. Zodrow, J. Arblaster, B. Kelly, F. Gobas, J. Suski, E. Osborn, M. Frenchmeyer, C. Divine, A. Leeson. 2020. Strategic Resources for Assessing PFAS Ecological Risks at AFFF Sites. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management. Submitted.

Ghosh, U., M. Bokare, F.A.P.C. Gobas. 2020. Deconvoluting thermodynamics from biology in the aquatic food web model. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. Submitted.

Michelle R. Embry, Jon A. Arnot, Markus Brinkmann, Yongshu Fan, Kellie Fay, Frank APC Gobas, Kai-Uwe Goss, Marlies Halder, Karla Johanning, Sophia Krause, Heike Laue, Matthew MacLeod, Diane Nabb, John Nichols, Kristin Schirmer, Helmut Segner, Julita Stadnickan. 2020. Application of the OECD 319 Test Guidelines for Bioaccumulation Assessment: Opportunities, Challenges, and Next Steps. In preparation.

Jennifer J. Trowell, Frank A. P. C. Gobas, Margo M. Moore and Christopher J Kennedy. 2019. The effect of environmental temperature on in-vitro estimates of elimination rate constants and bioconcentration factors of hydrophobic chemicals in fish. In preparation

Cancelli, A.M., F.A.P.C. Gobas. 2020. Passive treatment of naphthenic acids in oil sands process-affected waters with a surface flow treatment wetland. Environ. Sci. Technol. Submitted

Cancelli, A.M., F.A.P.C. Gobas. 2020. Treatment of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Oil Sands Process Affected Water with a Surface Flow Treatment Wetland. Environments. 7, 64; DOI:10.3390/environments7090064

Gobas, F.A.P.C., Y.S Lee, J. Arnot. 2020. Lipid Normalizing the Biomagnification Factor. Environ. Toxicol. Chem.

Saunders L.J., P.N. Fitzsimmons, J.W. Nichols, Frank A.P.C. Gobas. 2020. In Vitro-In Vivo Extrapolation Of Hepatic And Gastrointestinal Biotransformation Rates Of Hydrophobic Chemicals In Rainbow Trout. Aquatic Toxicology. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2020.105629.

Saunders L.J., G. Diaz-Blanco, Y.S. Lee, S.V. Otton, F.A.P.C. Gobas. 2020. Hepatic Clearance Binding Terms Of Hydrophobic Organic Chemicals In Rainbow Trout: Application Of A Streamlined Sorbent-Phase Dosing Method. Environ. Sci. Technol. Lett. 7 (9), 672-676.

Axsen, J., P. Plotz and M. Wolinetz (2020). Crafting strong, integrated policy mixes for deep CO2 mitigation in road transport, Nature Climate Change, 10, 809-818(2020).

C., J. Batson, T. Gunton, S. Markey and D. Dale. 2020. Impact Benefit Agreement Guidebook. School of Resource and Environmental Management, Simon Fraser University.

Gunton, T., Gunton, C., Joseph, C. and Pope, M. 2020. Evaluating Methods for Analyzing Economic Impacts in Environmental Assessment. Knowledge Synthesis Report prepared for the Social Science and Humanities Research Council and the Impact Assessment Agency of Canada.

Joseph, C., Gunton, T. I., & Hoffele, J. 2020. Assessing the public interest in environmental assessment: lessons from cost-benefit analysis of an energy megaprojectImpact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 1-15.

Joseph, C., Gunton, T., Knowler, D. and Broadbent, S., 2020. The Role of Cost-benefit Analysis and Economic Impact Analysis in Environmental Assessment: The Case for ReformImpact Assessment and Project Appraisal, pp.1-11.

Axsen, J and M. Wolinetz (2020). Pricing it Right for Climate: Using Mobility Pricing to Drive Down Transport Emissions in Metro Vancouver and Montreal. Prepared for the David Suzuki Foundation, December 2020.

Long, Z., J. Axsen, and S. Kitt (2020). Public support for supply-focused climate policy in the transport sector: Vehicle emissions, low carbon fuel, and zero-emissions vehicle standards in Canada and California, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 141, 98-115.

