Definitions

What is sexual violence and misconduct?

SFU's Sexual Violence and Misconduct Prevention, Education and Support Policy (GP 44) defines sexual violence and misconduct as any sexual act or any act targeting a person’s sexuality, gender identity or gender expression that is committed, threatened, or attempted against a person without the person's consent.

Sexual violence and misconduct includes, but is not limited to, the examples listed below. If you are unsure whether an act constitutes sexual violence or not, we invite you to connect with an SVSPO case manager. Our case managers can provide additional context and help you determine whether any of these terms are applicable to your situation.

 

Examples of sexual violence and misconduct

Sexual assault Touching someone in a sexual way without their consent
Sexual harassment Unwelcome comments or gestures of a sexual nature that detrimentally affect a person's working, learning or living environment or lead to adverse consequences for the person subjected to the harassment
Stalking Repeatedly following or communicating with a person (in-person or online) in such a way that they feel fearful or threatened
Voyeurism Watching, photographing, or filming a person for a sexual purpose without their consent, in a location where there is a reasonable expectation of privacy
Distribution of sexually explicit images Sharing sexually explicit images (photos or videos) of another person without their consent or sending another person sexually explicit images without their consent
Indecent exposure Exposing one’s body to another person for a sexual purpose without the person’s consent
Stealthing Removing a condom before or during sexual activity without consent

What is consent?

SFU's Sexual Violence and Misconduct Policy defines consent as the clear, ongoing, and voluntary agreement to engage in sexual activities. Consent is informed, freely given, and actively communicated, either through words or actions.

  • Consent cannot be given by a person who is incapacitated. 
  • Consent can be revoked at any time, regardless of whether other sexual activities or agreements have taken place.
  • Consent cannot be assumed based on previous interactions. Consenting to one kind of sexual activity does not mean that consent is given for another sexual activity.
  • Consent can never be obtained through threats, coercion, or other pressure tactics.