Thesis Defense

Confocal Microscopy for T Centres in Silicon

Tuesday, 07 April 2020 02:00PM PDT
Thesis Defense
Alexander Kurkjian
SFU Physics
Confocal Microscopy for T Centres in Silicon
Apr 7, 2020 at 2:00pm in TBD


Spin defects in silicon boast long lifetimes and potential scalability with existing nanofabrication foundry processes. Paired with silicon photonics, optically-active spin defects offer a path to scalable optically-interfaced quantum technologies, such as quantum communication networks and optically-coupled qubits. The T centre in silicon is a paramagnetic radiation damage centre that is optically active in the telecommunication O-band, making it a strong candidate for spin-photon interfaces. Certain single-photon based quantum technologies rely on the production of indistinguishable photons, a characteristic which may be found from an optical centre’s zero-phonon line. In this study we measure the zero-phonon line fraction of the T centre in silicon-28 at 4.2 K to be22.5±0.2 %.

Isolating optical defects in silicon is difficult due to the relatively low radiative efficiencies of silicon-based emitters and silicon’s large refractive index (n≈3.5), trapping light by total internal reflection. Estimates using bound exciton ground state lifetime measurements from previous studies suggest isolation and measurement of single T centres is possible by con-focal microscopy. We develop a confocal microscope system designed for measuring photoluminescence from cryogenically-cooled silicon and characterize its resolution performance in reflection and above-band photoluminescence. Silicon photonic ‘micropuck’ structures were designed and fabricated to increase collection efficiency from single T centres into a microscope objective.