Manca, F., A. Sivakumar, N. Daina, J. Axsen, J. Polak (2020). Modelling the influence of peers’ attitudes on choice behaviour: theory and empirical application on electric vehicle preferences, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 140, 278-298

Bhardwaj, C., J. Axsen, F. Kern & D. McCollum (2020). Why have multiple climate policies for light-duty vehicles? Policy mix rationales, interactions and research gaps, Transport Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 135, 309-326.

Brunner, T., and J. Axsen (2020). Oil sands, pipelines and fracking: Exploring citizen acceptance of unconventional fossil fuels in Canada, Energy Research & Social Science, 67, 101511.

Axsen, J., Z. Long (2020). The present and future market for PEVs in Canada: Evidence from a mixed-method research program, in Who’s Driving Electric Cars: Understanding Consumer Adoption and Use of Plug-in Electric Cars. M. Contestabile, G. Tal and T. Turrentine, Springer International Publishing: 63-85. Book with the International Energy Agency.

Melton, N., J. Axsen, B. Moawad, (2020). Which plug-in electric vehicle policies are best? A multi-criteria evaluation framework applied to Canada, Energy Research & Social Science, 64, 101411.

Hammond, W., J. Axsen, and E. Kjeang (2020). How to slash greenhouse gas emissions in the freight sector: Policy insights from a technology-adoption model of Canada, Energy Policy, 137, 111093.

Miele, A., J. Axsen, M. Wolinetz, E. Maine (2020). The role of charging and refuelling infrastructure in supporting zero-emission vehicle sales, Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 81, 102275.

Sovacool, B., L. Williams, A. Martin, J. Axsen (2020). Humanizing hydrocarbon frontiers: The “lived experience” of shale gas fracking in the United Kingdom’s Fylde communities. Local Environment, 1-23.

Saunders, L., A. Hoffman, J. Nichols, F.A.P.C. Gobas. 2019. Dietary Bioaccumulation and Biotransformation of Hydrophobic Organic Sunscreen Agents in Rainbow TroutEnviron. Toxicol. Chem. DOI:10.1002/etc.4638.

Gobas, F.A.P.C., Y.S. Lee, J.C. Lo, T.F. Parkerton, D. Lettinski. 2019. A Toxicokinetic Framework and Analysis Tool for Interpreting OECD 305 Dietary Bioaccumulation TestsEnviron. Toxicol. Chem. 39(1): 171-188

Gobas F.A.P.C., Y.S. Lee. 2019. Growth Correcting the BCF and BMF in Bioaccumulation AssessmentsEnviron. Toxicol. Chem. 38: 2065–2072.Plotz, Patrick, J.

Axsen, S. Funke and T. Gnann (2019). Designing car bans for sustainable transportation, Nature Sustainability, 2, 534-536.

J. Axsen, M. Wolinetz (2019). Shifting Gears: Climate Solutions for Transportation in Cities, Metro Vancouver case study. Prepared for the David Suzuki Foundation, November 2019.

Long, Z., J. Axsen, & C. Kormos, (2019). Consumers continue to be confused about electric vehicles: Comparing awareness among Canadian new car buyers in 2013 and 2017Environmental Research Letters, 14, 11.

Long, Z., J. Axsen, I. Miller, & C. Kormos. (2019). Electric vehicles and automotive brand: How has Tesla shaped consumer perceptions? Transportation Research Part A, 129, 185-204.

Axsen, J., and B. Sovacool (2019). The roles of users in shared, electric and automated mobility transitionsTransportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment., 71, 1-21.
     - Special Issue (20 articles) on The roles of users in low-carbon transport innovations: Electrified, automated, and shared mobility, guest edited by Jonn Axsen and Benjamin Sovacool.

Kamiya, G., J. Axsen, and C. Crawford (2019). Short-term and long-term perspectives on plug-in electric vehicle GHG intensityTransportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 69, 209-223.

Long, Z, J. Axsen, C. Kormos, and S. Goldberg (2019), Latent-demand for zero-emissions vehicles in Canada (Part 1): Insights from a design space exerciseTransportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 67, 51-66.

