Counselling and Human Development (PBD)

This program offers individuals, who are employed or seeking employment in a human services or health care profession, a focused introduction to the core knowledge bases involved in counselling. Course work is designed to enhance the effectiveness of students in their current job or better prepare them for a future career in a helping profession. This program meets most of the academic prerequisites for the Counselling Psychology MA/MEd.


In addition to the following admission requirements, students must also meet the Post Baccalaureate Diploma (General) program requirements as listed in the Program Requirements below. Applications will be reviewed by cognate faculty, the graduate faculty associate, or their designates. Typically, candidates will have the following prerequisites prior to admission to this program.

  • a bachelor’s degree with at least an introduction to educational psychology (EDUC 220 or transferable equivalent), a course in human development, and one more upper division psychology or sociology course
  • a minimum 50 hours of relevant voluntary or paid experience
  • a written statement of career interest
  • an admission grade point average of 2.5 or equivalent


Students complete a total of 30 units, including all of:

EDUC 323 - Introduction to Counselling Theories (3)

Introduction to Counselling Theories

EDUC 323

Survey of theories undergirding counsellor and teacher interventions aimed at promoting emotional growth, development and personal change. Examination of theories and their sociological, cultural and philosophical contexts. Exploration of links between frequently used interventions and the implicit theories underlying these strategies. Prerequisite: 60 units including EDUC 220.

EDUC 324 - Foundations of Multicultural Counselling (3)

Foundations of Multicultural Counselling

EDUC 324

Provides an introduction to multicultural counselling and human diversity with an emphasis on culture, gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, religion, age, and abilities. Prerequisite: EDUC 220 or PSYC 250 and 60 units.

EDUC 328 - Career Education and Career Counselling (3)

Career Education and Career Counselling

EDUC 328

An introduction to theories of career choice, adjustment and development. Emphasis on critical evaluation of established theories that are influential in the development of career education curricula and in the practice of career counselling. Prerequisite: EDUC 220 or EDUC 401/402 or corequisite EDUC 403.

EDUC 423 - Helping Relationships (4)

Helping Relationships

EDUC 423

Introduction to the rationale for and the practice of basic counselling skills. Emphasis on the development of counselling skills as a means of establishing effective helping relationships in educational settings. Prerequisite: Or corequisite: EDUC 323.

EDUC 437 - Ethical Issues in Education (4)

Ethical Issues in Education

EDUC 437

Ethical problems in education are identified and examined. Four major areas of concern are explored: 1. the normative character of education as a whole; 2. the justification of education; 3. ethical questions related to equality, autonomy, interpersonal relationships, and rights in education; 4. moral education and values education. Prerequisite: 60 units including 3 units in Education.

and a minimum of 13 units chosen from:

CRIM 314 - Mental Disorder, Criminality and the Law (3)

Mental Disorder, Criminality and the Law

CRIM 314

Critical examination of the impact of psychiatry and related clinical professions on the criminal justice system. Relationship between institutions of mental health and legal control. The relevance of psychiatric theory and decision-making for the processing of mentally disordered offenders. The role of forensic clinicians in the courts, prisons, mental hospitals and related agencies. Specific issues addressed in this course will include psychiatric assessment, criminal responsibility, fitness to stand trial, prediction of dangerousness, treatment of mentally ill criminals and the penal and therapeutic commitment of the insane. Prerequisite: CRIM 101. Recommended: CRIM 131.

CRIM 315 - Restorative Justice (4)

Restorative Justice

CRIM 315

The course will contrast restorative justice with the dominant adversarial/retributive/punitive model of justice through a critical analysis of these two paradigms of justice. Several key principles, assumptions, and concepts necessary for understanding the foundation and practice of restorative justice will be introduced and explored. Prerequisite: 45 units. Breadth-Social Sciences.

EDUC 322 - The Social Lives of School Children (3)

The Social Lives of School Children

EDUC 322

An overview of theory, research and practice concerning social emotional development and social interactions and relationships in the school context. Emphasis on the role of peer relationships in development and the role of the school in supporting positive interactions. Prerequisite: EDUC 220 or PSYC 250.

