SEXUAL VIOLENCE DEFINITIONS

What is sexual violence and misconduct?

Sexual violence is an umbrella term that encompasses a broad range of behaviour. It means a sexual act or an act targeting a person’s sexuality, gender identity or gender expression that is committed, threatened or attempted against a person without the person’s Consent. Such behaviour may or may not involve physical contact. It includes but is not limited to: sexual assault, sexual exploitation, sexual harassment, stalking, indecent exposure, voyeurism, stealthing, and the distribution of sexually explicit photographs or videos of a person without their Consent.

What is sexual assault?

Sexual assault is any form of sexual contact without voluntary consent. Sexual assault can include non-consensual fondling, touching or kissing and is not limited to non-consensual intercourse. Sexual assault is a crime in Canada. To find out more about Canadian law regarding sexual assault, click here.

What is sexual harassment?

Behaviour of a sexual nature by a person:

  • Who knows or ought reasonably to know that the behaviour is unwanted or unwelcome; and
  • Which interferes with another person's participation in a University-related activity; or
  • Leads to or implies job- or academically-related consequences for the person harassed.

What do we mean by Survivor?

Survivor means a member of the University Community who identifies as someone who has experienced Sexual Violence and Misconduct. The University recognizes that an individual may not wish to use the term Survivor and will therefore respect an individual’s preferred term, such as Complainant, Victim, or Discloser, in its interactions with that person. A Survivor can access confidential assistance and support, referrals and information from the Sexual Violence Support and Prevention Office, and can request accommodation as defined in this policy, regardless of where or when the Sexual Violence and Misconduct occurred or the parties involved. Learn more about how to support a survivor here.

What is consent?

Consent means clear, ongoing and voluntary agreement to engage in sexual activities. Consent is informed, freely given, and actively communicated as demonstrated by words or conduct objectively assessed. For clarity, Consent:
a.   is a freely given “yes”;
b.   cannot be given by someone who is incapacitated, including for example a person who is asleep or unconscious;
c.   can never be obtained through threats, coercion or other pressure tactics;
d.   can be revoked at any time, regardless of whether other sexual activities or agreements have taken place;
e.   cannot be obtained if someone abuses a position of trust, power or authority over another person; and
f.   cannot be assumed from previous consent to the same or similar activities.

Want to learn more about consent and how to practice it? Click Here.