Kormos, C., J. Axsen, Z. Long, and S. Goldberg (2019), Latent-demand for zero-emissions vehicles in Canada (Part 2): Insights from a latent-class choice modelTransportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 67.

Axsen, J (2019). Charging Forward: A Blueprint for Clean and Affordable Electric Cars in British Columbia – Recommendations to the Government of British Columbia on design of the zero-emission vehicle standard, Prepared for the David Suzuki Foundation, February 26, 2019.

Halseth, G., Markey, S., Ryser, L. (2019). Service Provision and Rural Sustainability: Infrastructure and Innovation. London: Routledge.

Hardman, S., P., Plotz, G. Tal, J. Axsen, E. Figenbaum, et al. (2019). Exploring the Role of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles in Electrifying Passenger Transportation, Policy Guide, Prepared for the UC Davis International EV Policy Council, April 2019.

Lajevari, M., J. Axsen, and C. Crawford (2019). Comparing alternative heavy-duty drivetrains based on GHG emissions, ownership and abatement costs: Simulations of freight routes in British ColumbiaTransportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 76, 19-55.

Sovacool, B., J. Axsen, and S. Sorrell (2018), Promoting novelty, rigor, and style in energy social science: Towards a code of practice for appropriate methods and research designEnergy Research & Social Science, 45, 12-42.

Axsen, J, and M. Wolinetz (2018). Reaching 30% plug-in vehicle sales by 2030: Modeling incentive and sales mandate strategies in CanadaTransportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 65, 596-617.

Sovacool, B. and J. Axsen (2018). Functional, symbolic and societal frames for Automobility: Implications for sustainability transitionsTransportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 118, 730-746.

Lepitzki, J., and J. Axsen (2018). The role of a low carbon fuel standard in achieving long-term GHG reduction targetsEnergy Policy, 119, 423-440.

Hardman, S., A. Jenn, J. Axsen, G. Beard, et al. (2018). Driving the Market for Plug-in Vehicles: Understanding ZEV Mandates, Policy Guide, Prepared for the UC Davis International EV Policy Council, August, 2018.

Hardman, S., T. Turrentine, J. Axsen, D. Garas, et al. (2018). Driving the Market for Plug-in Vehicles: Understanding Financial Purchase Incentives, Policy Guide, Prepared for the UC Davis International EV Policy Council, March, 2018.

Hardman, S., G. Tal, J. Axsen, G. Beard, et al. (2018). Driving the Market for Plug-in Vehicles: Developing Charging Infrastructure for Consumers, Policy Guide, Prepared for the UC Davis International EV Policy Council, March, 2018.

Shandro, B., and Haegeli, P. (2018). Characterizing the nature and variability of avalanche hazard in western Canada. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 18, 1141-1158. doi:10.5194/nhess-18-1141-2018

Thumlert, S., and Haegeli, P. (2018). Describing the severity of avalanche terrain numerically using the observed terrain selection practices of professional guides. Natural Hazards, 91(1), 89-115. doi:10.1007/s11069-017-3113-y

Statham, G., Haegeli, P., Greene, E., Birkeland, K. W., Israelson, C., Tremper, B.,…Kelly, J. (2018). A conceptual model of avalanche hazard. Natural Hazards, 90(2), 663-691. doi:10.1007/s11069-017-3070-5

Axsen, J, J. Cairns, S. Goldberg and N. Dusyk (2018). What drives the Pioneers? Applying lifestyle theory to early electric vehicle buyers in Canada, Energy Research & Social Science, 44, 17-30.

Hardman, S, A. Jenn, G. Tal, J. Axsen, G. Beard, N. Daina, E. Figenbaum, N. Jakobsson, P. Jochem, N. Kinnear, P. Plotz, J. Pontes, N. Refa, F. Sprei, T. Turrentine and B. Witkamp (2018), A review of consumer preferences of and interactions with electric vehicle charging infrastructure, Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 62, 508-523.

Lajevari, M., J. Axsen, and C. Crawford (2018). Examining the role of natural gas and advanced vehicle technologies in mitigating CO2 emissions of heavy-duty trucks: Modeling prototypical British Columbia routes with road grades, Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 62, 186-211.