EDUC 326 - Creating Positive Learning Communities (3)

Creating Positive Learning Communities

EDUC 326

Prepares student teachers to design positive learning environments in K-12 classrooms. The focus will be on practical approaches to creating a space in which students and teachers can work successfully together toward common goals. Prerequisite: One of EDUC 100, 220, 230, or 240; or EDUC 401/402, or corequisite EDUC 403.

EDUC 327 - Self, Psychology and Education (3)

Self, Psychology and Education

EDUC 327

A critical examination of theoretical and empirical programs of inquiry in educational psychology that are concerned with the self (e.g., self-esteem, self-concept, self-directed or self-regulated learning). Students will participate in a wide-ranging seminar that considers topics such as the relationship between personal and social being, historical perspectives on the self, the formation of social identity, the roles of memory, imagination, and narrative in selfhood, the development of agency and self, and education and personhood. Prerequisite: 60 units, including EDUC 220.

EDUC 370 - International and Intercultural Education (4)

International and Intercultural Education

EDUC 370

Practical and theoretical approaches to international and intercultural education, including examinations of the relationships between culture, learning and schooling, and contemporary issues in teacher education from an international perspective. Prerequisite: Completion of at least 60 units, including 3 units in Education.

EDUC 464 - Early Childhood Education (4)

Early Childhood Education

EDUC 464

Current trends, issues and research relating to the education of young children. Prerequisite: EDUC 401/402 or PSYC 250 or corequisite EDUC 403.

INDG 327 - Aboriginal Women in Canada (4)

Indigenous Women in Canada

INDG 327

Themes and issues relating to the historical and contemporary experiences of Indigenous women in Canada: Indigenous theories of gender; evolution and political function of stereotypes of Indigenous women in Canada; history of Canadian legislation regulating Indigenous identity; relevance of feminist analysis; and history of activism. Students who have taken INDG (or FNST) 322 under this topic may not take this course for further credit. INDG (or FNST) 327 and GSWS 327 (or WS 327) are identical and students may not take both courses for credit. Prerequisite: INDG (or FNST) 101 or INDG (or FNST) 201W.

GERO 302 - Health Promotion and Aging (3)

Health Promotion and Aging

GERO 302

This course includes an examination of the development of contemporary understanding and practice of health promotion. Students will be given the opportunity to explore theories and models designed to explain health related behaviors and the determinants of health. Strategies for behavioral change and development of socio-environmental approaches will be discussed in the context of an aging Canadian population. Prerequisite: 60 units. Recommended: GERO 300.

GERO 406 - Death and Dying (3)

Death and Dying

GERO 406

The focus of this course is to provide the student with an in-depth understanding of the process of dying. By examining the process of dying, one's personal response to death as well as society's reaction and responsibilities toward dying, the student will gain new insights in caring for the dying person. Prerequisite: 60 units. Recommended: GERO 300.

GSWS 314 - Race, Class and Gender (4)

Race, Class and Gender

GSWS 314

An examination of feminist, Marxist and anti-racist theories pertaining to the historical development, social construction, and interactive nature of race, class and gender relations. Students with credit for either GSWS 301 (or WS 301) or GSWS 310 (or WS 310) as Special Topics: Race, Class and Gender may not take this course for further credit. Prerequisite: 15 units.

GSWS 331 - Queer Genders (4)

Queer Genders

GSWS 331

Introduces students to current debates on gender identity and gender difference from the perspectives of queer subjects. Explores recent theoretical and cultural works on gender from queer, transgender, and feminist perspectives, while examining the challenges they pose to current understanding of sex, gender, sexuality, and the body. Prerequisite: 30 units, including three unist in GSWS. Students who have taken GDST 301, or WS 301 Special Topics: Theorizing Queer Genders may not take this course for further credit.

GSWS 398W - Feminist Currents (4)

Feminist Currents


Explores recent debates and future directions of feminist thought and introduces students to different models of feminist writing. The writing-intensive component of the course trains students to develop analytical, writing, and research skills through a variety of writing activities and assignments. Equivalent Courses: WS398 Prerequisite: 30 units including three units in GSWS or WS or GDST. Writing.