Wolinetz, M., J. Axsen, J. Peters, and C. Crawford (2018), Simulating the value of vehicle-grid integration using a behaviourally-realistic model, Nature Energy, 3, 132-139.

Sovacool, B., L. Noel, J. Axsen and W. Kempton (2018). The neglected social dimensions to a vehicle-to-grid (V2G) transition, Environmental Research Letters, 13, 1.

Peters, D., J. Axsen, A. Mallet (2018). The role of environmental framing in socio-political acceptance of smart grid: The case of British Columbia, Canada, Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 82, 1939-1951.

Schmitt, M., L. Aknin, J. Axsen and R. Shwom (2018). Unpacking the relationships between pro-environmental behavior, life satisfaction, and perceived ecological threat, Ecological Economics, 143, 130-140.

Dusyk, N., J. Axsen and K. Dullemond (2018). Who cares about climate change? The mass media and socio-political acceptance of Canada’s oil sands and Northern Gateway Pipeline, Energy Research & Social Science, 37, 12-21.

Kohfeld KE, and Z Chase, Temporal evolution of mechanisms controlling ocean carbon uptake during the last glacial cycle, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 472: 206-215, 2017.

Keeling, B., M. Hessing-Lewis, C. Housty, D.K. Okamoto, E. Gregr, A.K. Salomon. 2017. Factors driving spatial variation in egg survival of an ecologically and culturally important forage fishAquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 1-14.

Krumhansl, K.A., J.N. Bergman, A.K. Salomon. In Press. Accepted Dec 16 2016. Assessing the ecosystem ‐ level consequences of a small ‐ scale artisanal kelp fishery within the context of climate ‐ change. Ecological Applications.

Wolinetz, M., and J. Axsen (2017). How policy can build the plug-in electric vehicle market: Insights from the respondent-based preference and constraints (REPAC) model, Technological Forecasting and Social Change.

Lynham, J., B.S. Halpren, T. Blenckner, T. Essington, J. Estes, M. Hunsicker, C. Kappel, A.K. Salomon, C. Scrborough, K.A. Selkoe, A. Stier. 2017. Costly stakeholder participation creates inertia in marine ecosystems. Marine Policy 76: 122 ‐ 129.

Yung-Shan Lee, Justin C. Lo, S. Victoria Otton, Margo M. Moore, Chris J. Kennedy and Frank A.P.C. Gobas. 2017. In-vitro-to-in-vivo extrapolation of biotransformation rates for assessing bioaccumulation of hydrophobic organic chemicals in mammalsEnviron. Toxicol. Chem. 36, 1934–1946. DOI: 10.1002/etc.3718

Frank A.P.C. Gobas, S. Victoria Otton, Laura F. Tupper-Ring, Meara A. Crawford, Kathryn E. Clark, Michael G. Ikonomou. 2017. Chemical activity-based environmental risk analysis of the plasticizer di-ethylhexyl phthalate and its main metabolite mono-ethylhexyl phthalateEnviron. Toxicol. Chem. 36(Issue 6): 1483–1492, 1-10. DOI: 10.1002/etc.3689.

Green, S.J., K. Demes, M. Arbeider, W.J. Palen, A.K. Salomon, T.D. Sisk, M. Webster, M. E. Ryan. 2016. Oil sands and the marine environment: Current knowledge and future challenges. Frontier in Ecology and the Environment.

Pinkerton, E., ed. 2016. Special Issue: Neoliberalism and Global Small-Scale Fisheries. Marine Policy 76. In press for publication February 2017.

Russ Jones, Catherine Rigg, Evelyn Pinkerton. 2016. Strategies for assertion of conservation and local management rights: A Haida Gwaii herring story. Marine Policy. In press.

Pinkerton, E. 2016. Hegemony and resistance: disturbing patterns and hopeful signs in the impact of neoliberal policies on small-scale fisheries around the world. Marine Policy. In press.

Justin C. Lo, Daniel J. Letinski, Thomas F. Parkerton, Dave A. Campbell, and Frank A. P. C. Gobas. 2016. In Vivo Biotransformation Rates of Organic Chemicals in Fish: Relationship with Bioconcentration and Biomagnification Factors. Environ. Sci. Tech. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b03602.

Knowler, D., Page, A., Cooper and Araujo, A. 2016. “Valuing a Logging Externality: Loss of the Water Purification Service of Temperate Coastal Rainforests”, Water Economics and Policy, DOI: 10.1142/S2382624X16500326.

Yip, W., Knowler, D., Haider, W. and Trenholm, R. 2016. “Valuing the Willingness-to-pay for Sustainable Seafood: Integrated Multi-trophic versus Closed Containment Aquaculture”, Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics, DOI: 10.1111/cjag.12102.

Schwoerer, T., Knowler, D. and Garcia-Martinez, S. “The Value of Whale Watching to Local Communities in Baja, Mexico: A Case Study using Applied Economic Rent Theory”, Ecological Economics 127: 90–101, 2016.

Martínez-Espiñeira, R., Chopin, T., Robinson, S., Noce, A., Yip, W. and Knowler, D. “A Contingent Valuation of the Biomitigation Benefits of Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture in Canada”. Aquaculture Economics and Management, 20(1): 1-23, 2016.

Jackley, J., L. Gardner, A. Djunaedi, A.K. Salomon*. 2016. Ancient clam gardens, traditional management portfolios, and the resilience of coupled human-ocean systems. Ecology and Society 21(4):20.

Malick, M.J., Cox, S.P., Mueter, F.J., Dorner, B., and Peterman, R.M. (2016). Effects of the North Pacific Current on productivity of 163 Pacific salmon stocksFisheries Oceanography. DOI: 10.1111/fog.12190

Tribonos, V.H., Cubillos, J.A., Licandeo, R., and Cox. S.P. 2016. Interactions between ageing error and selectivity in statistical catch-at-age models: simulations and implications for assessment of the Chilean Patagonian toothfish fisheryICES Journal of Marine Science. DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsv270

Green, S.J., K. Demes, M. Arbeider, W.J. Palen, A.K. Salomon, T.D. Sisk, M. Webster, M. E. Ryan. Oil sands and the marine environment: Current knowledge and future challenges. Accepted with revisions. Frontier in Ecology and the Environment.

Benoit, H., Swain, D.P., Cox, S.P., and Cadigan, N. 2016. Comment on “Slow adaptation in the face of rapid warming leads to collapse of the Gulf of Maine cod fishery.” Science 350: 809-812.

Stevenson, C.F., K.W. Demes, A.K. Salomon. 2016. Accounting for size-specific predation improves our ability to predict the strength of a trophic cascadeEcology and Evolution.

Welch, J.R., Editor (2016) Dispatches from the Fort Apache Scout White Mountain and Cibecue Apache History Through 1881University of Arizona Press, Tucson

Melton, N., J. Axsen, and D. Sperling (2016). Moving beyond alternative fuel hype to decarbonized transportNature Energy, 1, 16013.

Rutherford, M.B. 2016. Impact assessment in British Columbia. Pp. 238-254 in K.S. Hanna (ed.), Environmental Impact Assessment: Practice and Participation. Third edition. Oxford University Press DOI: 10.1111/j.1541-0064.2011.00359.x.

Ryser, L., Halseth, G., Markey, S., Morris, M. (2016). The structural underpinnings impacting rapid growth in resource regionsExtractive Industries and Society. doi:10.1016/j.exis.2016.06.001

Mori, A.S., K. Lertzman, L. Gustafson. 2016. Biodiversity and ecosystem services in forest ecosystems: a research agenda for applied forest ecology. Journal of Applied Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12669

Halseth, G., Markey, S., Ryser, L., Manson, D. (2016). Doing Community-based Research: Perspectives from the FieldMontreal: McGill-Queens University Press.

Hoffman K.M., D. G. Gavin, K. P. Lertzman, D. J. Smith and B. M. Starzomski. 2016. 13,000 years of fire history derived from soil charcoal in a British Columbia coastal temperate rainforest. Ecosphere.