PSYC 354 - Development of Children's Thinking (3)

Development of Children's Thinking

PSYC 354

Examines research and theory concerning the origins and development of cognition in humans. Traces the development of language and children's thinking about the physical and social world from birth to adulthood, with a focus on infancy and childhood. Prerequisite: PSYC 201 and 250.

PSYC 355 - Adolescent Development (3)

Adolescent Development

PSYC 355

Considers human development from the end of childhood to the beginning of the adult stage, from a bio-social point of view. Included among the topics are psychological effects of sexual maturation, choice of vocation and marriage partner, effects of participation in the gang and youth organization, cultural variations in the patterns of growth. Prerequisite: PSYC 201 and 250.

PSYC 357 - Adulthood and Aging (3)

Adulthood and Aging

PSYC 357

Considers human development from young adulthood to old age. Included are theories of adult development and aging; environmental and biological factors in aging; and the effects of aging on sensation, perception, learning, cognition, personality, psychopathology, and social relations. Prerequisite: PSYC 201 and 250 or acceptance into the diploma program in gerontology.

PSYC 362 - Close Relationships (3)

Close Relationships

PSYC 362

Reviews theory and research on the psychology of romantic relationships. Topics may include relationship theories, communication, social cognitive processes, intimate partner violence, and relationship interventions. Prerequisite: PSYC 201 and 260.

PSYC 363 - Intergroup Relations (3)

Intergroup Relations

PSYC 363

Provides an overview of the social psychological study of intergroup relations, considering classic and contemporary theory and research in the field. It includes discussions of the application of these ideas and findings to important social contexts, and explores ways in which the social psychological study of intergroup relations can help us understand and inform efforts to influence relevant social change. Prerequisite: PSYC 201 and 260.

PSYC 365 - Health Psychology (3)

Health Psychology

PSYC 365

Explores applications of psychological principles to health and health care. The development of the field of health psychology is traced and major topics introduced. Topics include health promotion, the hospital experience, communication in medical settings, coping with serious illness, psychoneuroimmunology, and field-specific methodology. Prerequisite: PSYC 201.

PSYC 371 - Intervention: Process and Outcome (3)

Intervention: Process and Outcome

PSYC 371

Reviews the major approaches to psychological intervention in terms of theory, practice and outcome evaluation. The course will examine both the scientific and practitioner components of intervention. Prerequisite: PSYC 201 and 241.

SA 319 - Transnational Aging (A) (4)

Transnational Aging (A)

SA 319

Explores how mobility and migration across borders influence the lives of older people, with attention to how multigenerational transnational families mutually negotiate care and support. Political and socio-cultural factors will be examined through case studies from around the world in order to assess how we age in a transnational world. Prerequisite: SA 101 or 150 or 201W.

SA 332 - The Anthropology of Childhood (A) (4)

The Anthropology of Childhood (A)

SA 332

A cross-cultural examination of the social and cultural relations that shape childhood in different settings. Topics to be considered could include: the social definition of childhood and child rearing; the institutional arrangements established for children and youth and the impact that these have on children, families, and society; the social construction of child and youth cultures. Prerequisite: SA 101 or 201W.

SA 335 - Gender Relations and Social Issues (S) (4)

Gender Relations and Social Issues (S)

SA 335

Together we will think about how gender influences and suffuses social interaction, in both historical and contemporary contexts: consider how assumptions and expectations about gender shape identity, the things people do, and how they do them; and discuss gender inequality and equality across society. Prerequisite: SA 101 or 150 or 201W.

SA 337 - Sexuality and Society (S) (4)

Sexuality and Society (S)

SA 337

The categories that organize our understandings of sex, gender and sexuality have powerful histories and roles in organizing social relations in western society. Social activists and academics contest the naturalness of these categories, particularly that of the binary opposition between male and female, and related assumptions about sexuality and sexual orientation. This course encompasses a range of perspectives on sex/gender identity, sexuality, and the relationship between the two. These perspectives include feminist, lesbian and gay, and queer and transgender challenges to traditional understandings of sex/gender identity and sexuality. Prerequisite: SA 101 or 150 or 201W.


Meet faculty members teaching in this program.