Savo V., D.S. Lepofsky, J.P. Benner, K.E. Kohfeld, H.J. Bailey, and K.P. Lertzman. 2016. Observations of climate change among subsistence-oriented communities around the world. Nature Climate Change 6:462–473.

Alava, J.J., F.A.P.C. Gobas. 2016. Modeling 137Cs bioaccumulation in the salmon–resident killer whale food web of the Northeastern Pacific following the Fukushima Nuclear AccidentScience of the Total Environment. 554:56-67.

Alava J.J., P.S. Ross and F.A.P.C. Gobas. 2016. Food Web Bioaccumulation Model for Resident Killer Whales from the Northeastern Pacific Ocean as a Tool for the Derivation of PBDE-Sediment Quality GuidelinesArchives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 70:155–168. DOI 10.1007/s00244-015-0215-y

Bailey, J. H. and, J. Axsen (2015). Anticipating consumer acceptance of utility controlled charging for plug-in vehicles, Submitted to Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 82, 29-46

Axsen, J., J. H. Bailey, and M. Castro (2015). Preference and lifestyle heterogeneity among potential plug-in electric vehicle buyersEnergy Economics, 50, 190-201.

Rhodes, K., Axsen, J. and M. Jaccard, 2015 “Gauging citizen support for a low carbon fuel standard.” Energy Policy, V.79, 104-114.

Welch, John R, and Evelyn Pinkerton (2015) ‘Ain’t Gonna Study War No More’: Teaching and Learning Cooperation in a Graduate Course in Resource and Environmental ManagementGroupwork 25(2):6-30.

Rocha, L, and E. Pinkerton. 2015. Co-management of Clams in Brazil: a Framework to Advance Comparison. Special Issue “Cooperation, local communities and marine social-ecological systems: new insights from Latin America”Ecology and Society. 20 (1): 7.

Araujo, A.H., Cooper, A.B., MacIsaac, E.A. and Knowler, D. “Modeling Population Responses of Chinook and Coho Salmon to Suspended Sediment Using a Life History Approach”, Theoretical Population Biology 103: 71–83, 2015.

Stronghill, J., M.B. Rutherford, and W. Haider. 2015. Conservancies in coastal British Columbia: A new approach to protected areas in the traditional territories of First Nations. Conservation and Society 13(1): 39-50.

Chase, Z, KE Kohfeld, K. Matsumoto, Controls on rates of opal burial in the Southern Ocean, Global Biogeochemical Cycles 29 (10): 1599-1616, 2015.

Cross, B, KE Kohfeld, HJ Bailey, AB Cooper, Historical variability in wind speed behavior in relation to hydroelectric reservoir inflows, and their implications for wind power development, PLOSOne, 10(8): e0135730. doi:10.1371/journal. pone.0135730, 2015.

Gobas, F.A.P.C., D.E. Powell, K.B. Woodburn, T. Springer, D.B. Huggett. 2015. Bioaccumulation of Decamethylpentacyclosiloxane (D5) in Aquatic and Non-Aquatic Biota: A ReviewEnviron. Toxicol. Chem. 34(12), 2703–2714.

Pinkerton, E. and Davis, R. 2015. Neoliberalism and the Politics of Enclosure in North American Small-Scale Fisheries. in Marine Policy 61:303-312. Edited by E. Pinkerton and R. Davis.

Gunton, Thomas, Sean Broadbent, Marvin Shaffer, Chris Joseph and James Hoffele. 2015. Public Interest Evaluation of the Trans Mountain Expansion Project. BC: School of Resource and Environmental Management, Simon Fraser University.

Martínez-Espiñeira, R., Chopin, T., Robinson, S., Noce, A., Knowler, D., and Yip W. “Estimating the biomitigation benefits of Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture: a contingent behavior analysis”. Aquaculture 437(1): 182-194, 2015.

Pinkerton, E. 2015. The role of moral economy in two British Columbia fisheries: confronting neoliberal policies. Paper in Special Issue of Marine Policy61: 410-419. Edited by E. Pinkerton and R. Davis.

Gunton, Thomas and Sean Broadbent. 2015. An Assessment of Spill Risk for the Trans Mountain Expansion Project. BC: School of Resource and Environmental Management, Simon Fraser University.